- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: aspirin
Brand Names: Bayer Buffered Aspirin, Durlaza, ASA, Bayer Children's Aspirin, Bayer Women's Low Dose, Bayer Low Adult Strength, Bayer Advanced Aspirin, Bayer Extra Strength, Bayer Extra Strength Plus, Bufferin, Bufferin Extra Strength, Ecotrin, Ecotrin Maximum Strength, Extended Release Bayer 8-Hour Caplets, Extra Strength Bayer Plus Caplets, Genuine Bayer Aspirin, Halfprin DSC, Maximum Bayer Aspirin, St. Joseph Adult Chewable Aspirin, St. Joseph Regular Strength, acetylsalicylic acid, Vazalore
Drug Classes: Antiplatelet Agents, Cardiovascular; Antiplatelet Agents, Hematologic; NSAIDs; Salicylates
What is aspirin, and what is it used for?
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is one of the oldest and most commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treating mild-to-moderate pain, fever, and inflammation from various causes. Because aspirin inhibits platelet aggregation and blood clotting, it is also used as prophylaxis to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke that occur from blood clots blocking the blood vessels.
Aspirin works by inhibiting the activity of cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2), two enzymes that are essential for the biosynthesis of prostaglandin. Prostaglandin is a substance that has multiple functions in the body and plays a prominent role in inflammation and the resultant symptoms of pain and fever. Blocking the production of prostaglandin also inhibits the release of thromboxane A2, a substance that platelets produce to make the blood clot.
Aspirin’s effects are dose-dependent; aspirin inhibits clotting (antithrombotic) at low doses (75 to 81 mg/day), relieves pain (analgesic) and reduces fever (antipyretic) at intermediate doses (650 mg to 4 g/day), and it is anti-inflammatory at high doses (4 to 8 g/day). Use at high doses, however, poses the risk of salicylate toxicity that can cause hearing loss, tinnitus, and digestive issues.
Aspirin is available over-the-counter and on prescription in different forms and strengths under many different brand names. Aspirin is used in the treatment of the following conditions:
- Pain or fever from any cause
- Acute coronary syndrome
- Prevention of primary atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)
- Post-revascularization procedures such as:
- Ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack
- Inflammation in rheumatologic diseases, including:
- Do not take/administer aspirin if you are allergic to:
- Do not take/administer aspirin if you have any of the following conditions:
- Bleeding gastrointestinal ulcers
- Ulcerative colitis
- Hemolytic anemia from pyruvate kinase (PK) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency
- Nasal polyps associated with asthma
- Coagulation/bleeding disorders, including
- Do not administer to children or teenagers for viral infections because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome
What are the side effects of aspirin?
Side effects of aspirin include:
- Skin swelling
- Central nervous system (CNS) alteration
- Skin problems
- Gastrointestinal (GI) pain, ulceration, and bleeding
- Liver damage
- Hearing loss
- Platelet aggregation inhibition
- Premature hemolysis
- Pulmonary edema (salicylate-induced, non-cardiogenic)
- Kidney damage
- Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug. Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What are the dosages of aspirin?
- 81 mg
- 325 mg
- 500 mg
- 75 mg
- 81 mg
- 81 mg
- 162 mg
- 325 mg
- 650 mg
Gum, chewing, oral
- 227 mg
The extended-release capsule (Durlaza [Rx]) (adult only)
- 162.5 mg
Pain and Fever
- Adults: 325-650 mg orally/rectally once every 4-6 hours as needed
- Controlled/extended/delayed-release products (enteric-coated): 650-1300 mg orally once every 8 hours; not to exceed 3.9 g/day
Acute Coronary Syndrome
- 160-325 mg orally; chew non-enteric-coated tablet upon presentation (within minutes of symptoms)
- If unable to take orally, may give 300-600 mg rectal suppository
Maintenance (secondary prevention)
- 75-81 mg orally once/day indefinitely (preferred dose); may be taken as 81-325 mg/day
- Regimen may depend on co-administered drugs or comorbid conditions
- Co-administered with ticagrelor: 81 mg orally once/day
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
- Adjunctive aspirin therapy to support reperfusion with primary PCI (with or without fibrinolytic therapy)
- Preoperative dose: 162-325 mg orally before the procedure
- Maintenance: 81 mg orally once/day indefinitely (preferred dose) may give 81-325 mg/day
- The regimen may depend on co-administered drugs or comorbid conditions
- Co-administered with ticagrelor: 81 mg orally once/day
Primary and Secondary Prevention
