Walking Related Diseases & Conditions

You are reading this article to get healthier and help prevent disease. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to Walking. The conditions and diseases listed below may be helped by the healthy lifestyle interventions outlined in the article.

  • Sciatica Sciatica pain, caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve, typically radiates from the low back to behind the thigh to below the...learn more »
  • Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus) Staphylococcus or Staph is a group of bacteria that can cause a multitude of diseases. Staph infections can cause illness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus) Article
    • Staph infection facts
    • What is Staphylococcus?
    • Who is at risk for Staph infections?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a Staph infection?
    • What types of diseases are caused by Staph?
    • How are Staph infections diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Staph infections?
    • What is antibiotic-resistant Staph aureus?
    • What are complications of Staph infections?
    • Can Staph infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for Staph infections?
  • Lower Back Pain There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lower Back Pain Article
    • Low back pain facts
    • What is the anatomy of the low back?
    • What is the function of the low back?
    • What are common causes of lower back pain?
    • What are other causes of lower back pain?
    • What are uncommon causes of low back pain?
    • What are other symptoms and signs sometimes associated with low back pain?
    • How is low back pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for low back pain?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for low back pain?
    • Can low back pain be prevented?
  • Hip Bursitis Bursitis of the hip results when the fluid-filled sac (bursa) near the hip becomes inflamed due to localized soft tissue trauma...learn more »
  • Torn Meniscus A torn meniscus (knee cartilage) may be caused by suddenly stopping, sharply twisting, or deep squatting or kneeling when lifting...learn more »
  • Athlete's Foot Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a skin infection caused by the ringworm fungus. Symptoms include itching, burning, cracking,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Athlete's Foot Article
    • Athlete's foot facts
    • What is athlete's foot?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of athlete's foot?
    • What does athlete's foot look like?
    • Is athlete's foot contagious?
    • What else causes foot rashes?
    • What is the treatment for athlete's foot?
    • What home remedies are available for athlete's foot?
    • How can I treat athlete's foot in pregnancy?
    • When should I seek medical care?
    • What are possible complications of athlete's foot?
    • What kind of doctor treats athlete's foot?
    • How can I prevent future athlete's foot infections?
  • Corns Corns and calluses are sometimes painful areas of thickened skin that appear between the toes and fingers or on the soles of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Corns Article
    • Corns and calluses facts
    • What are corns and calluses?
    • Why do corns and calluses develop?
    • What are risk factors for corns and calluses?
    • What are symptoms and signs of corns and calluses?
    • How are corns and calluses diagnosed?
    • How can corns and calluses be treated?
    • When should someone seek professional treatment for corns or calluses?
    • What is the prognosis for corns and calluses?
    • How can corns and calluses be prevented?
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain) Article
    • What are the sacroiliac (SI) joints?
    • What is sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are the causes of sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • What are sacroiliac joint dysfunction symptoms?
    • How is sacroiliac joint dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
    • How can sacroiliac joint dysfunction be prevented?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • Can dehydration be prevented?
  • Foot Pain Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Foot Pain Article
    • How is the foot designed?
    • What causes foot pain?
    • What other symptoms and signs may accompany foot pain?
    • When should I seek medical treatment for foot pain?
    • How is foot pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for foot pain?
    • What follow-up care is needed after foot pain is treated?
    • How can foot pain be prevented?
    • Foot Pain At A Glance
  • Knee Pain Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Pain Article
    • Knee pain facts
    • What is knee pain?
    • What are knee pain symptoms and signs?
    • What causes knee pain?
    • What are risk factors for knee pain?
    • When should people with knee pain call a health-care professional?
    • What are some of the complications of knee pain?
    • How do physicians diagnose knee pain?
    • What is the treatment for knee pain?
    • Are there any home remedies for relief of knee pain?
    • What is the prognosis of knee pain?
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Restless Leg Syndrome Article
    • Restless leg syndrome facts
    • What is restless leg syndrome (RLS)?
    • What causes restless leg syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of restless leg syndrome?
    • How is restless leg syndrome diagnosed?
    • Can other conditions mimic restless leg syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for restless leg syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat restless leg syndrome?
    • Are there any remedies or complimentary/alternative treatments for restless leg syndrome?
