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- What is amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
- Is amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
- What are the side effects of amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
- What is the dosage for amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
- Is amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
What is amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Perphenazine/amitriptyline is a combination of an antipsychotic and an antidepressant. Perphenazine is an antipsychotic that works in the brain and nervous system. Its exact mechanism of action is unknown. Amitriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant. It is believed that in some patients with depression, abnormal levels of neurotransmitters (chemicals that nerves use to communicate with each other) may be related to their depression. Amitriptyline elevates mood by raising the level of neurotransmitters in nerves in the brain. The FDA approved perphenazine/amitriptyline in September 1969.
What brand names are available for amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
Etrafon (no longer available in the US)
What are the side effects of amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
Side effects of Perphenazine/amitriptyline are abnormal muscle contractions, difficulty breathing and swallowing, neck spasms, and movement abnormalities on face, arms, and legs. This medication also causes dizziness, drowsiness, sedation, irregular heart rate and rhythm, increase or decrease in blood pressure, and blurred vision.
Antidepressants increased the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in short-term studies in children and adolescents with depression and other psychiatric disorders. Anyone considering the use of antidepressants in a child or adolescent must balance this risk of suicide with the clinical need. Patients who are started on therapy should be closely observed for clinical worsening, suicidal thoughts, or unusual changes in behavior.
Elderly patients with dementia related psychosis treated with antipsychotics are at an increased risk of death.
What is the dosage for amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
- Anxiety or agitation with depression: Initial dose is one tablet of 2/25 mg or 4/25 mg by mouth three to four times a day OR take one tablet of 4/50 mg by mouth twice a day.
- Depression with schizophrenia: Initial dose is two tablets of 4/25 mg by mouth twice or three times a day, a fourth dose may be given at bedtime.
- Maintenance dose for all patients: Take one tablet of 2/25 mg or 4/25 mg by mouth two to four times a day OR take one tablet of 4/50 mg by mouth twice a day. 2/10 mg and 4/10 mg doses can be used to increase flexibility in adjusting maintenance dosage to the lowest amount consistent with relief of symptoms.
The maximum dose is 16/200 mg per day.
Which drugs or supplements interact with amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
: Perphenazine/amitriptyline should be used with caution with medications like paroxetine (Paxil), fluoxetine (Prozac), and sertraline (Zoloft) because these medications also increase the concentration of neurotransmitters in the body leading to severe and deadly reactions.
Perphenazine/amitriptyline should be avoided with medications like quinidine, disopyramide (Norpace), procainamide (Pronestyl), propafenone (Rhythmol), and flecainide (Tambocor) because they may also affect heart rhythm and increase the risk of an irregular heart rate and rhythm.
Perphenazine/amitriptyline should be used with caution with medications like epinephrine due to increased risk of irregular heart rates and rhythms.
Is amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
What else should I know about amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral?
What preparations of amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral are available?
Tablets: 2/10, 2/25, 4/10, 4/25, and 4/50 mg
How should I keep amitriptyline w/ perphenazine-oral stored?
Store Perphenazine/amitriptyline tablets at room temperature between 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F). Protect the drug from light.
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Perphenazine and amitriptyline hydrochloride (Etrafon - brand no longer available in the US) is an antidepressant medication prescribed to treat depression and other mood or mental disorders. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, storage, and pregnancy safety should be reviewed prior to using this supplement.
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Related Disease Conditions
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Panic attacks are sudden feelings of terror that strike without warning. These episodes can occur at any time, even during sleep. A person experiencing a panic attack may believe that he or she is having a heart attack or that death is imminent. The fear and terror that a person experiences during a panic attack are not in proportion to the true situation and may be unrelated to what is happening around them. Most people with panic attacks experience several of the following symptoms: racing heartbeat, faintness, dizziness, numbness or tingling in the hands and fingers, chills, chest pains, difficulty breathing, and a feeling of loss or control. There are several treatments for panic attacks.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that causes a person to suffer repeated obsessions and compulsions. Symptoms include irresistible impulses despite a person's realization that the thoughts are irrational, excessive hand washing, skin picking, lock checking, or repeatedly rearranging items. People with OCD are more likely to develop trichotillomania, muscle or vocal tics, or an eating disorder. Treatment for OCD includes psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, and medication.
Depression in teenagers may be caused by many factors. Symptoms of teen depression include apathy, irresponsible behavior, sadness, sudden drop in grades, withdrawal from friends, and alcohol and drug use. Treatment of depression in adolescents may involve psychotherapy and medications.
Depression in the Elderly
Depression in the elderly is very common. That doesn't mean, though, it's normal. Treatment may involve antidepressants, psychotherapy, or electroconvulsive therapy.
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
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