Durazo: Indicated to reduce the risk of death and heart attack (myocardial infarction/MI) in patients with chronic CAD (e.g., history of MI, unstable angina, or chronic stable angina); also indicated to reduce the risk of death and recurrent stroke in patients who have had an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)
The extended-release capsule (Durlaza [Rx]): 162.5 mg orally once/day
Use immediate-release aspirin, not extended-release capsule in situations where a rapid onset of action is required (such as acute treatment of myocardial infarction or before percutaneous coronary intervention)
Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack
- 50-325 mg/day orally within 48 hours of stroke or TIA, then 75-100 mg/day orally
- Up to 3 g/day orally in divided doses
- 3 g/day orally in divided doses; increased as needed for anti-inflammatory efficacy (target plasma salicylate, 150-300 mcg/mL)
- 3.6-5.4 g/day orally in divided doses; monitor serum concentrations
Colorectal Cancer (Off-label)
- 600 mg/day orally
- Decreases risk of developing hereditary colorectal cancer (i.e., Lynch syndrome) by 60% if taken daily for at least 2 years
- CrCl greater than 10 mL/min: Dose adjustment not necessary
- CrCl less than 10 mL/min: Not recommended
Severe liver disease: Not recommended
Pain and fever
Children under 12 years:
- 10-15 mg/kg orally once every 4 hours, up to 60-80 mg/kg/day
Children 12 years and older:
- 325-650 mg orally/rectally once every 4-6 hours as needed
Controlled/extended/delayed-release products (enteric-coated): 650-1300 mg orally once every 8 hours; not to exceed 3.9 g/day
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Children less than 25 kg: 60-100 mg/kg/day orally divided every 6-8 hours (maintain serum salicylate at 150-300 mcg/mL)
- Children 25 kg or more: 2.4-3.6 g/day
- Febrile phase: 80-100 mg/kg/day orally divided every 6 hours for up to 14 days (48-72 hours after fever abates)
- Maintenance: 3-6 mg/kg/day orally in single dose
Toxic dose: 200 mg/kg
Latest Medications News
Daily Health News
What drugs interact with aspirin?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
Severe interactions of aspirin include:
Serious interactions of aspirin include:
- ketorolac intranasal
- measles, mumps, rubella and varicella vaccine, live
- varicella virus vaccine live
Aspirin has moderate interactions with at least 257 different drugs.
Aspirin has mild interactions with at least 120 different drugs.
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Aspirin is a pregnancy category D drug.
Avoid chronic or intermittent high doses of aspirin during pregnancy. Use aspirin only in life-threatening emergencies in the third trimester when no safer drug is available. There is positive evidence of human fetal risk. It is especially important that the patient does not use aspirin during the last 3 months of pregnancy unless specifically directed to do so by the doctor, because it may cause problems in the unborn child or complications during delivery.
- Aspirin may affect maternal and newborn hemostasis mechanisms, leading to an increased risk of hemorrhage
- High doses may also increase perinatal mortality by intrauterine growth restriction and teratogenic effects
- Near term, aspirin may prolong gestation and labor
- Premature closure of the ductus arteriosus may occur if used near term, with use of full-dose aspirin
FDA warns against the use of NSAIDs in pregnancy at 20 weeks or later because they can result in low amniotic fluid.
Seek advice of health professional before using OTC aspirin during pregnancy
What else should I know about aspirin?
- Aspirin should be discontinued if you develop tinnitus.
- Individuals who consume three or more alcoholic drinks should be aware of bleeding risks associated with heavy alcohol use while taking aspirin.
- Aspirin has gastrointestinal (GI) side effects, and physicians and patients should remain alert for symptoms of GI ulceration and bleeding, even in the absence of previous GI symptoms.
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to treat mild-to-moderate pain, fever, and inflammation from various causes. Aspirin inhibits platelet aggregation and blood clotting, and is also used as prophylaxis to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke that occur from blood clots. Do not take aspirin if you have bleeding gastrointestinal ulcers, ulcerative colitis, or hemorrhoids. Consult your doctor before taking aspirin if pregnant, as there is fetal risk when taken in the last trimester of pregnancy.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
16 Surprising Headache Triggers and Tips for Pain Relief
Do you have frequent headaches? Learn the most common headache triggers for tension headaches, sinus headaches, cluster headaches...
What Happens After a Stroke? Signs, Symptoms, Types
What is a stroke? Learn about the different types of stroke, as well as many symptoms like sudden numbness or weakness,...
