There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators. Asthma medicines may be inhaled using a metered-dose inhaler or nebulizer or they may be taken orally. People with high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, or heart disease shouldn't take OTC asthma drugs like Primatene Mist and Bronkaid. Read more: Asthma Medications Article
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What Is Asthma? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
What is asthma? Learn information about asthma, a chronic disease of the bronchiole tubes. Discover information about asthma...
Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways of the lungs, which can be managed with proper treatment. Triggered by two main...
What is Asthma? Asthma Myths Debunked
What are asthma myths and facts? There is currently no cure for asthma, and no specific, single cause for asthma has been...
Asthma Attacks: Triggers, Symptoms, and Treatment
Asthma symptoms include coughing, wheezing, headache, fatigue, dark circles under the eyes, trouble sleeping, and loss of...
Top 13 Ways to Tame Eye Allergies
Eye allergies, or allergic conjunctivitis, cause itchy eyes and other allergic symptoms. Avoiding allergens and using medicated...
Related Disease Conditions
Cough: 19 Tips on How to Stop a Cough
Coughing is a reflex that helps a person clear their airways of irritants. There are many causes of an excessive or severe cough including irritants like cigarette and secondhand smoke, pollution, air fresheners, medications like beta blockers and ACE inhibitors, the common cold, GERD, lung cancer, and heart disease.Natural and home remedies to help cure and soothe a cough include stay hydrated, gargle saltwater, use cough drops or lozenges, use herbs and supplements like ginger, mint, licorice, and slippery elm, and don't smoke. Over-the-counter products (OTC)to cure and soothe a cough include cough suppressants and expectorants, and anti-reflux drugs. Prescription drugs that help cure a cough include narcotic medications, antibiotics, inhaled steroids, and anti-reflux drugs like proton pump inhibitors or PPIs, for example, omeprazole (Prilosec), rabeprazole (Aciphex), and pantoprazole (Protonix).
Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, sinus infection, cigarette smoking, GERD, postnasal drip, bronchitis, pneumonia, medications, and less frequently tumors or other lung disease. Chronic cough treatment is based on the cause, but may be soothed natural and home remedies.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
Hypoxia is a condition in which the normal concentration of oxygen in the blood is not enough for normal life functions. Symptoms of hypoxia and/or hypoxemia may be acute such as fast heart rate, rapid breathing, and shortness of breath; or severe symptoms include confusion, the inability to communicate, coma, and sometimes death. Treatment of hypoxia and/or hypoxemia is to provide supplemental oxygen to the body as soon as possible.
An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. When these allergens come in contact with the body, it causes the immune system to develop an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to it. It is estimated that 50 million North Americans are affected by allergic conditions. The parts of the body that are prone to react to allergies include the eyes, nose, lungs, skin, and stomach. Common allergic disorders include hay fever, asthma, allergic eyes, allergic eczema, hives, and allergic shock.
Neutropenia is a marked decrease in the number of neutrophils, neutrophils being a type of white blood cell (specifically a form of granulocyte) filled with neutrally-staining granules, tiny sacs of enzymes that help the cell to kill and digest microorganisms it has engulfed by phagocytosis. Signs and symptoms of neutropenia include gum pain and swelling, skin abscesses, recurrent ear and sinus infections, sore mouth, low-grad fever, pneumonia-like symptoms, and pain and irritation around the rectal area. Neutropenia has numerous causes, for example, infections (HIV, TB, mono); medications (chemotherapy); vitamin deficiencies (anemia); bone marrow diseases (leukemias), radiation therapy, autoimmune destruction of neutrophils, and hypersplenism. Treatment of neutropenia depends upon the cause and the health of the patient.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment
Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma symptoms. OTC asthma medicines are limited to epinephrine and ephedrine. These OTC drugs are best used with the guidance of a physician, as there may be side effects and the drugs may not be very effective.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or air pollutants. Conditions that accompany COPD include chronic bronchitis, chronic cough, and emphysema. Symptoms of COPD include shortness of breath, wheezing, and chronic cough. Treatment of COPD includes GOLD guidelines, smoking cessation, medications, and surgery. The life expectancy of a person with COPD depends on the stage of the disease.
