- A Visual Guide to Migraine Headaches Slideshow
- Headache and Migraine Triggers Slideshow
- Take the Migraines Quiz
- What is erenumab (Aimovig)? How does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What are the uses for erenumab?
- What are the side effects of erenumab?
- What are the dosing instructions for erenumab?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with erenumab?
- Is erenumab safe to take during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
What is erenumab (Aimovig)? How does it work (mechanism of action)?
Erenumab (Aimovig) is a new medication used for preventing migraine attacks. It received the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) approval on May 17, 2018. It belongs to a new class of drugs called calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor (CGRP-R) antagonist. CGRP-R is a chemical produced by the body that acts on blood vessels in the brain which are believed to be responsible for the development of migraines. Erenumab reduces the number of monthly migraine attacks by blocking CGRP-R receptors on blood vessels.
What are the uses for erenumab?
Erenumab is used for preventing migraine headache attacks in adults. It does not have any contraindications.
What are the side effects of erenumab?
The most common side effect of erenumab are reactions to the injection site, for example, injection site:
Less common side effects include:
The needle shield within the white cap of the erenumab prefilled autoinjector and gray needle cap of the erenumab prefilled syringe contains dry natural rubber, which may cause allergic reactions in people who are sensitive to latex.
There are no warnings for erenumab.
What are the dosing instructions for erenumab?
Erenumab is injected under the skin once a month by the patient or a caregiver. Erenumab is injected under the skin in the abdomen, thigh, or upper arm. It should not be injected where the skin is tender, bruised, red, or hard.
- The recommended dosage of erenumab is 70 mg once monthly.
- Some patients may benefit from a higher dosage of 140 mg once monthly.
- The 140 mg dose is given as two 70 mg injections.
A missed dose of erenumab should be administered as soon as possible then treatment should be administered monthly from the date of the last dose.
Erenumab is available as 70 mg/mL in a single-dose prefilled SureClick®autoinjector Injection or a single-dose prefilled syringe.
Which drugs or supplements interact with erenumab?
Drugs or supplements that may interact with erenumab have not been identified. Erenumab does not affect the breakdown of other drugs. Erenumab did not interact with sumatriptan (Imitrex, Imigran,Treximet) or an oral contraceptive in laboratory studies.
Is erenumab safe to take during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
- The use of erenumab during pregnancy has not been properly studied. It is not known whether erenumab can affect the developing baby or the birthing process.
- There is no information about whether erenumab is present in human milk, its effects on the breastfed infant, or its effects on milk production.
Erenumab, brand name Aimovig, is newly FDA approved injectable drug used for the prevention of migraine headache attacks. Erenumab belongs to a new class of drugs called calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor (CGRP-R) antagonist. Erenumab has few side effects, and may include constipation, or pain, redness, and itching at the injection site. Erenumab has no known drug or supplement interactions. Erenumab is available in doses of 70mg and 140 mgs injections that are given once a month by the patient or caregiver. There are no reliable studies on erenumab about its safety during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Erenumab was approved by the FDA on May 17, 2018.
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Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Headache Home Remedies
Headaches are a common complaint for many people. There are many types of headaches such as migraine, tension, cluster, and the general run of the mill headache. These 17 natural home remedies -- for example, exercise, meditation, hydration, yoga, caffeine, essential oils such as lavender and butterbur, herbs, and supplements like magnesium -- can soothe and relieve some headaches.
Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
Migraines and Seizures (Symptoms, Auras, Medication)
Migraines are a type of headache and seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. Migraine headaches and seizures are two different neurological problems that have similar signs, symptoms, and auras, for example, sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound, irritability, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms unique to migraine and migraine auras are water retention, problems sleeping, appetite changes, and talkativeness. Symptoms unique to seizure and seizures auras are depression, a feeling of heaviness, a feeling that a seizure is approaching, and depression. Many of the symptoms of migraine and seizures are the same, however, seizures do not cause migraines; however, people who have seizures are twice as likely to have migraines and vice-versa. People who have migraines are twice as likely to have seizures, and people with seizures are twice as likely to have migraines; however, one condition does not cause the other.
Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults
Abdominal migraine in adults and children is a variant of migraine headaches. Abdominal migraine in children generally occurs in children who have a family history of migraines. Causes of abdominal migraine is not known. Symptoms of abdominal migraine include acute, severe, midline abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, paleness, and inability to eat. Abdominal migraine is diagnosed through patient history, family history, and ruling out other medical causes. Treatment of abdominal migraine include tricyclic antidepressants and triptans.
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed medications for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. Examples of NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and more. One common side effect of NSAIDs is peptic ulcer (ulcers of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum). Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, and patient safety information should be reviewed prior to taking NSAIDs.
Migraine and Stroke (Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatment)
Migraine headache is a type of headache in which the exact cause is not known; however, they may be inherited, and certain foods and environmental factors can trigger and may contribute them. A stroke (brain attack) happens when a blood vessel in the brain leaks, bursts, or becomes blocked, which can be caused by many other health problems. Both migraines and strokes can can cause severe head pain (migraine pain usually is only on one side of the head). Migraine aura symptoms may mimic or feel like a stroke or mini-stroke (transient ischemic attack, TIA) because they have similar symptoms and signs like severe headache, numbness in the legs, feet, arms, hands, or face, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. Other migraine aura symptoms include vision problems like flashing lights or blind spots in one eye. The main difference between migraine headache and stroke symptoms and signs is that a migraine headaches usually come on gradually while a stroke symptoms come on suddenly and unexpectedly. A migraine may cause photophobia (sensitivity to light and sound). Migraine triggers include hormonal changes, alcohol, insomnia, caffeine, stress, anxiety, bright lights, loud noises, strong odors, aspartame, MSG, and changes in the weather. Symptoms of a stroke that do not occur with migraines include confusion, speech, vision, and balance problems. You can have a migraine headache and a stroke at the same time, but migraines do not cause strokes. However, in certain individuals with migraines with auras there may be related to a higher risk of stroke. Stroke is a medical emergency. If you have stroke symptoms, call 9-1-1 and get medical attention immediately.
Migraine vs. Headache: Differences and Similarities
Headaches are the most common reason why a person goes to the doctor or other healthcare professional for treatment. There are different types of headaches, for example, migraine, tension, and cluster headaches. The most common type of headache is tension headache. Migraine is much less common. There are few similarities between migraine and other headaches, for example, the severity of the pain can be the same, mild, moderate, or severe; and they can occur on one side or both sides of the head. However, there are many differences between migraine and other types of headaches. Migraine headaches also have different names, for example, migraine with aura and menstrual migraine. Symptoms of migraine that usually aren't experienced by a person with another type of headache include nausea, vomiting, worsens with mild exercise, debilitating pain, eye pain, throbbing head pain. Migraine trigger include light, mild exercise, strong smells, certain foods like red wine, aged cheese, smoked meats, artificial sweeteners, chocolate, alcohol, and dairy products, menstrual period, stress, oversleeping, and changes in barometric pressure. Untreated migraine attacks usually last from 4 to 72 hours, but may last for weeks. Most headaches resolve within 24-48 hours. Doctors don't know exactly what causes migraine headaches; however, other headaches like tension headaches have more specific triggers and causes. Additional tests usually are required to diagnose migraine from other types of headaches, diseases, or other medical problems. Most headaches can be treated and cured with home remedies like essential oils, massage, and over-the-counter pain medication like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn) or ibuprofen (Advil, Midol, Motrin). Most headaches resolve with OTC and home remedy treatment, while your doctor may need to prescribe medication to treat your migraines. If you have the "worst headache of your life," seek medical care immediately.
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- Predinsone Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- Corticosteroids (Systemic, Oral, Injections, Types)
- Beta Blockers (Drug Class, List of Brand and Generic Names)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- Acetaminophen vs. Ibuprofen for Pain (Differences in Side Effects and Dosage)
- Corticosteroids vs. NSAIDs
- atenolol, Tenormin
- Ibuprofen (Advil) vs. Naproxen (Aleve): Comparison of Differences
- metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- valproic acid, divalproex, Depakote, Depakote Sprinkle, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor
- hydrocodone and ibuprofen, Vicoprofen
- Aimovig (erenumab-aooe)
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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
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