Vaccination FAQs Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Vaccination FAQs that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Allergy An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. ...learn more »
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lyme Disease Article
    • Lyme disease facts
    • What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
    • What is the history of Lyme disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Lyme disease?
    • How is Lyme disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Lyme disease, and what is its prognosis?
    • How can Lyme disease be prevented? Is there a vaccine?
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Aches, pain, fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should I take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should I seek medical care for a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • What is the prevention for a fever?
  • Mumps Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mumps Article
    • Mumps facts
    • What is mumps?
    • What is the history of mumps?
    • What causes mumps? How is mumps transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for contracting mumps?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of mumps in children and adults?
    • How is mumps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mumps in adults and in children?
    • What are complications of mumps?
    • Can mumps be prevented? Is there a vaccine for mumps?
    • What is the prognosis of a mumps infection?
    • Where can people find more information on mumps?
  • Shingles Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other symptoms include headache, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles Article
    • Shingles facts
    • What is shingles? What does shingles look like?
    • What causes shingles?
    • What are risk factors for shingles?
    • What is the contagious period for shingles?
    • What are shingles symptoms and signs?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles?
    • Are there any home remedies for shingles?
    • What is the duration of a shingles outbreak?
    • What are complications of shingles?
    • What can be done for recurrent shingles?
    • What is the prognosis of shingles?
    • Is it possible to prevent shingles with a vaccine?
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B infection?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B infection?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Cancer Article
    • Cervical cancer facts*
    • What is the cervix?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the risk factors and causes of cervical cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
    • How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging of cervical cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for cervical cancer?
    • What are methods of treatment for cervical cancer?
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What follow-up care is involved after cervical cancer treatment?
    • What support, research, and clinical trials information is available for cervical cancer patients?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Tetanus Tetanus is an often-fatal disease caused by nerve toxins produced by the common bacteria Clostridium tetani. In a seven-day...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tetanus Article
    • Tetanus facts
    • What is tetanus?
    • Where do tetanus bacteria grow in the body?
    • How does the tetanus toxin cause damage to the body?
    • What is the incubation period for tetanus?
    • What is the course of the tetanus disease? What are the symptoms and signs of tetanus?
    • What is the treatment for tetanus?
    • How is tetanus prevented?
    • What is the schedule for active immunization ("tetanus shots")?
    • What are the side effects of tetanus immunization?
    • What is passive immunization (by way of specialized immunoglobulin)?
  • Genital Warts (HPV) Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the U.S. HPV is primarily transmitted...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genital Warts (HPV) Article
    • Genital warts (HPV) facts
    • What are human papillomaviruses (HPVs)?
    • How common is HPV infection?
    • What are the symptoms of genital warts?
    • How is HPV infection diagnosed?
    • Is there a DNA test for types of HPV infection?
    • How are genital warts diagnosed?
    • How is infection with HPV treated?
    • External genital warts
    • Precancerous changes (dysplasia) of the uterine cervix
    • Can HPV infection be prevented?
    • What should one do if exposed to a person with genital warts?
  • Mercury Poisoning Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury is also contained in some fish, some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mercury Poisoning Article
    • Mercury introduction
    • General information about mercury and mercury exposure
    • What are the health effects and symptoms of mercury exposure or poisoning?
    • What about mercury in batteries?
    • What about mercury in dental amalgam?
    • What about mercury in fish?
    • What about mercury in fluorescent light bulbs?
    • What about thimerosal in vaccines?
    • What about mercury in thermometers for fever?
    • What about mercury in recycling and waste disposal?
    • How are mercury spills cleaned up?
    • What are more mercury-containing products?
    • How can I find out about mercury exposure where I live?
  • Rotavirus Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among infants and children throughout the world. Almost all children have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rotavirus Article
    • Rotavirus infection facts
    • What is rotavirus?
    • What causes rotavirus infection?
    • What are risk factors for rotavirus infection?
    • What are rotavirus symptoms and signs?
    • How is rotavirus infection spread?
    • How is rotavirus infection diagnosed?
    • How is rotavirus infection treated?
    • What is the prognosis of rotavirus infection?
    • Can rotavirus infection be prevented with a vaccine? Are any side effects associated with the rotavirus vaccine?
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
    • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
    • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
    • What causes whooping cough?
    • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
    • Can whooping cough be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted?
    • Can adults get whooping cough?
    • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
    • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
    • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
    • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
  • Genital Warts in Men (HPV Virus) The HPV virus (genital warts) in men can cause health problems. Genital warts are confined primarily to the moist skin of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genital Warts in Men (HPV Virus) Article
    • HPV virus (genital warts ) in men introduction
    • Risks of HPV virus in men
    • Male HPV: The symptoms
    • Tests for HPV virus in men
    • Treatments for HPV
    • Is there an HPV vaccine for men?
    • How to manage HPV in a relationship
    • How to prevent transmission of HPV
  • Anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that affects a number of different areas of the body at one time, and can be fatal....learn more »
    In This Article
    Anaphylaxis Article
    • Anaphylaxis facts
    • Introduction to anaphylaxis
    • What is the history of anaphylaxis?
    • How common is anaphylaxis?
    • What are common causes of anaphylaxis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis?
    • What happens after the symptoms begin?
    • Are there any disorders that appear similar to anaphylaxis?
    • How is anaphylaxis diagnosed?
    • How do we manage anaphylaxis?
    • What are emergency measures used in the treatment of anaphylaxis?
    • Can anaphylaxis be prevented?
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles?
    • What is rubeola?
    • What is rubella?
    • What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • What causes measles?
    • How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • If I am exposed, how long does it take to develop symptoms and signs?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications seen with measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • What should I do if I have been exposed to measles?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • If measles only rarely occurs in the United States, why should I get vaccinated?
    • Do I need to be revaccinated against measles if I am traveling to Europe?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • How can I prevent contracting measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from vaccines?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • What adverse reactions can occur to the measles vaccination?
    • Who should be revaccinated against measles?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Anthrax Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anthrax Article
    • Anthrax facts
    • What is anthrax?
    • What causes anthrax?
    • How is anthrax contracted?
    • How common is anthrax?
    • How long is the incubation period with anthrax?
    • What kinds of diseases does anthrax cause?
    • How is the diagnosis made of anthrax?
    • How is anthrax treated?
    • How can anthrax be prevented?
  • Chickenpox (Varicella) Chickenpox (chicken pox) is a contagious childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms have an incubation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chickenpox (Varicella) Article
    • Chickenpox facts
    • What is chickenpox? What causes chickenpox?
    • How does chickenpox spread?
    • What are chickenpox symptoms and signs?
    • What are treatment options for chickenpox?
    • What are the possible complications of chickenpox?
    • Can chickenpox be prevented with a vaccine?
  • Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) is one type of liver disease caused by a virus. Since...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Article
    • Hepatitis A facts*
    • What is hepatitis A?
    • What is the liver?
    • Who gets hepatitis A?
    • How could I get hepatitis A?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis A?
    • How is hepatitis A diagnosed?
    • How is hepatitis A treated?
    • How can I avoid getting hepatitis A?
    • What should I do if I think I have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information
    • Acknowledgments
  • Cholera Cholera is an infectious disease characterized by intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea and that rapidly lease to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholera Article
    • Cholera facts
    • What is cholera?
    • What are cholera symptoms and signs?
    • What causes cholera, and how is cholera transmitted?
    • What is the history of cholera?
    • Who is at risk for cholera, and where do cholera outbreaks occur?
    • How is cholera diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cholera?
    • What is the prognosis of cholera?
    • Can cholera be prevented? Are cholera vaccines available?
    • Where can people find more information about cholera?
  • Flu (Influenza) Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flu (Influenza) Article
    • Flu (influenza, conventional, and H1N1) facts
    • What is influenza?
    • What are the causes of the flu?
    • What are flu symptoms in adults and in children?
    • How is the flu diagnosed?
    • What is the key to flu prevention?
    • Are there any flu shot or nasal spray vaccine side effects in adults or in children?
    • Why should the influenza vaccine be taken every year?
    • What are some treatments an individual can do at home for the flu?
    • When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?
    • Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get the flu?
    • What is the bird (avian) flu?
    • Do antiviral agents protect people from the flu?
    • Is it safe to get a flu shot that contains thimerosal?
    • Where can I find additional information about the flu?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding It's important to know whether you will breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby prior to delivery, as the breasts' ability to produce...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding Article
    • Breastfeeding facts
    • When should we decide about breastfeeding?
    • Why is the choice so important?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of formula feeding?
    • Can we use both forms of feedings for our baby?
    • Is there any special preparation required for breastfeeding?
    • When can breastfeeding begin?
