Amenorrhea: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 4/2/2020

Amenorrhea is the medical term that refers to the absence of menstrual periods in a woman of reproductive age. Amenorrhea may be primary (in which case a woman never develops menstrual periods) or secondary, in which periods begin normally but then stop.

Signs and symptoms associated with amenorrhea vary according to the cause. Therefore, there are no specific signs or symptoms that every woman with amenorrhea will experience. Possible associated symptoms and signs can include

Causes of amenorrhea

Amenorrhea has many causes. Genetic conditions and disorders of the ovaries, pituitary gland, or hypothalamus are among the causes of primary amenorrhea. Other possible causes of secondary amenorrhea include intensive exercising, extreme weight loss, physical illness, and stress.

Other amenorrhea symptoms and signs


Pelvic Pain: What's Causing Your Pelvic Pain? See Slideshow

Subscribe to MedicineNet's Women's Health Newsletter

By clicking "Submit," I agree to the MedicineNet Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy. I also agree to receive emails from MedicineNet and I understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet subscriptions at any time.

Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.