Pain-Relief Tips for Bumps, Bruises, Sprains, and Strains in Pictures
View this First Aid slideshow on Care and Pain Relief. See how to get pain relief if you've bumped your head, sprained your...
Blood Clots: 4 Signs You Could Have One
Blood clots can be deadly medical emergencies that can form in different parts of your body. Learn the warning signs that you...
Pain Management: Surprising Causes of Pain
What's causing your pain? Learn the common causes of lower back pain, as well as pain in the knee, stomach, kidney, shoulder,...
Migraine or Tension Headache? Symptoms, Triggers, Treatments
What does a migraine headache feel like compared to a tension headache? Learn to spot migraine symptoms early, how to identify...
Pain Management: Knee Pain Dos and Don'ts
Your knees go through a lot in the course of a day, and sometimes they can run into trouble. Here are a few things you can do...
Nerve Pain: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options
Learn about nerve pain symptoms, causes, and treatment options. Discover medications and natural remedies to relieve nerve pain.
Pain Management: 15 Easy Ways to Reduce Chronic Pain
Chronic pain can be a symptom of many conditions, including arthritis, headaches, and others. Comprehensive chronic pain...
Chronic Pain Syndrome: Treatment and Management for CPS
Do you suffer from excruciating pain? What is chronic pain syndrome (CPS)? See causes, symptoms and treatment options, including...
Pain: Why Does My Head Ache?
Find out what's behind your headache, and get some strategies to bring you relief for your pain.
Pain Management: Signs Your Muscle Pain Is Something Else
Could your achy muscles be a sign of more than a tough workout? Learn when a twinge might warrant a visit to the doctor's office.
Pain Management: One-Move Fixes for Pain and Stress
A quick stretch, yoga pose, or on-the-spot exercise can help fix sudden aches from head to toe. Learn how to quash pain with just...
What Foods Cause Headaches and Migraines?
Foods that can trigger and cause headaches and migraines include chocolate, alcohol, cheese and more. Learn how to adjust your...
Pain Management: Why Does My Calf Muscle Hurt?
There's a group of muscles on the back of each lower leg that doctors call "calf muscles." They play a key role in helping you...
Pain Management: All About CBD Oil
Cannabidiol oil: It's made from marijuana and everyone seems to be talking about it. But what is it, and what does it really do?
Migraine and Headaches: Top Migraine Hacks
A migraine can be more than just a whopping headache. Try these self-care tips for relief before and after it hits.
Migraine Headaches: Test Your Medical IQ
Is it a headache or a migraine? Learn what a migraine is, causes, symptoms, treatments, and at-home remedies.
Stroke Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take the Stroke Quiz to learn about stroke risks, causes, treatment, and most importantly, prevention.
Headaches Quiz: Learn About Headache Pain
If you're plagued with headaches, our Headaches Quiz may help you identify causes, triggers, symptoms, and treatments for...
Pain Quiz: Test Your IQ of Pain
Is pain all in the brain? Take the Pain Quiz to learn everything you've ever wanted to know about the unpleasant sensation we...
Pain Management: Visual Guide to Frozen Shoulder
It's got nothing to do with cold weather. It means your shoulder is jammed up. WebMD guides you through the causes of frozen...
Picture of Blood Clot
Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. See a picture of Blood Clot and learn more about the health topic.
Pain Management: All About Your Knees
They do their job so well that you might take them for granted. Learn how they're put together, what can go wrong with them, and...
Migraine Headaches: 14 Non-Drug Treatments for Migraines
Learn about 14 non-drug treatments for migraines. Acupuncture, biofeedback and massage therapy are among this list of non-drug...
Migraines and Headaches: Remedies That Can Either Help or Hurt a Migraine
Which home remedies are good or bad for migraine headaches? Some can go either way. Learn more about getting migraine relief at...
Migraines and Headaches: 8 Surprising Health Benefits of Pet Ownership for Migraines
Is it healthy to own a pet when you have migraines? Learn more about the health benefits of dogs, cats, and other pets for people...
Pain Management: Ergonomic Tips for a Home Office
Are you working at home? Find out how to set up a workspace to prevent stiffness, protect your muscles and joints, and avoid...
Related Disease Conditions
Are Blood Clots Normal in Early Pregnancy?
Around 15-20% of pregnant women experience bleeding during the first trimester. Light bleeding can be normal, but heavy bleeding or clots can indicate something more serious. Always let your doctor or midwife know if you're experiencing any bleeding.
What Causes Headaches at the Back of the Head?
