The symptoms of acute sinusitis arise from inflammation of the lining tissues of the paranasal sinuses. This condition often occurs with rhinitis (inflammation of the lining of the nose), and symptoms can include
- nasal congestion,
- runny nose,
- nasal pressure,
- cough, and
- tenderness of the face over the areas of the sinuses.
- tooth pain,
- jaw pain,
- postnasal drip,
- redness of the nose,
- reddened cheeks,
- red eyelids,
- decreased sense of taste,
- decreased sense of smell,
- ear fullness, and
- nasal drainage.
Generalized symptoms like fatigue are also typical.
Causes of acute sinusitis
Sinusitis can be caused by infections, allergies, and chemical or other irritation of the sinuses. Both bacterial and viral infections such as the common cold may lead to sinusitis. Dehydration, disease, medications that lead to drying of the airways, and lack of sufficient humidity can cause sinusitis or sinus infection.
Other acute sinusitis symptoms and signs
- Decreased Sense of Smell
- Decreased Sense of Taste
- Ear Fullness
- Facial Pain
- Facial Swelling
- Facial Tenderness
- Forehead Pain
- Jaw Pain
- Nasal Congestion
- Nasal Discharge
- Nasal Pressure
- Pain Behind the Eyes
- Postnasal Drip
- Red Eyelids
- Reddened Cheeks
- Redness of the Nose
- Runny Nose
- Sinus Pain
- Sinus Pressure
- Throat Irritation
- Tooth Pain
Main Article on Acute Sinusitis Symptoms and Signs
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Examples of Medications for Acute Sinusitis Symptoms and Signs
- amoxicillin (Amoxil, Moxatag, Larotid)
- Augmentin (amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, Augmentin XR, Augmentin ES-600, Amoclan
- cefpodoxime proxetil (Vantin, Banan) for Infections
- cefuroxime, Ceftin, Zinacef
- Levaquin (levofloxacin) Antibiotic
- loratadine and pseudoephedrine (Alavert Allergy & Sinus, Claritin-D, Claritin-D 24 hour)
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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.