  • Shin Splints Shin splints result from inflammation from injury to the tendon and adjacent tissues in the front of the outer leg. Shin splints...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shin Splints Article
    • Shin splints facts
    • What are shin splints?
    • What are risk factors for shin splints?
    • What are shin splints symptoms?
    • What causes shin splints?
    • How are shin splints diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shin splints?
    • What is the multifaceted relative rest approach?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for shin splints?
    • Can shin splints be prevented?
  • Insulin Resistance Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insulin Resistance Article
    • Insulin resistance facts
    • What is insulin resistance?
    • What causes insulin resistance?
    • What is the relationship between insulin resistance and diabetes?
    • What medical conditions are associated with insulin resistance?
    • Who is at risk for insulin resistance?
    • How is insulin resistance diagnosed?
    • How is insulin resistance managed?
    • Lifestyle changes (diet, weight loss, exercise)
    • Medications
    • What's new in insulin resistance?
  • Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium) Hyponatremia is a condition where the level of sodium in the blood is low. Causes of hyponatremia can occur from excess fluid in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium) Article
    • Hyponatremia facts
    • What is hyponatremia (low blood sodium)?
    • What causes hyponatremia (low blood sodium)?
    • What are the symptoms of hyponatremia (low blood sodium)?
    • How is hyponatremia (low blood sodium) diagnosed?
    • How is hyponatremia (low blood sodium) treated?
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Vascular Disease Article
    • Peripheral vascular disease facts
    • What is peripheral vascular disease?
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • How does atherosclerosis cause disease?
    • What are potential complications of peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the other causes of peripheral vascular diseases?
    • Who is at risk for peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of peripheral artery disease?
    • How is peripheral artery disease diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for peripheral artery disease?
    • Lifestyle changes
    • Supervised exercise
    • Medications
    • Angioplasty
    • Surgery
  • Broken Foot There are several bones in the foot, and these bones can be broken (fractured) in a variety of ways. Falling from heights,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Foot Article
    • Broken foot facts
    • What is the structure of the foot?
    • What are the causes of a broken foot?
    • Pictures of the bones in the foot
    • What are the symptoms of a broken foot?
    • When should I call the doctor for foot pain?
    • How is a broken foot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken foot?
    • What are the complications of a broken foot?
    • Can a broken foot be prevented?
  • Bone Spurs Bone spurs are pointy outgrowths of bone that develop in areas of inflammation or injury. They commonly occur on the heel and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bone Spurs Article
    • Bone spur facts
    • What is a bone spur?
    • What causes bone spurs?
    • Where do bone spurs occur?
    • What are symptoms of bone spurs?
    • How are bone spurs diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bone spurs?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for bone spurs?
    • Can bone spurs be prevented?
  • Knee Bursitis Bursitis of the knee results when any of the three fluid-filled sacs (bursae) become inflamed due to injury or strain. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Bursitis Article
    • Knee bursitis facts
    • What is bursitis?
    • What is knee bursitis?
    • What are causes of knee bursitis?
    • What are knee bursitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is knee bursitis diagnosed?
    • How is prepatellar bursitis of the knee treated? Are there home remedies for knee bursitis?
    • What about the other knee bursae?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of knee bursitis?
    • Can knee bursitis be prevented?
  • Brain Cancer Cancers that form from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors. Brain tumors may be malignant (brain cancer) or benign....learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Cancer Article
    • Brain cancer facts
    • What is brain cancer?
    • What is metastatic brain cancer?
    • What causes brain cancer?
    • Do cell phones cause brain cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of brain cancer?
    • What tests are used to diagnose brain cancer?
    • What is the treatment for brain cancer?
    • What are the side effects of brain cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of treated brain cancer?
    • What can I do to help my family (and me) cope with my diagnosis of brain cancer?
    • How is brain cancer prevented?
    • Where can I get more information about my type of brain cancer?
  • Ankle Pain Ankle pain is commonly due to a sprain or tendinitis. The severity of ankle sprains ranges from mild (which can resolve within...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ankle Pain Article
    • Ankle pain and ankle tendinitis facts
    • How is the ankle designed, and what is the ankle's function?
