zolpidem, Ambien, Ambien CR, Zolpimist, Edluar, Tovalt ODT (discontinued)

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Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

GENERIC NAME: zolpidem

BRAND NAME: Ambien, Ambien CR, Intermezzo, Zolpimist, Edluar


DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Zolpidem belongs to a class of drugs called sedatives or hypnotics. Zolpidem shares some characteristics of a family of sedatives called benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines cause sedation, muscle relaxation, act as anti-convulsants (anti-seizure medications), and reduce anxiety. Zolpidem has selectivity in that it has little of the muscle relaxant and anti-seizure effects and more of the sedative effect. Therefore, it is used primarily as a medication for sleep. The oral spray form of zolpidem, Zolpimist, has more rapid absorption than the tablet form because it is absorbed through the lining of the mouth. The FDA approved zolpidem in December 1992.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/23/2015

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