Headaches in the back of the head can have a number of different causes; it might only be due to a minor injury or it can be a secondary symptom of other problems in the body. The type and location of the pain can play a crucial role in diagnosing the cause of headaches.
What Is Considered Stroke-Level High Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure readings above 180/120 mmHg are considered stroke-level, dangerously high, and require immediate medical attention.
Blood Clots (in the Leg)
Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins, bladder, urinary tract, and uterus. Risk factors include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and family history. Symptoms and treatment depend on the location of the clot.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking, or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT, Blood Clot in the Legs)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in the deep veins, and can be caused by broken bones, trauma to a limb, immobility, medications, smoking, cancer, genetic predisposition, and cancer. Symptoms of a deep vein thrombosis in a leg are swelling, tenderness, redness, warmth, and pain. Treatments for DVT include medications and surgery.
Heat Stroke (A Very Serious Condition)
Heat stroke (heatstroke or sun stroke) is a form of hyperthermia. Heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if not promptly and properly treated. Symptoms of heat stroke include high body temperature, absence of sweating, hot red or flushed dry skin, rapid pulse, difficulty breathing, strange behavior, hallucinations, confusion, agitation, disorientation, seizure, and coma. A victim of heat stroke must receive immediate treatment to avoid permanent organ damage.
14 Warning Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke FAST
Stroke is a serious medical condition. If you think you or someone you know is having a stroke call 911 immediately. There are two main types of strokes, hemorrhagic and ischemic (the most common type). A hemorrhagic stroke occurs due to a blood vessel rupture in the brain. An ischemic stroke occurs when a blood clot becomes lodged in a blood vessel in the brain, which causes a loss of blood supply to the brain, possibly causing brain tissue death. FAST is an acronym that helps people identify stroke signs and symptoms so they can act fast and call 911. Face drooping, Arm weakness, and Speech difficulty are indicators that a person may be having a stroke and it is Time to seek emergency medical treatment. Additional signs and symptoms of stroke may include weakness, difficulty walking, blurred vision, dizziness, headache, confusion, difficulty speaking, and loss of sensation. Stroke is a major cause of death and disability in the U.S. Early identification and treatment of stroke helps reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality.
Stroke vs. Mini-Stroke (TIA) Differences
A stroke or "brain attack" occurs when a blood clot or artery ruptures within the brain. The rupture or clot causes brain cell damage or death. A mini-stroke (TIA, transient ischemic attack) is caused by brain cells that dysfunctional over a short period. Stroke and mini-stroke warning signs of stroke and mini stroke are the same, and include, speech problems, weakness, numbness, and facial droop. Side effects of stroke may be permanent and you may never regain full function of the parts of the body affected. Mini-stroke side effects usually resolve within minutes to a couple of days. A transient ischemic attack (mini-stroke) is a precursor for stroke because 40% of individuals who have a mini-stroke will have a stroke within a year. Treatment of stroke depends upon the type and parts of the body affected.
What Does Big Blood Clots in Period Mean?
It is normal to pass blood clots occasionally during menstruation; however, frequently passing large blood clots could be a sign of any underlying issue.
Can a Person Survive a Hemorrhagic Stroke?
A hemorrhagic stroke is a serious medical emergency and should be treated immediately. While survival rates are low, there are ways to improve your chances. Learn how to spot hemorrhagic symptoms, what causes them, and how they can be treated.
Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung)
A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery in the lung where it blocks the artery and damages the lung. The most common symptoms of a pulmonary embolism are shortness of breath, chest pain, and a rapid heart rate. Causes of pulmonary embolism include prolonged immobilization, certain medications, smoking, cancer, pregnancy, and surgery. Pulmonary embolism can cause death if not treated promptly.
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke)
When a portion of the brain loses blood supply, through a blood clot or embolus, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, mini-stroke) may occur. If the symptoms do not resolve, a stroke most likely has occurred. Symptoms of TIA include: confusion, weakness, lethargy, and loss of function to one side of the body. Risk factors for TIA include vascular disease, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Treatment depends upon the severity of the TIA, and whether it resolves.
Pain Management and Rheumatoid Arthritis
Second Source article from WebMD
What Is the Difference Between Ischemic Stroke and Hemorrhagic Stroke?
A stroke is a serious medical event that can have lasting consequences. Learn more about the two primary types of strokes and how to recognize the symptoms.