    • What causes ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • What injuries can cause ankle pain, and how are they treated?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause ankle pain, and how are they treated?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • How are ankle pain and ankle tendinitis diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • Is it possible to prevent ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
  • Hamstring Injury Hamstring injuries may range from minor strains to major ruptures. A hamstring injury causes spasm, tightness, and tenderness....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hamstring Injury Article
    • What are the hamstrings?
    • What is the function of the hamstrings?
    • What causes hamstring injuries, and what are types of hamstring injuries?
    • What are symptoms and signs of injury to the hamstring muscles?
    • How are hamstring injuries diagnosed?
    • How are hamstring injuries treated?
    • Can hamstring injuries be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for hamstring injuries?
    • Where can one find more information about hamstring injuries?
    • Hamstring injury facts
  • Torn ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear) The anterior cruciate ligament helps to prevent the top and bottom of the knee from sliding back and forth. Symptoms and signs of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Torn ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear) Article
    • Torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) facts
    • What is the function of the knee joint?
    • What is a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)?
    • What causes a torn ACL?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a torn ACL?
    • How is a torn ACL diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a torn ACL?
    • How long does it take to recover from a torn ACL?
    • What is the prognosis of a torn ACL?
    • Can ACL tears be prevented?
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ankylosing Spondylitis Article
    • Ankylosing spondylitis facts
    • What is ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What causes ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is ankylosing spondylitis diagnosed?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis treatment options?
    • Can ankylosing spondylitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What is in the future for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • Where can people find more information about ankylosing spondylitis and learn about support groups?
  • Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a pale-blue-red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Raynaud's Phenomenon Article
    • Raynaud's phenomenon facts
    • What is Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What causes Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What conditions have been associated with Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What are Raynaud's phenomenon symptoms and signs?
    • How is Raynaud's phenomenon diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • Can Raynaud's phenomenon by prevented?
  • Bunions The common bunion, an enlargement of the inner portion of the joint at the base of the big toe, primarily affects women. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bunions Article
    • Bunions facts
    • What are bunions?
    • What are the causes of bunions?
    • Who develops bunions?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a bunion?
    • How is a bunion diagnosed?
    • How are bunions treated? Are there home remedies to treat bunions?
    • Can bunions be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of a bunion?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Heel Spurs Heel spurs, pointed, bony outgrowths of the heel, are caused by localized soft tissue inflammation and can be located at the back...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heel Spurs Article
    • Heel spurs & plantar fasciitis facts
    • What is a heel spur? What are symptoms of a heel spur?
    • How do heel spurs relate to plantar fasciitis? What causes heel spurs and plantar fasciitis?
    • How are heel spurs and plantar fasciitis diagnosed?
    • How are heel spurs and plantar fasciitis treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of heel spurs and plantar fasciitis?
    • Can heel spurs and plantar fasciitis be prevented?
  • Obesity Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Obesity Article
    • Obesity facts
    • What is obesity?
    • How common is obesity?
    • What are the health risks associated with obesity?
    • What causes obesity?
    • What are other factors associated with obesity?
    • How is body fat measured?
    • What about weight-for-height tables?
    • What is the body mass index (BMI)?
    • Does it matter where body fat is located? (Is it worse to be an "apple" or a "pear"?)
    • What can be done about obesity?
    • What is the role of physical activity and exercise in obesity?
    • What is the role of diet in the treatment of obesity?
    • What is the role of medication in the treatment of obesity?
    • What about herbal fen/phen?
    • What about meal substitutes, artificial sweeteners, and OTC products?
    • What is the role of surgery in the treatment of obesity?
    • How can patients choose a safe and successful weight-loss program?
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture The Achilles tendon is the body's largest and strongest tendon. Repeated stress is the usual cause of a ruptured Achilles tendon....learn more »
    In This Article
    Achilles Tendon Rupture Article
    • Achilles tendon rupture facts
    • Function of Achilles tendon
    • Blood supply of Achilles tendon
    • What is an Achilles tendon rupture?
    • What causes an Achilles tendon rupture?
    • What are Achilles tendon rupture symptoms and signs?
    • How is a ruptured Achilles tendon diagnosed?
    • What are treatment options for an Achilles tendon rupture?
    • What are possible complications of an Achilles tendon rupture?
    • What is the recovery time for an Achilles tendon rupture?
    • What rehabilitation exercises are recommended following an Achilles tendon rupture?
