Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Vitamins and Calcium Supplements. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Vitamins and Calcium Supplements or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Vitamin D Deficiency Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with rickets, cancer, cardiovascular disease, severe asthma in children and cognitive...learn more »
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes of hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic or androgenic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Article
    • Hypercalcemia facts
    • Hypercalcemia Introduction
    • What are the causes of hypercalcemia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia?
    • How is hypercalcemia diagnosed?
    • How is hypercalcemia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for hypercalcemia?
    • Can hypercalcemia be prevented?
  • Osteopenia Osteopenia is a bone condition characterized by bone loss that is not as severe as in osteoporosis. Bone fracture is the typical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteopenia Article
    • Osteopenia facts
    • What is osteopenia?
    • What causes osteopenia?
    • What are osteopenia symptoms and signs?
    • Why is osteopenia important?
    • When should I see my doctor for osteopenia?
    • How is osteopenia diagnosed?
    • Who should be tested for osteopenia?
    • What is the treatment for osteopenia?
    • What follow-up is needed after treatment of osteopenia has been initiated?
    • Can osteopenia be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of osteopenia?
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is considered to be a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMDD has also been...learn more »
    In This Article
    Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Article
    • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) facts
    • What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)?
    • What causes PMDD?
    • What are the symptoms of PMDD?
    • When should I call a doctor about PMDD?
    • How is PMDD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for PMDD?
    • What are the complications of PMDD?
    • Can PMDD be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for PMDD?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements
    • Vitamin D
    • Hormone therapy (hormone replacement therapy, menopausal replacement therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis caused by long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy medication
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • Rickets Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium or phosphate. Infants and children who are exclusively breastfed, have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rickets Article
    • Rickets facts
    • What is rickets?
    • What is the history of rickets?
    • What causes rickets?
    • What are rickets symptoms and signs?
    • How is rickets diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for rickets?
    • What is the prognosis for rickets?
    • How can rickets be prevented?
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Skin Cancer Skin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Skin Cancer Article
    • What is skin cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
    • What causes skin cancer?
    • What are the different types of skin cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of skin cancer?
    • When is a mole dangerous or high-risk for becoming a skin cancer?
    • What are the most common sites where skin cancer develops?
    • How is skin cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the staging for skin cancer?
    • What is the treatment for skin cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for skin cancer?
    • Can skin cancer be prevented?
    • Sunscreen use and vitamin D
  • Prevention Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to control celiac disease, diabetes, and high blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prevention Article
    • Maintaining health
    • Preventing and controlling diseases
    • Vitamins and minerals to maintain health
    • Vitamin supplements to prevent diseases
    • Diets to control and/or treat diseases
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy planning facts
    • What is pregnancy planning and why is it important?
    • What are pregnancy symptoms?
    • What is a pregnancy calculator and calendar?
    • Who effective are home pregnancy tests?
    • How can diet and nutrition affect early pregnancy?
    • How does alcohol affect pregnancy?
    • How do high blood pressure and diabetes affect pregnancy?
    • What are examples of commonly-used medications that are dangerous in pregnancy?
    • How do kidney and heart disease affect pregnancy?
    • What infections affect pregnancy?
    • What inherited (genetic) diseases can play a role in pregnancy planning?
    • Is it safe to exercise during pregnancy?
    • Can I travel by air during pregnancy?
    • Can I have intercourse during pregnancy?
    • How soon after stopping birth control can I become pregnant?
    • How do we maximize our chances of becoming pregnant?
    • Can I do something to help my chances of conceiving a boy or a girl?
  • Sunscreen Sunscreens are crucial for sun protection. Sun damage to the skin from exposure to ultraviolet rays is a risk factor for skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunscreen Article
    • What is sun protection?
    • How is sunburn best prevented?
    • What is sunscreen?
    • What is meant by SPF?
    • Are all sunscreens equally effective against UV radiation?
    • How do sunscreens work, and which sunscreen ingredients protect against both types of UV radiation?
    • How should skin sunscreens be applied?
    • Do water or perspiration wash off sunscreen?
    • Can sunscreens cause a skin reaction?
    • Should everyone use sunscreen protection?
    • Can the labels on sunscreen products be trusted in the U.S.?
    • Do all tanning products contain sunscreens?
    • What kind of sunglasses should be worn?
    • Is sunscreen protection necessary in the winter?
    • Are a good sunscreen and sunglasses enough?
  • Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Article
    • Homocysteine, folic acid, and B vitamins
    • What about antioxidants for heart attack prevention?
    • How about exercise for heart attack prevention?
    • What about smoking cessation for heart attack prevention?
    • Recommendations to prevent heart attacks
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cancer of the cervix
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Disease Prevention in Men Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Men Article
    • Disease prevention in men introduction
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Cancer of colon and rectum /polyps of colon and rectum
    • Prostate cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
    • Bladder cancer
  • Juvenile Bone Health Setting a good example for your children when it comes to diet and exercise will help them to make healthy decisions about...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Bone Health Article
    • Why is childhood such an important time for bone development?
    • What is osteoporosis? Isn't it something old people get?
    • How can I help keep my kids' bones healthy?
    • How can I persuade my daughter to drink milk instead of diet soda? She thinks milk will make her fat.
    • But my kids don't like milk.
    • My teenage son loves milk, but it seems to upset his stomach. Could he have lactose intolerance?
    • My daughter is constantly dieting. Should I be concerned?
    • Should I give my kids calcium supplements?
    • How does physical activity help my kids' bones?
    • Is it possible to get too much exercise?
    • What else can my kids do besides eating calcium-rich foods and getting plenty of weight-bearing exercise to keep their bones healthy?
    • My son has asthma and takes a steroid medication to control it. His doctor said this might affect his bones. Is there anything we can do about this?
    • My 8-year-old son is a daredevil and has already broken several bones. could he have a problem like osteoporosis at this young age?
    • How can I get through to my kids? They sure don't think about their bones.
    • Where can I go for more information?