Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Vitamins and Calcium Supplements. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Vitamins and Calcium Supplements or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Vitamin D Deficiency Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with rickets, cancer, cardiovascular disease, severe asthma in children and cognitive...learn more »
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimester of her pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes and risk factors for hair loss?
    • What types of doctors treat hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic or androgenic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss? Are there home remedies for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • What is the prognosis for hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public-health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose osteoporosis?
    • What types of specialists treat osteoporosis?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements for osteoporosis
    • Vitamin D for osteoporosis
    • Can adding certain foods to one's diet help to prevent osteoporosis?
    • Are there foods to avoid when it comes to osteoporosis?
    • Hormone therapy (menopausal hormone therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis due to long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • Tongue Problems There are a variety of diseases and conditions that can cause tongue problems, discoloration, and soreness. Though most tongue...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tongue Problems Article
    • Tongue facts
    • What are common tongue problems?
    • What causes tongue problems?
    • What are the risk factors for tongue problems?
    • White tongue
    • Red tongue
    • Black tongue
    • Increased size or tongue swelling
    • Growths on the tongue
    • Abnormalities of the tongue surface
    • Tongue pain
    • Altered sensation of the tongue
    • Taste problems
    • Problems with tongue movement
    • What are tongue problems in infants and children?
    • What are tongue problems in pregnancy?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose tongue problems?
    • Are there home remedies for tongue problems?
    • What are the treatments for tongue problems?
    • Is it possible to prevent tongue problems?
    • What is the prognosis for tongue problems?
  • Osteopenia Osteopenia is a bone condition characterized by bone loss that is not as severe as in osteoporosis. Bone fracture is the typical...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteopenia Article
    • Osteopenia facts
    • What is osteopenia?
    • Osteopenia vs. osteoporosis
    • What risk factors and causes of osteopenia?
    • What are osteopenia symptoms and signs?
    • Why is osteopenia important?
    • When should someone see a doctor for osteopenia?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose osteopenia?
    • Who should be tested for osteopenia?
    • What is the treatment for osteopenia?
    • What follow-up is needed after treatment of osteopenia has been initiated?
    • What types of specialists treat osteopenia?
    • Is it possible to prevent osteopenia?
    • What is the prognosis of osteopenia?
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Article
    • Erectile dysfunction (impotence) facts
    • What is erectile dysfunction (ED)?
    • What are erectile dysfunction symptoms and signs?
    • What is normal penis anatomy?
    • How common is erectile dysfunction?
    • How does erection occur?
    • How is erection sustained?
    • What are erectile dysfunction risk factors?
    • What causes erectile dysfunction?
    • How is erectile dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What drugs treat erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the treatment for erectile dysfunction?
    • Oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors
    • Sildenafil (Viagra)
    • Vardenafil (Levitra)
    • Tadalafil (Cialis)
    • Avanafil (Stendra)
    • What are intracavernosal injections?
    • What are intraurethral suppositories?
    • How effective is testosterone in treating erectile dysfunction?
    • Can a penis pump (vacuum device) help erectile dysfunction?
    • Can low testosterone level be replaced?
    • What about psychological therapy for erectile dysfunction?
    • Surgery for erectile dysfunction
    • Can over-the-counter (OTC) and/or natural or home remedies treat erectile dysfunction?
    • Is it possible to prevent erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the prognosis for erectile dysfunction?
    • What research is being done for erectile dysfunction?
  • Skin Cancer Skin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Skin Cancer Article
    • What is skin cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
    • What causes skin cancer?
    • What are the different types of skin cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of skin cancer?
    • When is a mole dangerous or high-risk for becoming a skin cancer?
    • What are the most common sites where skin cancer develops?
    • How is skin cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the staging for skin cancer?
    • What is the treatment for skin cancer?
    • What kinds of doctors treat skin cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for skin cancer?
    • Can skin cancer be prevented?
    • Sunscreen use and vitamin D
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is considered to be a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMDD has also been...learn more »
    In This Article
    Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Article
    • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) facts
    • What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)?
    • What causes PMDD?
    • What are the symptoms of PMDD?
    • When should I call a doctor about PMDD?
    • How is PMDD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for PMDD?
    • What are the complications of PMDD?
    • Can PMDD be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for PMDD?
  • Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Article
    • Hypercalcemia facts
    • Hypercalcemia Introduction
    • What are the causes of hypercalcemia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia?
    • How is hypercalcemia diagnosed?
    • How is hypercalcemia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for hypercalcemia?
    • Can hypercalcemia be prevented?
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Rickets Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Infants and children who are exclusively breastfed, have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rickets Article
    • Rickets facts
    • What is rickets?
    • What is the history of rickets?
    • What causes rickets?
    • What are rickets symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose rickets?
    • What is the treatment for rickets?
    • Who are the specialists who treat rickets?
    • What is the prognosis for rickets?
    • Is it possible to prevent rickets?
  • Prevention Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to control celiac disease, diabetes, and high blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prevention Article
    • Maintaining health
    • Preventing and controlling diseases
    • Vitamins and minerals to maintain health
    • Vitamin supplements to prevent diseases
    • Diets to control and/or treat diseases
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy planning facts
    • What is pregnancy planning?
