Anal Cancer

Medically Reviewed on 2/10/2020

Anal cancer, cancer located at the end of the large intestine, has symptoms that include anal or rectal bleeding, anal pain or pressure, anal discharge or itching, a change in bowel movements, and/or a lump in the anal region. Treatment for anal cancer may involve radiation, chemotherapy, or surgery and depends upon the stage of the cancer, its location, whether cancer is eradicated after the first treatment, and whether the patient has HIV.

Anal cancer is usually curable when found localized. Early detection remains the key to long-term survival as it is in many forms of cancer.

Facts

Cancer that develops at the end of the gastrointestinal tract is called anal cancer. A lump in the anus, changes in bowel movements, and anal bleeding, discharge, and itching are signs and symptoms of anal cancer. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery are treatment options for anal cancer. Anal cancer is more likely to be curable with early detection and surgery.

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