Alcohol withdrawal occurs when a person who is accustomed to drinking large amounts of alcohol suddenly stops drinking alcohol. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms usually are most severe after 48 to 72 hours, but they can persist for weeks. A severe form of alcohol withdrawal is called delirium tremens (DT).
Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can include
- mood swings,
- nausea, and
Other symptoms can include
Symptoms of DT are more severe and may consist of
DT may also cause
- decreased attention span, and
- other changes in mental function.
Causes of alcohol withdrawal
Alcohol withdrawal is caused by suddenly stopping alcohol consumption in an individual who normally consumes large amounts of alcohol.
Other alcohol withdrawal symptoms and signs
- Clammy Skin
- Dilated Pupils
- Loss of Appetite
- Mood Swings
- Rapid Heart Rate
- Sensitivity to Light
- Shaky Hands
Main Article on Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms and Signs
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Examples of Medications for Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms and Signs
- Ativan (lorazepam) vs. Librium (chlordiazepoxide)
- Ativan (lorazepam) vs. Versed (midazolam)
- chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
- chlordiazepoxide-injection, Librium
- diazepam (Valium, Diastat, Acudial, Diastat Pediatric, Diazepam Intensol)
- Hydroxyzine (Vistaril) vs. buspirone (Buspar)
- Hydroxyzine vs. Valium
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- oxazepam (Serax, Zaxopam)
- Valium (diazepam) vs. midazolam