Urine Tests for Diabetes (cont.)
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Urine Testing For Severe Hyperglycemia
Sometimes, your health care provider may perform a urine test to determine if your blood sugar is dangerously high and if you are producing substances called ketones. Ketones are the by-product of the fat burning process that occurs in the absence of insulin. When a person with diabetes develops hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, if there is not enough insulin around (type 1 diabetes) or if their body is unable to utilize the insulin properly (type 2 diabetes) and break down sugar, the body turns to fat stores to create energy for the cells. While ketones can be a source of energy for many cells, they can be toxic in large amounts and cause a life-threatening emergency condition called ketoacidosis.
Ketone levels can be measured in the urine by your doctor or by using an over-the-counter kit at home.
How Do I Test for Ketones?
Testing for ketones involves dipping a test strip into your urine. The test strip changes color and is then compared to a color chart.
When Should I Test for Ketones?
If you have type 1 diabetes, test your urine for ketones when:
If you have type 2 diabetes, you have a very low chance of developing ketoacidosis, even if you are on insulin therapy. However, during severe illnesses, it is possible that ketoacidosis may develop.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you should test your urine for ketones when:
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