GENERIC NAME: Vitamin E, alpha-tocopherol, tocopherol
BRAND NAME: Aquasol, many others
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
USES: Vitamin E products are used for treating vitamin E deficiency.
SIDE EFFECTS: The common side effects of vitamin E are:
Possible serious side effects of vitamin E include:
- Kidney problems
- Stroke from bleeding in the brain
- Enterocolitis in infants
- Vitamin E may suppress antioxidants
Some studies suggest an increase in the risk of death from taking 400 IU/day or more of vitamin E.
DOSING: The recommended dose for treating vitamin E deficiency is 60-75 IU/day.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: High doses of vitamin E and anticoagulant or antiplatelet agents might increase the risk of bleeding because vitamin E blocks the ability of platelets to form clots and also blocks the effect of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors.
PREGNANCY AND BREASTFEEDING SAFETY: Intake of vitamin E within recommended daily allowance levels is safe to use during pregnancy.
Vitamin E is secreted in breast milk and is considered safe to use during breastfeeding.
PREPARATIONS: Capsule: 200, 400, 600, and 1000 units; Solution: 15 units/0.3 ml; Liquid: 400 units/15 ml
STORAGE: Vitamin E should be stored at room temperature, 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F).
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin with antioxidant properties. Vegetable oils, eggs, fruit, green leafy vegetables, meat, fortified cereals, nuts, poultry, and whole grains are natural sources of vitamin E. Vitamin E scavenges free radicals that can damage cells and cause cancer, heart disease, and other conditions. Most people obtain enough vitamin E from their diet. However, people with liver disease, cystic fibrosis, and Crohn's disease may require vitamin E supplements.
Reference: US National Library of Medicine Medline Plus; Medscape; Natural Medicines
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