Headache Home Remedies
Headaches are a common complaint for many people. There are many types of headaches such as migraine, tension, cluster, and the general run of the mill headache. These 17 natural home remedies -- for example, exercise, meditation, hydration, yoga, caffeine, essential oils such as lavender and butterbur, herbs, and supplements like magnesium -- can soothe and relieve some headaches.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
How Can You Tell the Difference Between Bell's Palsy and a Stroke?
Bell's palsy and stroke have similar symptoms, but they are two very different conditions. Learn more about what makes them different, recognize each's symptoms, and how to treat both.
What Are the Causes of a Headache Behind the Eyes?
A headache behind the eyes is an uncomfortable sensation that is felt around or on the back of the eye, which may or may not be a throbbing ache. Causes of headaches behind the eyes include tension headaches, migraines, cluster headaches, sinus headaches, occipital neuralgia, brain aneurysm, Grave's disease, scleritis, dry eyes, vision problems, eye strain and poor posture.
Sinus Headache Pain, Symptoms, Treatments, Remedies, and Cures
Sinus headache is caused by a sinus infection or inflammation of the sinus cavities. Symptoms of a sinus headache include pain, runny or stuffy nose, and chronic cough. There are many causes of sinus headaches including sinusitis or sinus infection, allergies, smoke, infections, or colds. Treatment for sinus headache depends on the cause. Some home remedies may relieve sinus headache pain symptoms.
Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
Is It Normal to Have Headaches in Second Trimester Pregnancy?
Many women experience headaches during pregnancy. Headaches tend to be worse during the first trimester and they get better in the second and third trimesters although some women still experience headaches during the second trimester.
How Serious Is a Blood Clot in the Lungs?
A blood clot is a solid or semisolid clump of blood. When the tissues of our body are injured, excessive blood loss is prevented by the clotting of blood. When a blood clot occurs inside the blood vessels it may lead to serious medical conditions. When a blood clot occurs inside the arteries to the lungs, the condition is called pulmonary embolism (PE).
Occipital Neuralgia (Headache)
Occipital neuralgia is a type of headache that involves inflammation or irritation of occipital nerves. Signs and symptoms include a stabbing and throbbing head pain, and an aching pain in the upper back of the head and neck. Potential causes include infection, irritation, or trauma of the occipital nerves. This type of headache is diagnosed by physical examination findings and imaging tests. Treatment involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes massage, rest, physical therapy, heat, muscle relaxants, and anti-inflammatory drugs. Invasive procedures and even surgery may be considered if first-line treatments fail to bring relief from the chronic pain of this type of headache.
How Long Does Headache Last With COVID-19?
COVID-19 headaches typically last for a few days, although the duration depends on your age, immune system, and overall health condition.
Fever and Headache
Illnesses, diseases, conditions, and infections like cancer, RA, bacterial and fungal infections, encephalitis, meningitis, flu, and colds can cause a headache and fever. Associated symptoms and signs include rash, nausea and vomiting, cough, sweating, neck stiffness, seizure, decreased appetite, and joint pain and swelling. Treatment depends upon the cause but may include antibiotics, antifungal or antiviral drugs, pain-control drugs, decongestants, and cough suppressants.
Tension Headache (Symptoms, Relief, Causes, Treatment)
A tension headache s one of the most common types of headaches, and the exact cause is not known. Factors that may contribute to tension or stress headaches are lack of sleep, increased stress (referred to as a stress headache), skipping meals, dehydration, medical diseases or conditions, anxiety, or changes at home, work, or school. Treatment of tension headaches include prescription and OTC medications, stress management, and treating any underlying illness or condition.
Can Drinking Water Help Prevent a Stroke?
Many studies have proven that proper hydration at the time of a stroke is linked to better stroke recovery. It is possible that dehydration causes blood to be thicker. Viscous blood causes the body to retain sodium and increases blood pressure. Drinking enough water regularly prevents dehydration. This may play a role in keeping the blood less viscous, which in turn prevents a stroke.
Cluster headaches are a type of headache that recurs over a period. Episodes can last one to three times a day during this time, which may last from 2 weeks to 3 months. The three main types of treatments for cluster headaches are, 1) Abortive medications that work to stop the process in the brain that causes migraines and stops the symptoms too. 2) Preventive prescription medications, or 3) surgery which involves blocking the trigeminal nerve.
