Vitamin D Deficiency

  • Author:
    Betty Kovacs, MS, RD

    Betty is a Registered Dietitian who earned her B.S. degree in Food and Nutrition from Marymount College of Fordham University and her M.S. degree in Clinical Nutrition from New York University. She is the Co-Director and Director of nutrition for the New York Obesity Research Center Weight Loss Program.

  • Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Quick GuideNutritional Health Pictures Slideshow: Amazing Vitamin D, Nutrition's Newest Star

Nutritional Health Pictures Slideshow: Amazing Vitamin D, Nutrition's Newest Star

Is it possible to prevent vitamin D deficiency?

A few foods naturally contain vitamin D, and other foods are fortified with it. Most people can get at least some of their vitamin D needs from the sun. The amount found in food is not enough for treating a deficiency and may not be enough for most people to maintain adequate levels unless combined with sun exposure. Still, getting it from your diet when possible is a good idea.

  • 1 tsp cod liver oil has 400 to 1,000 IU/vitamin D
  • 3.5 oz salmon, fresh (wild) has 600 to 1,000 IU/vitamin D
  • 3.5 oz salmon, fresh (farmed) has 100 to 250 IU/vitamin D
  • 3.5 oz salmon, canned has 300 to 600 IU/vitamin D
  • 3.5 oz sardines, canned has about 300 IU/vitamin D
  • 3.5 oz mackerel, canned has about 250 IU/vitamin D
  • 3.5 oz tuna, canned has 236 IU/vitamin D
  • 3.5 oz shiitake mushrooms (fresh) has about 100 IU/vitamin D
  • 3.5 oz shiitake mushrooms (sun-dried) has about 1,600 IU/vitamin D
  • 1 egg yolk has about 20 IU/vitamin D
  • 8 oz fortified milk or yogurt has 100 IU/vitamin D
  • 8 oz fortified orange juice has about 100 IU/vitamin D
  • 3 oz fortified cheese has about 100 IU/vitamin D Continue Reading
Reviewed on 6/9/2016
References
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