What are the top ten phobias as per therapists?
As per research from therapists below are the top ten phobias
- Social phobia: Social anxiety disorder is fear of social interactions. It can make everyday activities challenging, stressful and anxiety provoking.
- Claustrophobia: This is the fear of enclosed spaces. People have difficulty breathing or a fear of running out of oxygen. It is believed that about 5% of the population suffers from claustrophobia.
- Zoophobia: An umbrella term that involves extreme fear of certain animals. Arachnophobia means fear of spiders. Ornithophobia means fear of birds. Ophidiophobia is the fear of snakes and apiphobia means the fear of bees. This fear is linked to an evolutionary response against these creatures, many of which are poisonous. Symptoms of this fear most often appear during childhood but can also develop in adulthood.
- Brontophobia: Fear of thunder and thunderstorms. Such people know that thunder cannot harm them but are still worried about going out during a thunderstorm.
- Acrophobia: This is a fear of heights. Acrophobia is believed to be partially ingrained, whether biologically or evolutionarily, as a survival mechanism. These people may develop attacks while climbing stairs and may be terrified to move.
- Blood, injury and injection (BII) phobia: Injury phobias are generally phobias associated with fear of medical procedures. They may often be associated with fainting and hyperventilation. These include hemophobia (fear of blood) and trypanophobia (fear of receiving an injection). Odontiatophobia is the fear of visiting a dentist.
- Aerophobia: This is the fear of flying. It can be passed down from parents if they are anxious flyers. It may be due to past experiences or even from watching media coverage of crashes.
- Atychiphobia: This is a fear of failure. When this fear becomes debilitating and one is unable to progress in life, it is time to seek help from a professional.
- Thanatophobia: This is a fear of death. As with atychiphobia, this fear is not shocking, but when it takes over day-to-day activities and causes anxiety that prevents seemingly normal activities and behavior, it becomes a serious problem.
- Nosophobia: This is a fear of developing a disease even if a person is having only minor symptoms.
Apart from the above phobias, below are few more common phobias
Is a phobia a mental disorder?
Yes, phobias are diagnosable mental disorders. A phobia is a strong, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. It is also a type of anxiety disorder. A phobia is a persistent, excessive, unrealistic fear of an object, person, animal, activity or a situation. People with phobias try to avoid what they are afraid of. If they cannot, they may experience
What are the treatment options for phobias?
Phobias are highly treatable and people who have them are nearly always aware of their disorder. This helps diagnosis a great deal. Phobias are treated with a combination of therapy and medications which may include
Medications may help treat phobias
- Beta blockers: These medications reduce the palpitations and sweating that can accompany a phobia.
- Antidepressants: Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) affect serotonin levels in the brain, resulting in better moods. SSRIs include Prozac (fluoxetine), Paxil (paroxetine), celexa (citalopram) and others.
- Tranquilizers: Benzodiazepines are tranquilizers that might be prescribed for a phobia. These may help reduce anxiety symptoms Valium (diazepam).
Medication therapy may cause a few common side effects which include nausea, vomiting, dizziness and sometimes weight gain. A doctor may prescribe the best medication with the least amount of side effects depending on the type of phobia.
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AgoraphobiaAgoraphobia is a fear of being outside or of being in a situation from which escape would be impossible. Symptoms include anxiety, fear, disorientation, rapid heartbeat, diarrhea, or dizziness. Treatment may incorporate psychotherapy, self-exposure to the anxiety-causing situation, and medications such as SSRIs, benzodiazepines, and beta-blockers.
Phobias are unrelenting fears of activities (social phobias), situations (agoraphobia), and specific items (arachnophobia). There is thought to be a hereditary component to phobias, though there may be a cultural influence or they may be triggered by life events. Symptoms and signs of phobias include having a panic attack, shaking, breathing troubles, rapid heartbeat, and a strong desire to escape the situation. Treatment of phobias typically involves desensitization, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and beta-blockers.
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