Heart Attack vs. Stroke Symptoms, Differences, and Similarities
Heart attack usually is caused by a clot that stops blood flow supplying oxygen to an area of heart muscle, which results in heart muscle death. Stroke or "brain attack" is caused by a loss of blood supply to the brain (usually a blood clot) or by hemorrhagic stroke (bleeding within the brain), which results in brain tissue death. Both heart attack and stroke usually come on suddenly, produce similar symptoms, can be disabling, and can be fatal. The classic symptoms and warning signs of heart attack are different. Classic heart attack warning signs are chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, pain that radiates to the shoulders, back, arms, belly, jaw, or teeth, sweating, fainting, and nausea and vomiting. Moreover, woman having a heart attack may have additional symptoms like abdominal pain or discomfort, dizziness, clammy skin, and moderate to severe fatigue. The classic symptoms and warning signs that a person is having a stroke are confusion or loss of consciousness, sudden severe headache, speech problems, problems seeing out of one or both eyes, and numbness or weakness of only one side of the body. Moreover, a woman having a stroke may have additional warning symptom and signs like shortness of breath, disorientation, agitation, behavioral changes, weakness, nausea, vomiting, seizures, and hiccups. Recognition of stroke symptoms is vital for emergency treatment. The acronym "FAST" stands for recognition of Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, and a Time for action. If you experience the symptoms heart attack or stroke (FAST) or see them develop in another person, then contact 911 immediately.
How Can You Prevent a Stroke From Happening?
Strokes occur due to the obstruction of blood flow to the brain. Some irreversible factors, such as age and family history, are likely to increase the risk of stroke. These factors cannot be modified. However, many such preventable or modifiable factors can help prevent strokes.
What Is the Difference Between a Thrombus and a Blood Clot?
What makes a thrombus different from a blood clot? Learn about the differences between a thrombus and a blood clot, and how these conditions are treated.
What Is the Most Common Treatment for Chronic Pain?
Chronic pain is long-lasting and persistent and lasts for months or years. The most common treatments for chronic pain are NSAIDs, acetaminophen, COX-2 inhibitors, antidepressants and anti-seizure medicines, and opioids.
Migraine and Stroke
Migraine headache is a type of headache in which the exact cause is not known; however, they may be inherited, and certain foods and environmental factors can trigger and may contribute them. A stroke (brain attack) happens when a blood vessel in the brain leaks, bursts, or becomes blocked, which can be caused by many other health problems. Both migraines and strokes can can cause severe head pain (migraine pain usually is only on one side of the head). Migraine aura symptoms may mimic or feel like a stroke or mini-stroke (transient ischemic attack, TIA) because they have similar symptoms and signs like severe headache, numbness in the legs, feet, arms, hands, or face, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. Other migraine aura symptoms include vision problems like flashing lights or blind spots in one eye. The main difference between migraine headache and stroke symptoms and signs is that a migraine headaches usually come on gradually while a stroke symptoms come on suddenly and unexpectedly.
Is Aspirin an Anti-Inflammatory?
Aspirin is an anti-inflammatory drug that falls under a drug class called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Aspirin is used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation and fever. In low doses, it can also be used as a preventative measure against heart attack and stroke.
Stroke vs Aneurysm (Differences and Similarities)
A stroke or "brain attack" is caused because blood flow to an area of the brain has been cut off by a blood clot or by a weakened or damaged blood vessel (for example, head trauma). The damaged area of the brain dies, which results in loss of function like speech capabilities, muscle movement, or muscles of an extremity like an arm or leg is reduced or lost completely. An aneurysm is a weakness in an artery wall. This weakness in the wall causes the artery to widen or balloon out, and then they rupture or break open.
How Do You Know If You Have a Blood Clot in Your Leg?
Blood clots are clumps of blood formed when the blood changes from a fluid to a semisolid form. When a blood clot is formed in one of the large veins in the legs or arms, the condition is called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). A blot clot in your leg can hamper the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the affected area. An untreated DVT may cause the clot to grow bigger and break in small pieces that can travel to other organs, such as the heart and lungs, causing serious consequences.
How Long Does Headache Last After Thunderclap?
Thunderclap headache is an extremely painful headache that begins suddenly and peaks with intensity within seconds. These headaches can last for at least 5 minutes.
What Does Aspirin Do to Your Body?
Aspirin works by lowering the symptoms of inflammation, such as pain or swelling, as well as it helps promote blood flow in the body.