COPD vs. Asthma (Differences and Similarities)
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and asthma both have common symptoms like coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest. COPD is caused by tobacco smoking, while asthma is caused by your inherited genetic makeup and their interactions with the environment. Risk factors for asthma are obesity, exposure to cigarette smoke (even secondhand smoke), and personal history of hay fever. There is no cure for either disease, but symptoms can be managed with medication. A person with asthma has a better prognosis and life expectancy than someone with COPD.
The lungs are primarily responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and the blood. Eliminating carbon dioxide from the blood is important, because as it builds up in the blood, headaches, drowsiness, coma, and eventually death may occur. The air we breathe in (inhalation) is warmed, humidified, and cleaned by the nose and the lungs.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
Children's Cough Causes and Treatments
Children's cough causes include infection, acid reflux, asthma, allergies or sinus infection, whooping cough, and exposure to irritants. Treatment for a child's cough include cough medicine for children over the age of four.
Snoring is caused by the vibrations of the soft tissues at the back of the nose and throat while a person sleeps. There are many causes of snoring like being pregnant, allergies, asthma, colds, the flu, excess alcohol, some medications, smoking, and sleep position. Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition that causes snoring and can be serious. Treatments to reduce or stop snoring include lifestyle changes, home remedies, antisnoring devices and aids, medical treatments, and at times, surgery.
What Is the Treatment for Asthmatic Bronchitis?
Asthmatic bronchitis refers to inflammation of the bronchial tubes carrying air inside the lungs that occurs because of asthma. Treatment for asthmatic bronchitis involves bronchodilators, steroids, treating secretions, leukotriene inhibitors, antibiotics, oxygen administration and avoiding triggers.
What Is Asthma? 19 Complex Facts
There are many unusual symptoms of asthma, including sighing, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, chronic cough, recurrent walking pneumonia, and rapid breathing. These symptoms may vary from individual to individual. These asthma complexities make it difficult to accurately diagnose and treat asthma.
Asthma in Children
Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in children is usually diagnosed based on the description of symptoms. Lung function tests may also be used. A variety of medications are used for the treatment of childhood asthma.
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety. There are fitness programs that fit any age or lifestyle.
What Are the Four Types of Asthma?
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways (bronchi). Bronchi generally allow for the passage of air in and out of the lungs. In asthma, these airways develop hypersensitivity, inflammation, and narrowing. This causes difficulty in breathing. The four types are mild intermittent, mild persistent, moderate persistent and severe persistent.
Exercise-induced asthma is asthma triggered by vigorous exercise. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, and fatigue while exercising. Preventing exercise-induced asthma attacks involves using inhaled medicines before exercising, performing warm-up exercises and cooling down afterward, avoiding exercising outdoors when pollen counts are high, restricting exercise when you have a viral infection, and wearing a mask over your nose and mouth when exercising in cold weather.
What Is Severe Asthma?
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease caused due to the airway’s hypersensitive response to allergic stimuli. Severe asthma or status asthmaticus is defined as asthma that is uncontrolled, despite adherence with maximal optimized therapy and treatment of contributory factors or asthma that worsens when high dose treatment is decreased.
Local ResourcesFind a local Asthma & Allergy Specialist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Asthma, Controlling Your
- Asthma: Managing Exercise-Induced Asthma
- Asthma Update -- Paul Enright, MD. -- 11/25/02
- Asthma Control: Know Your Score
- Asthma and Allergies and Your Child
Medications & Supplements
- Predinsone Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- Biologics (Biologic Drug Class)
- Bronchodilators (Drug Class)
- methylprednisolone (Medrol)
- ipratropium bromide inhaler (Atrovent)
- Anticholinergic and Antispasmodic Drugs
- Drug Interactions
- dexamethasone (Decadron, DexPak)
- budesonide (oral inhalation, Pulmicort, Pulmicort Flexhaler)
- What Does Prednisone Do to Your Body?
