Uterine Fibroids Trreatment
Why is a hysterectomy performed?
The most common reason hysterectomy is performed is for uterine fibroids. Other common reasons are:
- abnormal uterine bleeding (vaginal bleeding),
- cervical dysplasia (pre-cancerous conditions of the cervix),
- endometriosis, and uterine prolapse (including pelvic relaxation).
Quick GuideWomen's Health: A Visual Guide to Uterine Fibroids
Uterine fibroids facts
- Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus (womb).
- It is not known exactly why women develop uterine fibroids.
- Most women with uterine fibroids have no symptoms. However, fibroids can cause a number of symptoms depending on their size, location within the uterus, and how close they are to adjacent pelvic organs. These are most commonly abnormal bleeding, pain and pressure.
- Uterine fibroids are diagnosed by pelvic exam and by ultrasound.
- If treatment for uterine fibroids is required, both surgical and medical treatment options are available.
What are uterine fibroids?
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus (womb). Although they are composed of the same smooth muscle fibers as the uterine wall (myometrium), they are much denser than normal myometrium. Uterine fibroids are usually round.
Uterine fibroids are often described based upon their location within the uterus. Subserosal fibroids are located beneath the serosa (the lining membrane on the outside of the uterus). These often appear localized on the outside surface of the uterus or may be attached to the outside surface by a pedicle. Submucosal (submucous) fibroids are located inside the uterine cavity beneath the inner lining of the uterus. Intramural fibroids are located within the muscular wall of the uterus.
Picture of uterine fibroids
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/5/2015