Vertigo

Symptom Checker: Symptoms & Signs Index

Medical Author:

Related
Symptoms & Signs

Vertigo is a feeling that you are dizzily turning around or that your surroundings are dizzily turning about you. Vertigo is usually due to a problem with the inner ear but can also be caused by vision problems and other conditions. Vertigo is medically distinct from dizziness, lightheadedness, and unsteadiness in that vertigo involves the sensation of movement. Vertigo may be described as a feeling that you yourself are spinning around, known as subjective vertigo, or the feeling of rotation of the surrounding environment, known as objective vertigo. The spinning sensation of vertigo may be accompanied by other symptoms, including nausea and vomiting.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/6/2009

Health concern on your mind? Visit the Symptom Checker.

REFERENCE:

Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.

Main Article on Vertigo
  • Vertigo Overview Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or rocking, even when someone is at rest. Vertigo may be caused by a problem in the brain or...learn more »
Causes of Vertigo
    • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
      In This Article
      Alcoholism Article
      • Alcohol use disorder facts
      • What is alcohol abuse?
      • What is alcoholism?
      • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
      • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
      • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
      • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
      • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
      • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
      • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
      • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
      • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
      • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
      • Is there a safe level of drinking?
      • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
      • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
      • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
      • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
      • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
      • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
    • Brain Tumor A brain tumor can be either benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), primary, or secondary. Causes and risk factors...learn more »
      In This Article
      Brain Tumor Article
      • Brain tumor facts*
      • What is the brain?
      • What are the tumor grades and types?
      • Tumor grade
      • Types of primary brain tumors
      • What are the risk factors for brain tumors?
      • What are the symptoms of a brain tumor?
      • How are brain tumors diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a brain tumor?
      • What type of surgery is available for brain tumors?
      • Radiation therapy for brain tumors
      • Chemotherapy for brain tumors
      • What about a second opinion for brain tumor treatment?
      • Nutrition during brain tumor treatment
      • What supportive care is available for patients and caregivers?
      • What about rehabilitation after brain tumor treatment?
      • What about follow-up care after brain tumor treatment?
      • Sources of support
      • Taking part in cancer research
    • Ear Infection (Otitis Media) Middle ear infection or inflammation (otitis media) is inflammation fo the middle ear. There are two types of otitis media, acute...learn more »
      In This Article
      Ear Infection (Otitis Media) Article
      • Otitis media (ear infection or inflammation) facts
      • What is otitis media?
      • What are the symptoms of acute middle ear infection?
      • "Are ear infections contagious?
      • How common is acute otitis media?
      • Why do young children tend to have middle ear infections or inflammation?
      • How does the Eustachian tube change as a child gets older?
      • What microorganisms cause otitis media?
      • What is the relationship between bottlefeeding and middle ear infection or inflammation?
      • What are the risk factors for acute middle ear infection or inflammation?
      • How is otitis media diagnosed?
      • How is acute middle ear infection or inflammation treated?
      • Are there any home remedies for acute ear infection (otitis media)?
      • What causes chronic middle ear infection or inflammation?
      • What happens to the eardrum in chronic middle ear infection or inflammation?
      • What happens to the eardrum if a hole develops in the eardrum?
      • How is chronic middle ear infection or inflammation treated?
      • What are the goals of otitis media surgery?
      • What is serious middle ear infection or inflammation?
      • What limitations are there on a child with middle ear infection or inflammation?
      • Can otitis media (middle ear infection or inflammation) be prevented?
    • Meniere's Disease Meniere disease (idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops) is an inner ear disorder with symptoms that include vertigo, tinnitus, hearing...learn more »
      In This Article
      Meniere's Disease Article
      • Meniere's disease facts
      • What is Meniere's disease?
      • What causes Meniere's disease?
      • What are the symptoms of Meniere's disease?
      • How is Meniere's disease diagnosed?
      • How can Meniere's disease be treated?
    • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
      In This Article
      Migraine Headache Article
      • What is a migraine?
      • What are the risk factors for migraine?
      • What causes migraines?
      • What triggers migraines?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
      • How are migraines diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for migraines?
      • What self-care treatment measures work for migraines?
      • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
      • How are migraines managed in children?
      • What is the prognosis for migraines?
      • Can migraines be prevented?
    • Motion Sickness Motion sickness is a feeling of unwellness caused by the inner ear and balance systems. Motion sickness can include sea sickness,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Motion Sickness Article
      • What is motion sickness?
      • Who is at risk for motion sickness?
      • What are causes of motion sickness?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of motion sickness?
      • When should I call a doctor for motion sickness?
      • How is motion sickness diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for motion sickness?
      • Home remedies for motion sickness
      • OTC and prescription medication for motion sickness
      • Can motion sickness be prevented?
    • Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage results...learn more »
      In This Article
      Multiple Sclerosis Article
      • What is multiple sclerosis?
      • What causes multiple sclerosis?
      • What are the risk factors for developing multiple sclerosis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
      • What are the different types of multiple sclerosis?
      • How is multiple sclerosis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment of multiple sclerosis?
      • What is the prognosis and life expectancy with multiple sclerosis?
      • Can multiple sclerosis be prevented?
      • What research is being done on multiple sclerosis?
    • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stroke Article
      • Stroke facts
      • What is a stroke?
      • What are the different types of stroke?
      • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
      • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
      • How is a stroke diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for stroke?
      • What is the prognosis for stroke?
      • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
      • What is stroke rehabilitation?
      • Can strokes be prevented?
Other Causes of Vertigo
  • Acoustic Neuromas and Other Cerebellopontine Angle (CPA) Tumors
  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (Cupulolithiasis)
  • Inner Ear or Head Trauma
  • Labyrinthitis (Inflammation of the Inner Ear)
  • Medications (Both Prescription and Nonprescription)
  • Vertebral Basilar Insufficiency
  • Virus Infections of Inner Ear
Examples of Medications for Vertigo