    • How can an Achilles tendon rupture be prevented?
    • Are there any home remedies for an Achilles tendon rupture?
    • What is the prognosis of an Achilles tendon rupture?
  • Claudication Intermittent claudication, or pain and cramping in the lower leg is caused by inadequate blood flow to the leg muscles. This lack...learn more »
    In This Article
    Claudication Article
    • What is claudication?
    • What causes claudication?
    • What are the symptoms of claudication?
    • Why does claudication come and go?
    • What can cause the artery narrowing that leads to claudication?
    • Who typically is affected by claudication?
    • What are the risk factors for claudication and peripheral vascular disease?
    • How is claudication diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for claudication?
    • Can claudication be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and treatment for patients with intermittent claudication?
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Angina Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Angina Article
    • What is angina?
    • What causes angina?
    • What are the different types of angina?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of angina?
    • How is angina diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for angina?
    • Angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery
    • What are other methods are used to evaluate angina?
    • What is the prognosis for angina?
    • Can angina be prevented?
  • Metabolic Syndrome The main features of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol...learn more »
    In This Article
    Metabolic Syndrome Article
    • What is metabolic syndrome?
    • How is metabolic syndrome defined?
    • How common is metabolic syndrome?
    • What causes, and what are the risk factors of metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of metabolic syndrome?
    • Why should I know about metabolic syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for metabolic syndrome?
    • Diet and metabolic syndrome
    • Exercise and metabolic syndrome
    • Cosmetic surgery to remove fat
    • What if lifestyle changes are not enough to treat metabolic syndrome?
    • Summary
  • Colic in Babies Colic is crying or fussing that begins suddenly, lasting for a total of three hours a day and happening more than three days a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colic in Babies Article
    • Colic facts
    • What is colic?
    • What are colic symptoms and signs in babies?
    • What can be done to help with colic in babies?
    • What can the doctor do to help a colicky baby? What is the treatment for colic in an infant?
  • Morton's Neuroma A Morton's neuroma is an inflamed nerve between the bones at the ball of the foot. Symptoms include a burning, sharp pain on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Morton's Neuroma Article
    • Morton's neuroma facts
    • What is Morton's neuroma?
    • What causes a Morton's neuroma?
    • What are risk factors for developing a Morton's neuroma?
    • What are symptoms of a Morton's neuroma?
    • How is a Morton's neuroma diagnosed?
    • How is a Morton's neuroma treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for a Morton's neuroma?
    • Can a Morton's neuroma be prevented?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Diabetes and Foot Problems Diabetes related foot problems can affect your health with two problems: diabetic neuropathy, where diabetes affects the nerves,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes and Foot Problems Article
    • Diabetes and foot problems facts
    • How can diabetes cause foot problems?
    • What are examples and symptoms of foot problems caused by diabetes?
    • How are foot problems caused by diabetes treated?
    • Can diabetes-related foot problems be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for diabetes-related foot problems?
  • Hodgkin's Disease Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hodgkin's Disease Article
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
    • What is the lymph system?
    • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Who are the doctor's who treat Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do people get a second opinion for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Clinical trials for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Targeted therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Radiation therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Nutrition during cancer treatment
    • What is the follow-up care after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What other support is available for cancer patients?
  • Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. Also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoarthritis Article
    • Osteoarthritis facts
    • What is osteoarthritis?
    • What causes osteoarthritis?
    • What are osteoarthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is osteoarthritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for osteoarthritis?
    • "If I have minimal or no symptoms with early signs of osteoarthritis, what should I do?"
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoarthritis?
    • Can osteoarthritis be prevented?
    • What does the future hold for osteoarthritis?
    • Where can people get more information about osteoarthritis?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • High Blood Pressure Treatment High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Treatment Article
    • What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?
    • Which lifestyle modifications are beneficial in treating high blood pressure?
    • Alcohol
    • Smoking
    • Coffee and caffeinated beverages
    • Salt
    • Other dietary considerations
    • Obesity
    • Exercise and stress reduction
    • How is high blood pressure treated?
    • Starting treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment with combinations of drugs for high blood pressure
    • Emergency treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment during pregnancy
    • Which medications are used to treat high blood pressure?
