Artificial sweeteners are considered nonnutritive sweeteners because they provide no calories when consumed. There are many forms of artificial sweeteners, including Splenda (sucralose), Sweet'N Low (saccharin), Equal and Nutrasweet (aspartame), acesulfame K and neotame. Read more: Artificial Sweeteners Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Sugar Addiction Facts: Cravings, Hidden Sugar, and More in Pictures
Learn about sugar addiction to see why we often crave sweets and binge on carbs. Learn how sugar affects the brain and get tips...
Urinary Incontinence: Foods and Drinks That Cause Overactive Bladder
What causes overactive bladder (OAB)? A natural remedy is to avoid caffeine, alcohol, and these foods. Learn the foods and...
Sugar Quiz: Facts on Diet & Sugar
Sugar lurks in surprising places. Take the Sugar Quiz to learn of the many ways sugar sneaks into your diet and see what you know...
Diabetes Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take the Diabetes Quiz and learn the causes, signs, symptoms, and types of this growing epidemic. What does diabetes have to do...
Related Disease Conditions
Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence)
Gas (intestinal gas) means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching, burping, or farting (flatulence). Bloating or abdominal distension is a subjective feeling that the stomach is larger or fuller than normal. Belching or burping occurs when gas is expelled from the stomach out through the mouth. Flatulence or farting occurs when intestinal gas is passed from the anus. Causes of belching or burping include drinking too rapidly, anxiety, carbonated drinks, habit, and swallowing air. Learn about causes of intestinal gas, foods that cause gas and bloating, treatments that reduce excessive gas and soothe gas pain, and much more.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal) disorder with signs and symptoms that include abdominal pain, bloating, increased gas (flatulence), abdominal cramping, diarrhea, constipation, and food intolerance.Two new tests are now available that may help diagnose irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea and constipation (IBS-M) irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D), and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). Treatment for IBS includes diet changes, medications, and other lifestyle changes to manage symptoms.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal urgency. Causes of diarrhea include viral, bacterial, or parasite infection, gastroenteritis, food poisoning, and drugs. Absorbents and anti-motility medications are used to treat diarrhea.
Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are more than 20% over their ideal weight. That ideal weight must take into account the person's height, age, sex, and build.
Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
IBS Triggers (Prevention)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disease that can affect the quality of those who suffer from this condition. People with IBS can make lifestyle changes that may modify or control the number and severity of episodes. Certain foods, medications, and hormone levels may trigger IBS episodes, for example fatty foods, dairy products, eating foods in large quantities, foods that contain high levels of sorbitol, foods that produce intestinal gas (broccoli, onions, cabbage, and beans), chocolate, caffeine, physiological stress, some antibiotics, some antidepressants, medicine with sorbitol, and menstrual pain. Exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes can decrease IBS flares, and prevent the number and severity of IBS episodes of diarrhea and constipation.
Cancer Risk Factors
Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase a person's odds of developing cancer. These risk factors include growing older, family history of cancer, diet, alcohol and tobacco use, and exposure to sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals, and some viruses and bacteria.
Treatment for bladder cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the grade of the tumor, and the type of bladder cancer. Options for treatment include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biological therapy.
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that is inherited. PKU disorder increases the levels of phenylalanine in the blood. Phenylalanine is an amino acid that is obtained through diet, and is found in some artificial sweeteners. Signs and symptoms of PKU may vary from mild to severe, and may include: Behavioral problems Developmental delays Autism Seizures PKU has an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance.
Though human milk is the preferred feeding for infants, parents may consider formula-feeding if there is an inadequate supply of breast milk, the baby sucks inefficiently, the parents want to monitor how much the baby is receiving, or the mother is taking medications that are unsafe for the baby and may be passed through the breast milk.
Why Is Aspartame Bad?
According to research, adverse effects of aspartame only occur at very high concentrations not generally achieved by daily consumption. Consuming large amounts of aspartame is bad because it may cause headaches, weight gain, diabetes, phenylketonuria, heart disease, dementia and other health effects.
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- Restricting Promotions of Sweet Foods Cuts Sugar, Not Profits: Study
- Is a Switch to Artificial Sweeteners a Healthy Move?
- Pediatricians' Group Calls for More Research on Artificial Sweeteners
- Why Diet Sodas Aren't the Answer for Your Sugary Drink Cravings
- Diet Sodas May Not Help Kids Cut Calories
- Will Sugar Substitutes Help You Lose Weight?
- Could Diet Sodas Raise an Older Woman's Stroke Risk?
- No Evidence No-Cal Sweeteners Will Help You Lose Weight: Study
- Artificial Sweeteners Won't Affect Your Blood Sugar: Study
- Could Artificial Sweeteners Raise Your Diabetes Risk?
- Artificial Sweeteners Trick the Brain: Study
- Could Artificial Sweeteners Raise Your Odds for Obesity?
- Reset Your Taste Buds for Less Sugar
- Do Diet Sodas Pose Health Risks?
- Artificial Sweeteners During Pregnancy May Make for Heavier Infants
- Coffee, Wine Good for Healthy Gut, Sodas May Be Bad
- Gradual Decline in Soda's Sugar Content Might Help Curb Obesity
- Sweetened Drinks Might Raise Men's Risk for Heart Failure
- Cutting Certain Carbs Might Not Ease Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Diet Sodas Linked to Widening Waistlines in Seniors: Study
- Love Coffee? Your Heart May, Too
- Surprises in Proposed New Dietary Guidelines
- Could Artificial Sweeteners Cause Weight Gain?
- FDA Should Work to Cut Sugar Levels in Sodas, Experts Say
- Diets High in Fructose May Harm Liver in Some, Scientists Warn
- NYC Ban on Super-Sized Sodas Would Cut Consumers' Calories: Study
- Sugar Substitutes Can Lead to Weight Loss
- U.S. Schools Throwing the Book at Unhealthy Drinks
- Health Tip: What Triggers Your Migraines?
- Could Compound in Artificial Sweeteners Worsen Crohn's Disease?
- A Common Organic Sweetener May Boost Arsenic Levels in Foods
- Study: Too Much Sugar in Drinks Marketed to Kids
- Group Wants Ban on 2 Types of Caramel Coloring in Sodas
- Water May Be Secret Weapon in Weight Loss