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- Yellow fever facts
- What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
- What causes yellow fever?
- How is yellow fever transmitted?
- What areas are high risk for contracting yellow fever?
- What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
- Is yellow fever contagious? How long is the contagious period for yellow fever?
- What types of specialists treat yellow fever?
- What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose yellow fever?
- What is the treatment for yellow fever?
- How long does yellow fever last?
- What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
- Is it possible to prevent yellow fever?
- What are the side effects of the yellow fever vaccine?
- Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
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What is the treatment for yellow fever?
There is no specific curative treatment for yellow fever. Treatment is supportive and aimed at relieving the symptoms of the disease, including the pain and fever. As previously mentioned, the majority of patients who do develop symptoms from yellow fever will experience a mild course of illness which will resolve on its own.
Supportive measures implemented depend on the severity of the disease, and may include
- oxygen administration,
- intravenous fluid administration for dehydration,
- medications to increase blood pressure in cases of circulatory collapse,
- transfusion of blood products in cases of severe bleeding,
- antibiotics for secondary bacterial infections,
- dialysis for kidney failure, and
- endotracheal intubation (placement of a breathing tube) and mechanical ventilation in cases of respiratory failure.
For the first few days of illness, infected individuals should also be isolated indoors and/or under mosquito netting in order to prevent further mosquito exposure, thus eliminating the potential for further transmission of the disease.