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE Inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers
    • Beta blockers
    • Diuretics
    • Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)
    • Alpha blockers
    • Clonidine
    • Minoxidil
    • Renin inhibitors
    • Aldosterone blockers
    • Combining agents
    • What about the patient's compliance with medication regimens?
    • Is alternative medicine used to treat high blood pressure?
    • What are the complications of high blood pressure?
    • Can high blood pressure be prevented?
    • What's new in high blood pressure?
  • Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures) A broken bone is a fracture. There are different types of fractures such as compressed, open, stress, greenstick, spiral,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures) Article
    • What is a broken bone (fracture)?
    • What causes a broken bone?
    • What are the most common types of broken bones?
    • Compression fracture
    • Skull fracture
    • Stress fracture
    • What are the most common bones that are broken?
    • Broken hand or fingers
    • Broken wrist
    • Broken hip
    • Broken leg
    • Broken toe
    • Broken shoulder
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a broken bone?
    • When should I call a doctor if I think I have broken a bone?
    • How is a broken bone diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken bone?
    • What about surgery for a broken bone?
    • How can fractures be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a broken bone?
  • Heat Stroke Heat stroke (heatstroke or sun stroke) is a form of hyperthermia. Heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Stroke Article
    • Heat stroke facts
    • What is, and who is at risk for heat stroke?
    • What are heat stroke symptoms and signs?
    • What about heat stroke in children?
    • How do you treat a heat stroke victim?
    • How can heat stroke be prevented?
  • Kyphosis Kyphosis is outward curvature of the thoracic spine (upper back). Abnormal kyphosis results in the appearance of a hunchback,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kyphosis Article
    • Kyphosis facts
    • What is kyphosis?
    • What are the symptoms of kyphosis?
    • What causes abnormal kyphosis? What are the types of kyphosis?
    • When should you seek medical attention?
    • What tests is your physician likely to obtain?
    • How is abnormal kyphosis treated?
    • What are the potential complications of surgery for kyphosis?
    • What ongoing care is required for patients with kyphosis?
    • How can I prevent kyphosis?
    • What is the prognosis for kyphosis?
  • Achondroplasia A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications...learn more »
    In This Article
    Achondroplasia Article
    • Achondroplasia facts
    • What is achondroplasia?
    • What are the characteristics of achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia diagnosed?
    • What can be done for patients with achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia inherited?
    • What if someone with achondroplasia has children?
    • What if two people with achondroplasia have children?
    • What gene causes achondroplasia?
  • Childhood Obesity Fast food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Obesity Article
    • Childhood obesity facts
    • What is childhood obesity? How is childhood obesity diagnosed?
    • How prevalent is childhood obesity?
    • What causes childhood obesity?
    • What are childhood obesity symptoms and signs?
    • What are risk factors for childhood obesity?
    • What are the risks, complications, and long-term health effects of childhood obesity?
    • What is the treatment for childhood obesity?
    • Can childhood obesity be prevented?
    • What research is being done on childhood obesity?
    • Where can people find more information on childhood obesity?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public-health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements
    • Vitamin D
    • Hormone therapy (menopausal hormone therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis due to long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury of the thigh and knee. Symptoms include knee pain and possible swelling. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iliotibial Band Syndrome Article
    • Iliotibial band syndrome facts
    • What is iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What causes iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What are iliotibial band syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is iliotibial band syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What stretches and exercises are beneficial for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What exercises should be avoided with iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for iliotibial band syndrome? Can iliotibial band syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about iliotibial band syndrome?
  • Turf Toe Turf toe is a sprain to the ligaments around the big toe joint. Symptoms and signs include pain, swelling, a popping sound, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Turf Toe Article
    • What causes turf toe?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of turf toe?
    • How is turf toe diagnosed?
    • How is turf toe treated? Is taping or rehab necessary in the treatment of turf toe?
    • Can turf toe be prevented?
  • Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include abdominal cramping, bloating, a feeling of fullness, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Article
    • Menstrual cramps and PMS medication facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
    • What treatments are available for PMS?
    • What medications are used to treat PMS?
    • What are some guidelines for the safe use of OTC products for menstrual cramps and PMS?
  • Sprains and Strains An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sprains and Strains Article
    • Muscle sprains and strains facts
    • What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
    • What causes a sprain or strain?