Migraine vs. Headache: Differences and Similarities
Headaches are the most common reason why a person goes to the doctor or other healthcare professional for treatment. There are different types of headaches, for example, migraine, tension, and cluster headaches. The most common type of headache is tension headache. Migraine is much less common. There are few similarities between migraine and other headaches, for example, the severity of the pain can be the same, mild, moderate, or severe; and they can occur on one side or both sides of the head. However, there are many differences between migraine and other types of headaches. Migraine headaches also have different names, for example, migraine with aura and menstrual migraine. Symptoms of migraine that usually aren't experienced by a person with another type of headache include nausea, vomiting, worsens with mild exercise, debilitating pain, eye pain, throbbing head pain. Migraine trigger include light, mild exercise, strong smells, certain foods like red wine, aged cheese, smoked meats, artificial sweeteners, chocolate, alcohol, and dairy products, menstrual period, stress, oversleeping, and changes in barometric pressure. Untreated migraine attacks usually last from 4 to 72 hours, but may last for weeks. Most headaches resolve within 24-48 hours. Doctors don't know exactly what causes migraine headaches; however, other headaches like tension headaches have more specific triggers and causes. Additional tests usually are required to diagnose migraine from other types of headaches, diseases, or other medical problems. Most headaches can be treated and cured with home remedies like essential oils, massage, and over-the-counter pain medication like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn) or ibuprofen (Advil, Midol, Motrin). Most headaches resolve with OTC and home remedy treatment, while your doctor may need to prescribe medication to treat your migraines. If you have the "worst headache of your life," seek medical care immediately.
What Does a Pseudotumor Cerebri Headache Feel Like?
Pseudotumor cerebri headaches usually feel like a headache that occurs at the back of the head or behind the eyes. The pain starts as a dull, aching pain that worsens at night or in the morning. They may be associated with vomiting as well. Patients may also eventually develop visual problems and blindness due to inflammation of the optic nerve.
Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain
Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women undergoing natural menopause, the process is described in three stages: perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause. However, not all women undergo natural menopause. Some women experience induced menopause as a result of surgery or medical treatments, such as chemotherapy and pelvic radiation therapy.
What Does a Blood Clot Feel Like?
Blood clots are semi-solid masses of blood that may be immobile (thrombosis) and impede blood flow or dislodge to other parts of the body (embolism). Deep vein clots, if dislodged, can travel through veins through the lungs to the arteries in the lungs. This is referred to as a pulmonary embolism and can be deadly. Blood clots can also lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Does New Daily Persistent Headache Ever Go Away?
New daily persistent headache (NDPH) does not have a specific treatment, however, certain medication, behavioral therapy and stress management may help patients get better.
What are the 5 Warning Signs of a Stroke?
What is a stroke and what should you do if someone you know has one? Learn the signs of stroke and what to do if you think you're having one.
Stroke is the third leading killer in the United States. Some of the warning signs of stroke include sudden confusion, trouble seeing with one or both eyes, dizziness, loss of balance, and more. Stroke prevention and reatable risk factors for stroke include lowering high blood pressure, quit smoking, heart disease, diabetes control and prevention.
What Kind of Headache Comes With COVID?
COVID-19 headache is described as a really tight, squeezing sensation that gets worse with coughing and physical activity.
Aneurysm vs Stroke: Which Is Worse?
What is the difference between an aneurysm and a stroke?
Types of Strokes
A stroke, also called cerebrovascular accident (CVA), occurs when the blood supply is cut off or reduced to a part of the brain. There are five main types of strokes, and the causes and clinical presentation of each of them vary
How Can I Strengthen My Arm and Hand After a Stroke?
Strengthening your arm or hands after a stroke is helpful for both pain treatments and the prevention of further injury. There are therapies that you might help you strengthen your arm.
Warning Signs of a Stroke
Signs of a stroke may sometimes go unnoticed initially and gradually progress. Sometimes, the signs of a stroke may appear suddenly.
What Triggers Tension Headaches?
A tension headache is the most common type of headache seen in adults. A tension headache is also called a tension-type headache (TTH) or stress headaches. It is usually associated with muscle tightness in the head, scalp or neck. A tension headache is so common that we often consider it a normal occurrence. There are two types of tension headaches: Episodic tension headaches and chronic tension headaches.
Can NMO Cause Headaches?
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) also known as Devic disease is a rare yet severe disease. In this condition, antibodies (proteins) are produced against the cells in the central nervous system. It specifically affects the myelin, which is the insulation sheath around the nerves.
What Is the Best Essential Oil for Headaches?
Using essential oils to help relieve pain from headaches depends on the type, such as peppermint and lavender oil is best for migraine relief.
Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain
Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) or the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord).
