Aga

What other names is Aga known by?

Amanita muscaria, Amanite Tue-Mouches, Fausse Oronge, Fly Agaric, Matamoscas, Soma.

What is Aga?

Aga is a mushroom. Its cap is red with white spots. Aga grows in sandy, acidic soils in the US. It is sometimes called “fly agaric,” because some of the chemicals it contains are poisonous to the common housefly. Despite serious safety concerns, people use the parts of aga that grow above the ground to make medicine.

Aga is used in homeopathy for nerve pain, fever, anxiety, alcohol poisoning, and joint pains.

Some people use it as a recreational drug to cause “mind-altering sensations” that are something like hallucinations.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of aga for these uses.

SLIDESHOW

Vitamin D Deficiency: How Much Vitamin D Is Enough? See Slideshow

How does Aga work?

Aga mushrooms have chemicals that cause the brain to misunderstand what the body is seeing, hearing, tasting, and feeling.

Are there safety concerns?

Aga is UNSAFE when taken by mouth. It can cause side effects such as sleepiness, confusion, dizziness, delirium, and death.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Aga is UNSAFE for anyone to use, but women who are pregnant or breast-feeding have the health of their baby as an extra reason to avoid use.

Dosing considerations for Aga.

The appropriate dose of aga depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for aga. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

CONTINUE SCROLLING FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

Reviewed on 9/17/2019
References

Ammirati, J. F., Traquair, J. A., and Horgen, P. A. Poisonous mushrooms of the Northern United States and Canada. 1985;

Beavis, A. D. Properties of the inner membrane anion channel in intact mitochondria. J Bioenerg.Biomembr. 1992;24(1):77-90. View abstract.

Benjamin, D. R. Mushroom poisoning in infants and children: the Amanita pantheria/muscaria group. Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology 1992;30(1):13-22.

Bouska, I., Rehanek, L., Veselsky, J., and Curik, R. [Diagnostic problems in poisoning with the agaric Cortinarius orellanus Fr. having a nephrotoxic effect]. Cesk.Patol. 1979;24(2):27-32. View abstract.

Chavez, E. and Klapp, M. A new inhibitor of adenine nucleotide translocase in mitochondria: agaric acid. Biochem.Biophys.Res Commun. 11-3-1975;67(1):272-278. View abstract.

Chavez, E., Chavez, R., and Carrasco, N. The effect of agaric acid on citrate transport in rat liver mitochondria. Life Sci. 10-9-1978;23(14):1423-1429. View abstract.

DONALIES, G. and VOELZ, G. [A suicide attempt with fly agaric II. On the toxicology of Amanita muscaria. With a contribution to the psychology of the choice of suicide agent.]. Nervenarzt 1961;32:552-555. View abstract.

DONALIES, G. and VOELZ, G. [A suicide attempt with fly agaric. On the toxicology of Amanita muscaria. With a contribution to the psychology of the choice of suicide agent.]. Nervenarzt 4-20-1960;31:182-185. View abstract.

Elonen, E., Tarssanen, L., and Harkonen, M. Poisoning with brown fly agaric, Amanita regalis. Acta Med Scand. 1979;205(1-2):121-123. View abstract.

Falandysz, J. [Selenium in selected species of mushrooms from Poland]. Rocz.Panstw.Zakl.Hig. 2003;54(3):249-254. View abstract.

Falandysz, J., Jedrusiak, A., Lipka, K., Kannan, K., Kawano, M., Gucia, M., Brzostowski, A., and Dadej, M. Mercury in wild mushrooms and underlying soil substrate from Koszalin, North-central Poland. Chemosphere 2004;54(4):461-466. View abstract.

Falandysz, J., Lipka, K., Gucia, M., Kawano, M., Strumnik, K., and Kannan, K. Accumulation factors of mercury in mushrooms from Zaborski Landscape Park, Poland. Environ.Int. 2002;28(5):421-427. View abstract.

Garcia, N., Zazueta, C., Pavon, N., and Chavez, E. Agaric acid induces mitochondrial permeability transition through its interaction with the adenine nucleotide translocase. Its dependence on membrane fluidity. Mitochondrion. 2005;5(4):272-281. View abstract.

Hajicek-Dobberstein, S. Soma siddhas and alchemical enlightenment: psychedelic mushrooms in Buddhist tradition. J Ethnopharmacol. 1995;48(2):99-118. View abstract.

Hood, R. L., Beitz, D. C., and Johnson, D. C. Inhibition by potential metabolic inhibitors of in vitro adipose tissue lipogenesis. Comp Biochem.Physiol B 1985;81(3):667-670. View abstract.

Lacaz, Cda S., Heins-Vaccari, E. M., De Melo, N. T., and Hernandez-Arriagada, G. L. Basidiomycosis: a review of the literature. Rev Inst.Med.Trop.Sao Paulo 1996;38(5):379-390. View abstract.

Madsen, S. and Jenssen, K. M. [Poisoning with deadly agaric (Amanita virosa). Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment]. Tidsskr.Nor Laegeforen. 5-30-1990;110(14):1828-1829. View abstract.

McCune, S. A., Foe, L. G., Kemp, R. G., and Jurin, R. R. Aurintricarboxylic acid is a potent inhibitor of phosphofructokinase. Biochem.J 5-1-1989;259(3):925-927. View abstract.

Michelot, D. and Melendez-Howell, L. M. Amanita muscaria: chemistry, biology, toxicology, and ethnomycology. Mycol.Res 2003;107(Pt 2):131-146. View abstract.

MORTARA, M. and MORTINETTI, L. [Poisoning by Hypholoma fasciculare Fries (tufted agaric, bitter fungus).]. Arch Toxikol. 1955;15(7):390-391. View abstract.

MURADIAN, G. T. [A case of arsenic polyneuritis in poisoning with fly agaric.]. Sov.Med 1960;24:132-133. View abstract.

Patterson, C. E., Davis, K. S., and Rhoades, R. A. Regulation of fetal lung disaturated phosphatidylcholine synthesis by de novo palmitate supply. Biochim.Biophys Acta 1-19-1988;958(1):60-69. View abstract.

Powers, M. F., Smith, L. L., and Beavis, A. D. On the relationship between the mitochondrial inner membrane anion channel and the adenine nucleotide translocase. J Biol.Chem 4-8-1994;269(14):10614-10620. View abstract.

ROCH, M. and MACH, J. P. [Severe prolonged delirium caused by Amanita muscaria (fly agaric) poisoning.]. Praxis. 3-3-1960;49:225-227. View abstract.

Satora, L., Pach, D., Butryn, B., Hydzik, P., and Balicka-Slusarczyk, B. Fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) poisoning, case report and review. Toxicon 6-1-2005;45(7):941-943. View abstract.

Schiodt, F. V., Ott, P., and Bondesen, S. [Poisoning by green and white mushrooms at a special hepatology unit, 1989-1994]. Ugeskr.Laeger 7-31-1995;157(31):4350-4354. View abstract.

Stipani, I., Francia, F., Palmieri, F., and Quagliariello, E. [Inhibition by agaric acid of citrate transport in mitochondria]. Boll.Soc.Ital.Biol Sper. 6-15-1976;52(11):812-818. View abstract.

Xu, Z. X., Smart, D. A., and Rooney, S. A. Glucocorticoid induction of fatty-acid synthase mediates the stimulatory effect of the hormone on choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase activity in fetal rat lung. Biochim.Biophys Acta 5-1-1990;1044(1):70-76. View abstract.

Zilker, T. [Diagnosis and therapy of mushroom poisoning (1)]. Leber Magen Darm 1987;17(2):97-112. View abstract.