Weaning a Baby from Breastfeeding or Bottle Feeding

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To an infant, few things are more important than food. And starting when a baby is only a few months old, he or she goes from consuming exclusively liquid breast milk or formula to eating some solid foods. Making the change involves a process called weaning.

"Weaning involves gradually decreasing a typical food in favor of a different food," says Cheryl Hardin, MD, a pediatrician at Texas Children's Pediatrics in Houston. Weaning a baby is going from liquid breast milk or formula to solid food

Depending on a baby's age, weaning can also mean switching from one type of liquid nutrition to another. For example, weaning breastfeeding for a baby who is younger than 12 months will involve introducing formula. "Babies younger than 12 months shouldn't drink whole cow's milk," Hardin says.

She adds that this is often a good time to introduce a sippy cup as part of weaning off the bottle. "And babies who are breastfed exclusively and weaning breastfeeding can often go right from the breast to a cup," she says.

Hardin says the best time to start weaning depends more on development than age. "The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends weaning breastfeeding at four to six months," she says. "Babies can receive great nutrition in their first few months with breast milk or formula. But by four to six months, a baby is ready for weaning," she says.

Signs It's Time to Wean a Baby