• Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

  • Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
    John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

    John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

    John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.

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Can vaginitis be prevented?

Vaginitis due to STDs can be prevented by practicing safe sex or abstinence. It is not possible to prevent all cases of yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis. Attention to hygiene practices and avoiding spread of fecal material to the vagina may help prevent vaginitis in young girls.

What is the prognosis for vaginitis?

Most cases of vaginitis do not cause long-term problems when properly treated. If untreated, vaginal infections may spread to other pelvic organs, a condition known as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can be serious and result in impaired fertility. Sometimes, vaginitis recurs even after successful treatment, and another course of treatment is necessary.

STDs that occur in pregnant women should also be promptly treated to avoid complications for the mother or baby.

Medically reviewed by Steven Nelson, MD; Board Certified Obstetrics and Gynecology

REFERENCES: Bacterial Vaginosis Fact Sheet. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). Vaginitis Treatment & Management

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/20/2015

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