    • Where do sprains and strains usually occur?
    • What are sprain symptoms and signs?
    • How are sprains and strains diagnosed?
    • How are sprains and strains treated?
    • What is the recovery time for sprains and strains?
    • Can sprains and strains be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of sprains and strains?
    • Where can people find more information about sprains and strains?
  • Heart Attacks in Women Heart disease, particularly coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Women are more likely to die from a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attacks in Women Article
    • One woman's heart attack story
    • What is heart disease?
    • Do women need to worry about heart disease?
    • Do women of color need to worry about heart disease?
    • What can I do to prevent heart disease?
    • What does high blood pressure have to do with heart disease?
    • How can I lower my blood pressure?
    • What does high cholesterol have to do with heart disease?
    • What do my cholesterol and triglyceride numbers mean?
    • How can I lower my cholesterol?
    • How do I know if I have heart disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?
    • One of my family members had a heart attack. Does that mean I'll have one too?
    • Sometimes my heart beats really fast and other times it feels like my heart skips a beat. Am I having a heart attack?
    • Should I take a daily aspirin to prevent heart attack?
    • Does taking birth control pills increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does using the birth control patch increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does menopausal hormone therapy (HT, HRT, ET) increase a woman's risk for heart disease?
    • For more information on heart disease in women
  • Braxton Hicks Contractions (False Labor) Braxton Hicks contractions are also known as false labor pains. Though these irregular uterine contractions may occur in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Braxton Hicks Contractions (False Labor) Article
    • Braxton-Hicks contractions facts
    • What are Braxton-Hicks contractions?
    • How do Braxton-Hicks contractions feel?
    • What can be done if Braxton-Hicks contractions are uncomfortable?
    • When should I call my doctor ?
  • Diabetes Prevention The risks for developing type 2 diabetes include family history, ethnicity, birth weight, metabolic syndrome, and obesity....learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes Prevention Article
    • Type 2 diabetes prevention facts
    • Introduction to diabetes prevention
    • What is type 2 diabetes?
    • What are the risks factors for developing diabetes?
    • What "red flags" or symptoms point to an increased risk for diabetes?
    • Is gestational diabetes a risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life?
    • Diabetes prevention and diet
    • Is there anything that can help to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes?
    • Are there medications that can help to prevent type 2 diabetes?
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth-Disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease affects the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Charcot-Marie-Tooth-Disease Article
    • What is Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease?
    • What causes Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease?
    • What are the types of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease?
    • How is Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease diagnosed?
    • How is Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease treated?
    • What research is being done on Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease?
  • Fitness: Exercise for a Healthy Heart Regular exercise can help reduce the risk of heart disease. To achieve maximum benefits, do a mix of stretching exercise, aerobic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fitness: Exercise for a Healthy Heart Article
    • How Do I Get Started on a Fitness Program?
    • What Type of Exercise Is Best?
    • What Are Examples of Aerobic Exercises?
    • How Often Should I Exercise For A Healthy Heart?
    • What Should I Include in My Fitness Program?
    • What Is the Rated Perceived Exertion Scale?
    • What Are Some Warm-Up Exercises?
    • Exercise while sitting
    • Stretching exercises
    • How Can I Avoid Over Exercising?
    • How Can I Stick With My Fitness Program?
    • General Workout Tips for People With Heart Failure
    • Exercise Precautions
  • Emotional Eating Emotional eating can be detrimental to one's efforts at weight loss. Learning to identify the situations and emotions that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emotional Eating Article
    • How can I identify eating triggers?
    • How do I stop emotional eating?
    • What if distracting myself isn't enough to keep me from overeating?
  • Dislocated Ankle (Ankle Dislocation) Symptoms and signs of a dislocated ankle include pain, swelling, bruising, ankle deformity, and possible numbness and tingling in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dislocated Ankle (Ankle Dislocation) Article
    • Dislocated ankle facts
    • What is a dislocated ankle?
    • What are causes and risk factors for an ankle dislocation?
    • What are dislocated ankle symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose a dislocated ankle?
    • What is the treatment for a dislocated ankle?
    • What is the prognosis of an ankle dislocation?
    • Is it possible to prevent a dislocated ankle?
