Asperger's Syndrome: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 10/30/2020

Asperger's syndrome is the name formerly given to a condition on the autism spectrum. Asperger's syndrome is characterized by a degree of impairment in language and communication skills and repetitive or restrictive thoughts or behaviors. Many people with a diagnosis of Asperger's syndrome were considered to have a high-functioning form of autism. Today, the term is not used medically, and the condition is referred to as an autism spectrum disorder.

The most common symptom of Asperger's syndrome is the obsessive interest in a single object or topic. Other signs and symptoms may vary in severity among those affected. Associated symptoms and signs can include

Causes of Asperger's syndrome

The cause of Asperger's syndrome is unknown.

Other asperger's syndrome symptoms and signs

  • Anger
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Intense Interest in a Limited Number of Things
  • Learning Disability
  • Obsessive Interest in a Single Topic or Object
  • Persistent Repetition of Words or Actions
  • Poor Coordination
  • Repetitive Movements
  • Social Isolation
  • Tics


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Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.