Styes are caused by bacterial infections in the oil glands of the eyelid. However, stress and lack of sleep can increase the risk of getting an eye stye by lowering immunity and making the body more susceptible to infection:
- Stress can induce the production of stress hormones, such as norepinephrine. Norepinephrine gets converted into a substance called 3, 4-dihydroxymandelic acid, which can attract bacteria toward body parts susceptible to infection.
- Stress can disrupt sleep patterns, and lack of sleep can lower the amount of immune cells responsible for fighting infections.
- Stress can make you feel fatigued, which can lead to poor eye hygiene such as not removing your makeup before bed or not washing your hands before touching your eyes.
What is a stye?
A stye, also called hordeolum, is a red, painful bump that forms either inside or outside the eyelid. There are two kinds:
- External: Starts at the base of the eyelash and looks like a pimple.
- Internal: Starts in the oil-producing gland in the eyelid.
Sometimes, styes can be confused with chalazions, which also form in the eyelid. A chalazion, however, is a painless bump that develops further back on the eyelid unlike a stye is not caused by a bacterial infection.
What increases your risk of getting eye stye?
In addition to stress and lack of sleep, other factors that increase the risk of developing styes include:
- Poor hygiene habits:
- Not removing eye makeup before sleep
- Touching eyes without washing hands
- Not disinfecting contact lenses or using infected contact lenses
- Sharing cosmetics
- Using expired cosmetics
- Sharing clothes, face towels, or glasses with people who have styes
- Hormonal changes
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Other conditions:
How can you prevent eye styes?
- Wash hands thoroughly before touching the face
- Avoid rubbing the eyes
- Clean contact lenses before and after use with disinfectant and lens cleaning solution
- Remove contact lenses before going to sleep
- Discard all expired eye makeup products
- Wipe off all makeup before going to bed
- Never share cosmetics and contact lenses with others
- Eat a balanced diet
- Never share towels or clothes with someone who has a stye
- Get regular eye checkups
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
WebMD. Chalazion. https://www.webmd.com/eye-health/qa/how-is-a-chalazion-diagnosed
American Academy of Ophthalmology. Are styes in the eye contagious? https://www.aao.org/eye-health/ask-ophthalmologist-q/styes-contagious
Cleveland Clinic. Stye. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17658-sty-stye/prevention
Cleveland Clinic. Styes — How to Treat Them, How to Avoid Them. https://health.clevelandclinic.org/styes-can-avoid-best-treatment-tips/
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How Do I Get Rid of a Stye Overnight?It is usually not possible to get rid of a stye completely overnight, but there are several ways that can fasten the healing.
How Long Does It Take for a Stye to Go Away?A stye, also known as a hordeolum, is a red, painful bump that forms either inside or outside the eyelid. An eye stye is mainly caused by a bacterial infection. A stye usually resolves in about seven days. However, some cases of stye require medical help. A stye may be sometimes confused with a chalazion. A chalazion is a painless bump that is on the eyelid. A chalazion, unlike a stye, is not caused by a bacterial infection.
How to Get Rid of a Stye? 8 Home Remedies and TreatmentsA stye is a bacterial infection that causes small, painful lumps outside or around the eyelids. They only last one or two weeks. They often resemble a pimple or boil. While styes are not usually serious, they may be painful and cause frequent water from the eyes.
Is a Sty Contagious?A sty is an infected eyelash hair follicle or meibomian gland. Staph causes most styes. Styes can be treated at home with warm compresses that usually facilitate the drainage of the infection.
Stress QuizStress creeps into everyone's life at one time or another, while some people will suffer from poorly managed chronic stress. If you're suffering, there are things you can do. Take the Stress Quiz to learn what you can do to beat the long-term effects of chronic stress.
Sty (Stye)A sty is a bump that forms on the eyelid as a result of a blocked gland. Styes may be caused by infections, burns, or trauma to the eyelid. Most styes resolve on their own. The application of warm compresses can speed healing. In some cases, steroid injection or incision and drainage may be necessary. Keeping the area clean and consuming a diet high in omega-3-fatty acids may help prevent the formation of styes.
Sty (Stye) PictureA sty (sometimes spelled stye) is a tender, painful red bump located at the base of an eyelash or inside the eyelid. See a picture of Sty (Stye) and learn more about the health topic.
What Causes a Stye in Your Eye?A stye is caused when bacteria infect these glands and can occur without an identifiable initiating event. It is a red, painful bump that might appear like a pimple. An external stye, the one appearing on the outside of the upper or lower eyelid, is more common than an internal stye that appears on the inside of the upper or lower eyelid.