A spinal tap or an epidural block can cause a spinal headache. In these procedures, a needle is placed within the fluid-filled space surrounding the spinal cord. This creates a passage for the spinal fluid to leak out, changing the fluid pressure around the brain and spinal cord. A spinal headache may occur up to five days after the procedure is performed. Such a headache may be prevented with bed rest after a procedure.
When to Call the Doctor for Your Headache?
Almost everyone must have experienced a headache at some point in their life. The most common reasons for your headache are migraines, tension headaches, cluster headaches, and sinus headaches. Headache is also most often experienced in some common viral infections such as the flu or even in something as simple as the cold.
Headaches in Children
Kids get headaches and migraines too. Many adults with headaches started having them as kids, in fact, 20% of adult headache sufferers say their headaches started before age 10, and 50% report their headaches started before age 20.
What Could Headache Be a Sign of?
Medically, headache is not a sign; it is a symptom. It can occur as a separate entity (primary headache) or as a symptom of various underlying conditions (secondary headache).
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Blood Clot
- Chronic Pain
- Spinal Headache
- Chronic Pain: Implantable Pain Control Devices
- Headaches: Living With Chronic Daily Headaches
- Mind-Body-Pain Connection: How Does It Work?
- Tension Headache
- Chronic Pain Treatments for Mind and Body
- Cluster Headache
- Sinus Headache
- Chronic Pain: Dealing With Back and Neck Pain
- Pain Management
- Pain Management: Dealing with Back Pain
- Chronic Pain and Fatigue - What You Can Do
- Meditation for Stress and Pain with Karen Eastman, Ph.D., Lobsang Rapgay, Ph.D., and Lonnie Zeltz
- Pain Management: Painkiller Addiction
- Migraine & Headache Q & A
- NSAIDs: FDA Warning on Bextra, Celebrex
- Headaches and Migraine: Easing the Pain -- Seymour Diamond, MD
- Pain Management: Routes to Relief
- Pain: Managing the Pains and Aches of Office Life
- Pain Awareness and Management
- Headaches FAQs
- Stroke FAQs
- Pain FAQs
- Migraine Headaches FAQs
- Migraine Headache Treatment
- What Is a Massive Stroke?
- Surviving a Stroke
- Alzheimer's Disease - NSAID Protection?
- Pulmonary Embolism -Lung Blood Clot Risk Factors In Women
- Heatstroke - Hot Time!...Summer In The City
- Cancer,Stroke & Heart Attack Risks- ReducedThrough Walking
- Heart Health- Little Aspirin A Day Stops Big Heart Attack!
- Ramipril, Heart Disease, Stroke & Diabetes
- Heart Disease & Stroke - Progress
- Higher Chance of Blood Clots Forming?
- tissue valve and taking aspirin?
- Chondroitin & Glucosamine & NSAID's
- Pain Management: OTC NSAIDs - Doctors Dialogue
- Proven measures to prevent heart attacks and strokes?
- Pain Management Over-The-Counter
- Gout & Aspirin
- Heart Disease Stroke and Diabetes
- Diabetes - An Aspirin A Day
- Pain (Acute and Chronic)
- The Cox-2 Inhibitors Controversy: Q&A with Dr. Shiel
- Painful Periods Related to Stress
- Headache: Questions To Ask Your Doctor About Headaches
- Stroke: Recognizing a Stroke - Three Commands for the Victim
- Pain and Stress: Endorphins: Natural Pain and Stress Fighters
- How Pie Prevents Blood Clots
- TIA (Mini Stroke) Symptoms: A Trip to the ER
- Brain Cancer Symptoms: Headaches and Seizures
- The Worst Headache of Your Life: Brain Hemorrhage Symptoms
- Doctors Answer Pain Questions
- Does Aspirin Make Ulcers Worse?
- Can Gallbladder Problems Cause Blood Clots?
- Do NSAIDs Interact With Coumadin?
- What Pain Medication Can I Take While on Warfarin?
- Can Headaches Be a Sign of Throat Cancer?
- Do Some People Have Higher Pain Tolerance?
- What Is Breakthrough Pain?
- How to Treat Rebound Headaches
- Does Aspirin Cause Gout?
- Can Alcohol Injections in the Eye Nerves Stop Headaches?
- Ibuprofen May Block Aspirin's Heart Benefits
- Is It a Stroke or a TIA (Mini Stroke)?
- Stroke Symptoms - Typical
- Stroke Treatment
- Pain Relievers and High Blood Pressure
- Stroke Symptoms
- Headaches from Food: The Connection
Prevention & Wellness
Pain Management Resources
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.