Hot flashes are experienced by many women, especially at night. However, not all women undergoing menopause experience hot flashes. What causes hot flashes? A hot flash is a feeling of warmth that spreads over the body. Treatment for hot flashes include hormone replacement therapy and alternative prescription medications such as:
- SSRIs (Effexor, Paxil, Prozac),
- clonidine (Catapres),
- megestrol (Megace),
- and gabapentin (Neurontin).
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Related Disease Conditions
Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, irregular vaginal bleeding, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, urinary incontinence, weight gain, and emotional symptoms such as mood swings. Treatment of menopausal symptoms varies, and should be discussed with your physician.
Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and diseases that may occur. Educating yourself so that the transitions into different phases of life is key to a healthy, happy, and productive life.
Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly most commonly involves excessive, frequent, irregular, or decreased bleeding. Causes of abnormal may arise from a variety of conditions that may include, uterine fibroids, IUDs, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, lupus, STDs, pelvic inflammatory disease, emotional stress, anorexia nervosa, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), cancers, early pregnancy.
Sexual health information including birth control, impotence, herpes, sexually transmitted diseases, staying healthy, women's sexual health concerns, and men's sexual health concerns. Learn about the most common sexual conditions affecting men and women.
Premature menopause is when menopause occurs in a woman before the age of 40. Causes of premature menopause include premature ovarian failure, treatments for cancer and other conditions, surgical removal of the ovaries, or chronic diseases of the pituitary or thyroid gland, or psychiatric disorders. Treatment is directed at menopausal symptoms.
Sex and Menopause (What to Expect)
Menopause is often associated with a change in sexual functioning. Loss of estrogen, bladder control issues, anxiety, stress, health concerns, medications, and sleep disturbances often result in a decrease in libido. Though there are currently no good drugs for treating sexual problems in women, there are ways to increase intimacy with a partner and treat vaginal dryness.
Perimenopause is the time in a woman's life when she is approaching menopause. During this time a woman starts to develop symptoms of declining estrogen levels that may include mood swings, painful sex, night sweats, hot flashes, and weight gain. Every adult woman eventually will experience perimenopause.
Night sweats are severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. The causes of night sweats in most people are not serious, like menopause in women, sleep apnea, medications, alcohol withdrawal, and thyroid problems. However, more serious diseases like cancer and HIV also can cause night sweats. Your doctor will treat your night sweats depending upon the cause. You may experience other signs and symptoms that are associated with night sweats, which depend upon the cause, but may include, shaking, and chills with a fever caused by an infection like the flu or pneumonia; unexplained weight loss due to lymphoma; women in perimenopause or menopause may also have vaginal dryness, mood swings, and hot flashes during the day; and low blood sugar in people with diabetes. Other causes of night sweats include medications like NSAIDs (aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), antidepressants, sildenafil (Viagra), and abuse of prescription or illegal drugs and drug withdrawal; hormone disorders like pheochromocytoma and carcinoid syndrome; idiopathic hyperhidrosis; infections like endocarditis, AIDs, and abscesses; alcoholism and alcohol withdrawal; drug abuse, addiction, and withdrawal; and stroke. A doctor or other health care professional can treat your night sweats after the cause has been diagnosed.
Hot flashes (or flushing) is the most common symptom experienced by a woman prior to and during the early stages of menopause, and often is described as the feeling of warmth that spreads over the body, often starting at the head accompanied by sweating. Symptoms of hot flashes include flushing, excessive sweating, anxiety, and palpitations.
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Treatment & Diagnosis
- Hot Flashes: Anxiety Worsens Hot Flashes
- Questions To Ask Your Doctor - General
- Menopausal Hormone Therapy . . . Current Concepts
- Hormone Therapy - HRT, HT, ET, EPT, What Does it All Mean?
- The Women's Health Initiative in Perspective: The Last Straw for Estrogen Therapy?
- Strep Throat Diagnosis & Treatment
- Menopause: Home Menopause Test Kits, Are They Worth It?
- Menopause Symptoms
- Ask The Experts: Women's Health
- Ask the Experts - Menopause
Medications & Supplements
- estradiol valerate - injection, Delestrogen
- estradiol acetate ring - vaginal, Femring
- estradiol weekly - transdermal, Climara
- raloxifene - oral, Evista
- estradiol/levonorgestrel weekly - transdermal, Climara Pro
- estradiol gel pump - transdermal, Elestrin, EstroGel
- estradiol semiweekly - transdermal, Estraderm, Vivelle
- estradiol emulsion - transdermal, Estrasorb
- estradiol, Alora, Climara, Delestrogen, Depo-Estradiol, Divigel, Elestrin, Estrace, and Others
- venlafaxine, Effexor XR (Effexor has been discontinued in the US)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva)
- fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Prozac Weekly)
- estropipate, Ogen
- clonidine (Catapres, Catapres-TTS)
- medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera)
- Conjugated Estrogens (Cenestin, Enjuvia, Estrace, and Others)
- soy (glycine soya) - oral
- black cohosh - oral
- estrogen/progestin - oral, Activella, Femhrt, Ortho-Prefe
- vitexagnus castus (Chaste Tree)
- ergotamine/belladonna/phenobarbital - oral, Bellergal-S
- red clover (Trifolium pratense)-oral
- ginseng (eleutherococcus and panax sp.) - oral
- dong quai (Angelica sinensis, Chinese Angelica)
- paroxetine (Brisdelle)
- flibanserin (Addyi)
- Celexa vs. Cymbalta (Comparison of Differences and Similarities)
Prevention & Wellness
- Health Tip: Relieving Hot Flashes
- Incontinence Drug May Cut Hot Flashes in Breast Cancer Survivors
- Yoga, Meditation Surging in Popularity in U.S.
- Health Tip: Manage Hot Flashes
- Full Bladder May Get a Third of Women Over 40 Up at Night
- For Many Women, Hot Flashes Last 10 Years or More After Menopause
- Experts Lay Out Options for Menopause Symptoms