    • What is the proper technique for breastfeeding?
    • When should breast pumps be used?
    • Should certain foods be avoided while breastfeeding?
    • How can one manage minor discomforts related to breastfeeding?
    • Clogged milk ducts
    • Sore nipples
    • When should one seek medical care for problems with breastfeeding?
    • Can supplements or medications increase a low milk supply?
    • Is it possible to breastfeed while pregnant?
    • Is smoking harmful when breastfeeding?
    • Do breast implants, surgeries, or reductions affect breastfeeding?
    • How should one wean a baby from breastfeeding?
  • Smallpox Smallpox is a disease caused by the variola virus. Symptoms and signs include a characteristic rash and high fever. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smallpox Article
    • Smallpox facts
    • What is smallpox?
    • What is the history of smallpox?
    • What causes smallpox?
    • How is smallpox transmitted?
    • What are smallpox symptoms and signs?
    • How is smallpox diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for smallpox?
    • Can smallpox be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for smallpox, and what are complications of smallpox?
    • Where can people find more information on smallpox?
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
    In This Article
    Yellow Fever Article
    • Yellow fever facts
    • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
    • What causes yellow fever?
    • How is yellow fever transmitted?
    • What areas are high-risk for contracting yellow fever?
    • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
    • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is yellow fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
    • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
    • Can yellow fever be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
  • German Measles (Rubella) German measles is a disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. The MMR (measles,...learn more »
    In This Article
    German Measles (Rubella) Article
    • What is rubella (German measles)?
    • What are rubella symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications of rubella?
    • How is rubella spread from person to person?
    • Can rubella be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Does my child need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
    • As an adult, do I need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
  • Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are the two most commnon viruses that infect the liver. Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B can be prevented...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A and B Vaccinations Article
    • What is hepatitis?
    • Hepatitis A vaccine
    • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Meningococcemia Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by Neisseria meningitides. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningococcemia Article
    • Meningococcemia facts
    • What is meningococcemia?
    • What causes meningococcemia?
    • What are risk factors for meningococcemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of meningococcemia?
    • How is meningococcemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for meningococcemia?
    • What is the prognosis of meningococcemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningococcemia?
    • Where can people find more information on meningococcemia?
    • What research is being done on meningococcemia?
  • Monkeypox Monkeypox is a viral disease that causes symptoms such as fever, sweating, and a rash with papules and pustules on the face and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Monkeypox Article
    • Monkeypox facts
    • What is monkeypox?
    • What is the history of monkeypox?
    • What causes monkeypox? How is monkeypox transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for monkeypox?
    • What are monkeypox symptoms and signs?
    • How is monkeypox diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for monkeypox?
    • What is the prognosis of monkeypox?
    • Can monkeypox be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about monkeypox?
    • What research is being done on monkeypox?
  • Polio A polio infection causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis, limb deformities, and even death. There is no curative treatment...learn more »
  • Salmonella Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Salmonella Article
    • Salmonella food poisoning facts
    • What is Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What causes Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are risk factors for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Salmonella poisoning?
    • How do physicians diagnose Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • Is it possible to prevent Salmonella food poisoning?
  • Travel Medicine Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travel Medicine Article
    • Why should travelers see a physician before they leave on a trip?
    • What diseases occur in travelers, and how can disease be prevented?
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Malaria
    • Meningococcal meningitis
    • Yellow fever
    • Hepatitis A
    • Typhoid fever
    • Polio
    • Cholera
    • What about diseases for which there is no vaccine or preventive medication?
    • What is safe to eat and drink while traveling?
    • What can I do to avoid insect bites?
    • What should be in my travel first aid kit?
    • What are the medical concerns with jet lag?
    • What if I have a medical condition or chronic disease?
    • What if I'm pregnant?
    • What about traveling with children?
    • Where can I find additional information?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are developmental disorders that do not appear to be linked to vaccines. More people than ever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs Article
    • Do vaccines cause autism spectrum disorders (ASDs)?
    • Is there an ASD epidemic?
    • Can adults be diagnosed with an ASD?
    • How many children with ASDs are being served through public special education programs?
    • Has the number of children being served under an ASD classification in public special education programs changed?
    • How do the rates of ASDs in special education compare with those of other special education categories?
    • What are mitochondrial diseases?
    • Is there a link between mitochondrial diseases and ASDs?

STAY INFORMED

Get the Latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!