    • What are pre-pregnancy planning goals?
    • What is a pregnancy calendar or calculator?
    • How soon can a woman start trying to conceive after stopping birth control?
    • What are dietary considerations for pregnancy planning?
    • How much weight gain is recommended in pregnancy?
    • What about alcohol consumption and pregnancy planning?
    • What infections should be avoided in pregnancy?
    • Should I exercise when pregnant?
    • Is it safe to have sexual intercourse during pregnancy?
    • Is air travel safe for pregnant women?
    • Do medications need to be stopped when planning pregnancy or when a woman becomes pregnant?
  • Are Canker Sores Contagious? Canker sores or aphthous ulcers are one of the most common causes of painful sores in the mouth. The actual cause of canker sores...learn more »
    In This Article
    Are Canker Sores Contagious? Article
    • What are canker sores?
    • Are canker sores contagious?
    • How will I know if I have a canker sore?
    • How do canker sores spread?
    • When will I know I’m cured of canker sores?
    • When should I contact a doctor about canker sores?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction to children's health
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Sunscreen Sunscreens are crucial for sun protection. Sun damage to the skin from exposure to ultraviolet rays is a risk factor for skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunscreen Article
    • What is sun protection?
    • How is sunburn best prevented?
    • What is sunscreen?
    • What is meant by SPF?
    • Are all sunscreens equally effective against UV radiation?
    • How do sunscreens work, and which sunscreen ingredients protect against both types of UV radiation?
    • How should skin sunscreens be applied?
    • Do water or perspiration wash off sunscreen?
    • Can sunscreens cause a skin reaction?
    • Should everyone use sunscreen protection?
    • Can the labels on sunscreen products be trusted in the U.S.?
    • Do all tanning products contain sunscreens?
    • What kind of sunglasses offer protection against UV rays?
    • Is sunscreen protection necessary in the winter?
    • Are a good sunscreen and sunglasses enough?
  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC) Primary biliary sclerosis (PBC) is thought to be an autoimmune disorder that involves the deterioration of the liver's small bile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC) Article
    • PBC facts
    • What treatments are used in patients with PBC?
    • Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)
    • Colchicine (Colcrys)
    • Immunosuppressive medications
    • Corticosteroids
    • Budesonide (Entocort)
    • Azathioprine (Imuran)
    • Cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Neoral, Gengraf)
    • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
    • Obeticolic acid (Ocaliva)
    • Cholestyramine (Questran) for itching
    • Rifampin for itching
    • Opiod antagonists for itching
    • Charcoal hemoperfusion for itching
    • Osteoporosis medications
    • Treatment of elevated serum cholesterol and xanthomas
    • Treatment of malabsorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K)
    • Treatment of edema and ascites
    • Treatment of bleeding from varices
    • Treatment of hepatic encephalopathy
    • Treatment of enlarged spleen
    • Treatment of Sicca syndrome
    • Treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon
    • Treatment of scleroderma
    • Treatment of gallstones
    • Which specialties of doctors treat PBC?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in PBC?
    • What is the future for PBC?
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cervical cancer
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Disease Prevention in Men Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Men Article
    • Disease prevention in men introduction
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
    • Cancer of colon and rectum/polyps of colon and rectum
    • Prostate cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
    • Bladder cancer
  • Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Article
    • Homocysteine, folic acid, and B vitamins
    • What about antioxidants for heart attack prevention?
    • How about exercise for heart attack prevention?
    • What about smoking cessation for heart attack prevention?
    • Recommendations to prevent heart attacks
  • Juvenile Bone Health Setting a good example for your children when it comes to diet and exercise will help them to make healthy decisions about...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Bone Health Article
    • Why Is Childhood Such an Important Time for Bone Development?
    • What Is Osteoporosis? Isn't It Something Old People Get?
    • How Can I Help Keep My Kids' Bones Healthy?
    • How Can I Persuade My Daughter to Drink Milk Instead of Diet Soda? She Thinks Milk Will Make Her Fat.
    • But My Kids Don't Like Milk.
    • My Teenage Son Loves Milk, But It Seems to Upset His Stomach. Could He Have Lactose Intolerance?
    • My Daughter Is Constantly Dieting. Should I Be Concerned?
    • Should I Give My Kids Calcium Supplements?
    • How Does Physical Activity Help My Kids' Bones?
    • Is It Possible to Get Too Much Exercise?
    • What Else Can My Kids Do Besides Eating Calcium-Rich Foods and Getting Plenty of Weight-Bearing Exercise to Keep Their Bones Healthy?
    • My Son Has Asthma and Takes a Steroid Medication to Control It. His Doctor Said This Might Affect His Bones. Is There Anything We Can Do About This?
    • My 8-Year-Old Son Is a Daredevil and Has Already Broken Several Bones. Could He Have a Problem Like Osteoporosis at This Young Age?
    • How Can I Get Through to My Kids? They Sure Don't Think About Their Bones.
    • Where Can I Go for More Information?