Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
Vulvodynia can be treated with
medications and/or self-care (home remedy) measures. No one treatment is effective for all
Local anesthetics, local estrogen
antidepressants, and anticonvulsive drugs are examples of medical
treatments for vulvodynia.
Biofeedback, exercises, and nerve
blocks may benefit other women.
Vulvodynia is not associated with
cancer or serious medical conditions, but it can be a source of long-term
physical and emotional discomfort.
What are vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
Vulvodynia refers to pain in the area of the vulva and vaginal opening.
Vulvodynia is considered to be pain for which there is no known cause. It is
different from pain that is located deep in the pelvis or internally in the
vagina. This article focuses on pain in the vulvar region and at the opening
(introitus) of the vagina.
Vulvodynia can be chronic and can last for years in some women. The degree of
severity varies among women. It often occurs in the absence of physical signs or
visible abnormalities. It can be severe and can interfere with sexual activity
and cause painful intercourse ( dyspareunia).
Reviewed by Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP on 4/5/2013
Pain in the vagina or the female external genital organs (the vulva, which includes the labia, clitoris, and entrance to the vagina) most commonly is a result of infection. Vaginal pain during sexual intercourse is referred to as dyspareunia. Infection of the vagina is referred to as vaginitis.