- montelukast, Singulair
- What Are the Benefits of An Aerosol Treatment?
- terbutaline (Brethine)
- prednisolone (Orapred, Pediapred)
- hydrocortisone injection (Solu-Cortef, A-Hydrocort)
- albuterol (Ventolin, Proventil)
- tiotropium capsule - inhalation
- aminophylline (Norphyl)
- omalizumab (Xolair)
- salmeterol (Serevent)
- mometasone (Elocon)
- Cold Medicine and Cough Syrup for Adults
- theophylline (Elixophyllin, Theo-24)
- formoterol powder in capsule - oral inhalation, Foradil
- budesonide/formoterol hfa inhaler (Symbicort)
- Trelegy Ellipta (fluticasone furoate)
- zafirlukast (Accolate)
- beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler (Qvar)
- fluticasone propionate oral inhaler (Flovent)
- Advair Diskus, Advair HFA (fluticasone and salmeterol oral inhaler)
- Dulera (mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate)
- Side Effects of Ephedrine (oral)
- triamcinolone acetonide inhaler, Azmacort
- levalbuterol pre-mixed solution - inhalation, Xopenex
- beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler (Beconase AQ, QNASL)
- cromolyn, Nasalcrom, Gastrocrom (Intal, Opticrom are discontinued)
- How Do You Use Inhalers and Nebulizers?
- flunisolide nasal spray, Aerospan (Nasalide, Aerobid, Aerobid HFA are discontinued)
- zileuton - oral, Zyflo
- Dulera (mometasone furoate/formoterol fumarate)
- Qvar (beclomethasone) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Types of Asthma Medications
- ciclesonide (Alvesco)
- ArmonAir Digihaler (fluticasone propionate inhalation powder)
- nedocromil sodium - ophthalmic, Alocril
- bitolterol mesylate, Tornalate
- Nucala (mepolizumab)
- Side Effects of Elixophyllin (theophylline)
- ipratropium solution - inhalation, Atrovent
- ArmonAir RespiClick (fluticasone propionate)
Prevention & Wellness
- Keeping Classrooms Safe for Kids With Asthma, Allergies
- More Than Half of People With Asthma Aren't Seeing a Specialist
- Perrigo Asthma Inhalers Recalled Due to Clog Risk
- Inhaler Use Up During Coronavirus Pandemic
- Don't Cut Back on Asthma Meds During Pandemic, Expert Advises
- COVID-19: Asthma Patients Should Stay on Steroids
- Health Tip: How to Remember to Take Your Medications
- 'Green Inhalers' Could Reduce Carbon Footprint: Study
- A Parent's Guide to Managing Kids' Asthma During the Fall
- Three-Drug Inhaler May Be an Advance for Asthma Patients
- For Many With Mild Asthma, Popular Rx May Not Work: Study
- Asthma Inhalers Incorrectly Used by Most Kids in Study
- Almost Half of Young Asthma Patients Misuse Inhalers
- First Generic Version of Advair Diskus Approved for Asthma, COPD
- Does Fish Oil Help Control Asthma? Not So Much, Study Finds
- Pets Can Double as Asthma Antidote
- FDA Says Primatene Mist Inhaler is Back for Asthmatics
- Add Asthma to List of Possible Causes of Childhood Obesity
- 5 Tips to Manage Your Child's Asthma
- Singulair Asthma Tablet Bottles Recalled
- Boosting Steroid Dose May Not Reduce Kids' Asthma Flare-Ups
- Asthma in America Carries $82 Billion Price Tag
- Boxed Warning Removed From Certain Asthma Medications: FDA
- New Hope From Old Drugs in Fight Against Parkinson's
- Asthma Control Essential in Pregnancy, Study Suggests
- Nearly 600,000 Asthma Inhalers Recalled
- Childhood Asthma May Encourage Obesity, Study Suggests
- Many Poor Asthma Sufferers Stuck in Settings That Make Their Disease Worse
- New Biologic Drug Tackles Hard-to-Control Asthma
- Health Tip: Control Asthma
- Many Parents Ill-Informed About Kids' Asthma Meds
- Got Unused Meds? Here's What to Do
- Text Messages Remind People to Take Medications
- Halloween Safety Tips for Kids With Asthma
- Colleges Could Do More for Students With Chronic Ills, Study Finds
- Small Heart, Stroke Risks From Asthma Drug: FDA
- Asthma Drug May Help Those With Chronic Hives
- New Inhaled Drug Shows Promise Against Asthma, Allergies
- Study Probes Link Between Early Antibiotic Use, Asthma
- Common Asthma Meds May Raise Sleep Apnea Risk, Study Says
- Glaxo to End Payments to Prescribing Doctors
- Nebulizers May Not Deliver Full Drug Dose to Kids With Asthma
- Few Parents Use Kids' Asthma Meds Correctly: Study
- Last Two Ozone-Depleting Inhalers Being Phased Out
- Asthma Care Critical During Pregnancy, Study Finds
- Health Tip: Is Your Asthma Getting Worse?