  • Stretch Marks Stretch marks occur in the dermis, the elastic middle layer of skin that allows it to retain its shape. When the skin is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stretch Marks Article
    • Stretch mark facts
    • What are stretch marks?
    • What causes stretch marks?
    • What are risk factors for stretch marks?
    • What are symptoms and signs of stretch marks?
    • How are stretch marks diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stretch marks?
    • Are there any home remedies for stretch marks?
    • What is the prognosis of stretch marks?
    • Can stretch marks be prevented?
  • Breast Cancer and Lymphedema Lymphedema is a common chronic, debilitating condition in which excess fluid called lymph collects in tissues and causes swelling...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer and Lymphedema Article
    • What is lymphedema?
    • Who is at risk for developing lymphedema?
    • What happens after my breast cancer surgery?
    • What are lymphedema symptoms and signs?
    • How is lymphedema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for lymphedema?
    • How can I help prevent lymphedema?
    • What can I do if I already have lymphedema?
    • What is the prognosis for lymphedema?
  • Lower Cholesterol Levels with Diet and Medication Cholesterol is naturally produced by the body, and is a building block for cell membranes and hormones. Low-density lipoprotein...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lower Cholesterol Levels with Diet and Medication Article
    • Cholesterol levels facts
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are LDL and HDL cholesterol?
    • What determines the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood?
    • Does lowering LDL cholesterol prevent heart attacks and strokes?
    • How can LDL cholesterol levels be lowered?
    • What are "normal" cholesterol blood levels?
    • What are the 2013 ACC/AHA Guidelines?
    • Why is HDL the good cholesterol?
    • What are LDL/HDL and total/HDL ratios?
    • How can levels of HDL cholesterol be increased?
    • What are triglycerides and VLDL?
    • Do high triglyceride levels cause atherosclerosis?
    • What causes elevated triglyceride levels?
    • How can elevated blood triglyceride levels be treated?
    • What are cholesterol-lowering foods?
    • What medications are available to lower cholesterol, lipids, and triglycerides?
    • Is lowering LDL cholesterol enough?
  • Oral Health and Bone Disease Osteoporosis may be linked to bone loss in the jaw, which in turn, leads to tooth loss. Low bone density may result in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Oral Health and Bone Disease Article
    • Oral health and bone disease facts*
    • Introduction to oral health and bone disease
    • Skeletal bone density and dental concerns
    • Periodontal disease and bone health
    • The role of the dentist and dental X-rays
    • The effects of osteoporosis treatments on oral health
    • Taking steps for healthy bones
  • Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Article
    • Homocysteine, folic acid, and B vitamins
    • What about antioxidants for heart attack prevention?
    • How about exercise for heart attack prevention?
    • What about smoking cessation for heart attack prevention?
    • Recommendations to prevent heart attacks
  • Exercise-Induced Asthma Exercise-induced asthma is asthma triggered by vigorous exercise. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Exercise-Induced Asthma Article
    • What is exercise-induced asthma?
    • Why does exercise induce asthma?
    • If I have asthma, should I avoid exercise?
    • Can my exercise-induced asthma be prevented?
    • What are the best exercises for someone with asthma?
    • Are there some tips to prevent and treat exercise-induced asthma?
  • Juvenile Bone Health Setting a good example for your children when it comes to diet and exercise will help them to make healthy decisions about...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Bone Health Article
    • Why is childhood such an important time for bone development?
    • What is osteoporosis? Isn't it something old people get?
    • How can I help keep my kids' bones healthy?
    • How can I persuade my daughter to drink milk instead of diet soda? She thinks milk will make her fat.
    • But my kids don't like milk.
    • My teenage son loves milk, but it seems to upset his stomach. Could he have lactose intolerance?
    • My daughter is constantly dieting. Should I be concerned?
    • Should I give my kids calcium supplements?
    • How does physical activity help my kids' bones?
    • Is it possible to get too much exercise?
    • What else can my kids do besides eating calcium-rich foods and getting plenty of weight-bearing exercise to keep their bones healthy?
    • My son has asthma and takes a steroid medication to control it. His doctor said this might affect his bones. Is there anything we can do about this?
    • My 8-year-old son is a daredevil and has already broken several bones. could he have a problem like osteoporosis at this young age?
    • How can I get through to my kids? They sure don't think about their bones.
    • Where can I go for more information?