Usually, children have trouble focusing and behaving at one time or another. However, children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not just grow out of these behaviors. The symptoms continue, can be severe, and can cause difficulty at school, at home, or with friends. Below are 14 common signs and symptoms of ADHD:
- Daydream a lot
- Forget or lose things a lot
- Squirm or fidget
- Talk too much
- Lack of focus
- Make careless mistakes
- Take unnecessary risks
- Have a hard time resisting temptation
- Have trouble taking turns due to self-focused behavior
- Have difficulty getting along with others
- Interrupt games or other activities where they are not part of
- Cannot keep their emotions under check and have outbursts of anger at inappropriate times
- ADHD children may show interest in a lot of things but may have problems finishing them. They move on to the next thing that catches their interest before finishing the previous one.
- Usually, children with ADHD are less organized. They may have trouble keeping a track of tasks and activities. This can cause problems at school because they can find it hard to prioritize homework, school projects, and other assignments.
What is ADHD?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental and neurodevelopment disorders affecting children. It is usually first diagnosed during childhood and often lasts up to adulthood. A child with ADHD has differences in brain development and brain activity that affect attention, the ability to sit still, and self-control. ADHD can affect a child at school, at home, and in friendships.
What are the causes of ADHD?
The causes and risk factors for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are unknown, but current research shows that genetics plays an important role. In addition to genetics, other possible causes and risk factors include the following:
- Brain injury
- Exposure to environmental toxins (e.g., lead) during pregnancy or at a young age
- Alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy
- Premature delivery
- Low birth weight
How can ADHD be treated?
What works best can depend on the child and family. Good treatment plans will include close monitoring, follow-ups, and making changes, if needed, along the way.
In most cases, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is best treated with a combination of behavior therapy and medication. For children aged four to five years with ADHD, behavior therapy, particularly training for parents, is recommended as the first line of treatment before medication is tried.
Medications can help children manage their ADHD symptoms in their everyday life and can help them control their behaviors that cause difficulties with family and friends, and at school. These medications are divided into two types:
- Stimulants: They are the best known and most widely used ADHD medications. Between 70% and 80% of children with ADHD have fewer ADHD symptoms when they take these fast-acting medications. Stimulants, which contain various forms of methylphenidate and amphetamine, have a calming effect on hyperactive children with ADHD. They are believed to increase brain levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with motivation, attention, and movement.
- Non stimulants: These were approved for the treatment of children with ADHD in 2003. They do not work as quickly as stimulants, but their effect can last up to 24 hours. Strattera (atomoxetine), Intuniv (guanfacine), and Kapvay (clonidine) are the non-stimulants that provide a useful alternative for children who do not tolerate stimulants well.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top 14 Signs of ADHD: Does Your Child Have ADHD? Related Articles
13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHDParenting a teenager who has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be challenging. Parents can use specific strategies to help their teen cope with school and homework. Special care should be taken to help an ADHD teen drive safely and avoid alcohol and drug use.
ADHD Symptoms: What Makes Them Worse?ADHD symptoms get worse with bad habits. Watch your lifestyle so hyperactivity, impulsivity, restlessness, fidgeting, inattention, and other symptoms associated with an attention deficit hyperactivity diagnosis do not get worse.
What Are the Symptoms of ADHD in Kids? Tests, MedicationWhat is ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)? Learn to recognize ADHD symptoms in children.
What Is ADHD in Children?Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) causes the following symptoms in children: excessive activity, problems concentrating, and difficulty controlling impulses. Stimulant medications are the most common medication used to treat ADHD.
ADHD in Children: Understanding, Discipline and Better ParentingADHD is a common disorder seen in children. Parents can learn tips and techniques to teach children life skills, coping mechanisms, and better ways to learn with ADHD.
Childhood ADHD QuizFind out causes, symptoms, and treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, a widespread behavioral condition commonly seen in children. Take the Childhood ADHD Quiz.
Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)About 2%-6% of adults have ADHD, a common behavioral problem. Symptoms include impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention. Treatment may involve ADHD education, attending a support group, skills training, and medication.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in TeensAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in teens is a disruption of neurocognitive functioning. Genetics contribute to ADHD. Symptoms of ADHD in teens include inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, or a combination of these. Treatment may include cognitive behavioral therapy, behavior therapy, medication, or alternative therapies.
Can ADHD Be Cured?ADHD cannot be cured. Early diagnosis and management with a good treatment plan can help a person manage their symptoms.
Can ADHD Cause Speech Problems?ADHD is short for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. ADHD can cause speech problems — including word pronunciation.
Does ADHD Worsen With Age?ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is a condition that causes problems with focusing, impulsivity, and hyperactivity that affect every part of your life. For adults with ADHD, it is common to have less hyperactivity, but other symptoms like trouble concentrating and controlling urges can last.
Parenting a Child With ADHDADHD is a behavioral condition with characteristics that include hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Parenting a child with ADHD presents a variety of challenges. Treatment options for children with ADHD include medication and behavioral therapy.
What Are the Ten Symptoms of ADHD?Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a medical condition that affects a person’s behavior.
What Kind of Therapy Is Best for ADHD?ADHD is a condition associated with impulsive behavior and inattention. The best kind of therapy for ADHD is cognitive behavioral therapy, although schema therapy, talk therapy and marriage and family therapy are helpful as well.