- Insurance Loss Hampers Young People With Asthma
- Combo Inhaler May Give Better Relief for Some With Asthma
- Health Tip: Does Asthma Affect Your Sleep?
- Asthma Linked to Increased Risk of Dangerous Lung Blockage
- Kids May Be at Slightly Higher Asthma Risk If Parents Had Infertility Treatments
- That May Not Be a Cold, Could Be Fall Allergies
- Mild Asthma Patients May Do OK With Less Steroids
- Asthma Drug Shown to Stunt Growth
- Stopping Controversial Asthma Drugs Could Have Downside: Study
- London Smog May Be Tough on Olympians
- Inhaled Steroids Lead to Big Drop in Asthma Deaths at Texas Hospital: Study
- Seniors Undertreated for Asthma, and Many Skip Inhalers: Study
- The Worst Cities in the U.S. for Asthma
- Some Schools Don't Let Kids Carry Asthma Inhalers
- Rapid Asthma Treatment in ER May Prevent Admission
- High Out-of-Pocket Costs for Kids' Asthma Drugs Could Pose Dangers
- Can Herbs Fight Asthma?
- New Guidelines Seek to Prevent Sudden Death in Young Athletes
- Asthma Meds Likely Safe During Pregnancy: Study
- Asthma Drugs During Pregnancy Linked to Slight Risk of Rare Birth Defects
- Why Don't Some People With Asthma Respond to Medication?
- Asthma Drugs in Pregnancy Might Pose Risk for Kids
- FDA: Some Asthma Drugs Riskier for Kids Than Adults
- Asthma Can Complicate Diabetes Care in Kids
- EPA Proposes New Mercury Air Pollution Rules
- New Technique May Help Diagnose Asthma, COPD
- Alternative Way to Treat Childhood Asthma?
- Surgeon General Urges Support for Breastfeeding
- Flu Is Widespread in 11 States
- Risks of Thirdhand Cigarette Smoke Can Linger
- Asthma a Problem for Millions
- Recall of Albuterol Used in Nebulizers
- Obese Teens at Risk for Severe Adult Obesity
- Common Asthma Drug Could Speed MS Treatment
- Vitamin D May Improve Asthma Control
- Acetaminophen: Teen Asthma Trigger?
- Too Much Pregnancy Weight Gain Raises Child's Obesity Risk
- Premature Birth Rate Is Dropping
- HPV Viruses Linked to Skin Cancer
- Vitamin E May Lower Women's Lung Disease Risk
- Breastfeeding Cuts Fever Risk After Vaccines
- Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Could Affect Health
- FDA Approves New Device for Asthma Relief
- Traffic Pollution Raises ER Visits for Asthma
- Cost Concerns Delay Heart Attack Care
- Breastfeeding Rates Vary by Race, Region
- How to Treat Kids' Hard-to-Control Asthma
- Worst Cities for People With Asthma
- Panel Critical of FDA's Asthma Drug Ruling
- FDA Issues Warning on Key Asthma Drugs
- Survey: Asthma Control Still Poor
- Gastric Banding Surgery Works for Teens