Urinary Tract Infection Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Urinary Tract Infection. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Urinary Tract Infection or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Kidney Pain Kidney pain has a variety of causes and symptoms. Infection, injury, trauma, bleeding disorders, and less common conditions may...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Pain Article
    • What are the kidneys?
    • Where are the kidneys located?
    • What is the function of the kidneys?
    • What are the symptoms of kidney pain?
    • What are some of the kidney conditions and diseases that cause kidney pain?
    • When should I see my doctor about kidney pain?
    • What are common tests are available to diagnose kidney diseases?
    • How is kidney pain treated?
  • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Stones Article
    • Kidney stone facts
    • What is a kidney stone?
    • Who is at risk for kidney stones?
    • What causes kidney stones?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones?
    • How are kidney stones diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for kidney stones? How long does it take to pass a kidney stone?
    • Can kidney stones be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for kidney stones?
  • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Diverticulitis is a condition in which diverticuli in the colon rupture. The rupture results in infection in the tissues that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Article
    • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis facts
    • What is diverticulosis?
    • What is diverticulitis?
    • What are diverticulitis symptoms?
    • What causes diverticula and how do diverticula form?
    • What are the more serious complications of diverticulitis?
    • How are the diagnosis of diverticulitis and diverticulosis made?
    • What is the treatment for diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
    • Medical treatment of diverticulitis and diverticulosis
    • Surgical treatment for diverticulitis
    • What can be done to prevent diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
  • Blood Clots Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins,...learn more »
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs) Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • Gonorrhea
    • Chlamydia
    • Syphilis
    • Genital Herpes
    • Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) and Genital Warts
    • Chancroid
    • Ectoparasitic Infections
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Conclusions
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Abdominal pain can have many causes. Some of the less serious causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Article
    • Abdominal pain facts
    • What is abdominal pain?
    • What causes abdominal pain?
    • When should I call my doctor about abdominal pain?
    • How is the cause of abdominal pain diagnosed?
    • Signs and symptoms associated with abdominal pain
    • Physical examination to diagnose abdominal pain
    • Exams and tests to diagnose abdominal pain
    • IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and diagnosing abdominal pain
    • Why can diagnosis of the cause of abdominal pain be difficult?
    • What are home remedies for certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What medications can be used to treat certain causes of abdominal pain?
    • What lifestyle choices can I make to prevent abdominal pain?
  • Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Article
    • What is a bladder infection?
    • What causes bladder infections?
    • What are some risk factors for bladder infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in children?
    • How is a bladder infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a bladder infection?
    • Are home remedies effective for a bladder infection?
    • How is a bladder infection during pregnancy treated?
    • What are potential complications of a bladder infection?
    • Can bladder infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a bladder infection?
  • Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) usually is caused from bacteria that have spread from the bladder from a UTI (urinary tract...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Article
    • Kidney infection facts
    • What is the function of the kidneys?
    • Where are the kidneys located?
    • What is a kidney infection?
    • What are the causes of kidney infection?
    • What are risk factors for kidney and urinary tract infection?
    • Is screening recommended for UTI or kidney infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney infection?
    • How is kidney infection diagnosed?
    • What are different types of kidney infection?
    • What are the common bacteria that cause kidney infections?
    • What is the treatment for kidney infection?
    • Are there foods I should avoid if I have a kidney infection?
    • Can kidney infection be prevented?
  • Testicular Pain (Pain in the Testicles) Testicular pain, or pain in the testicle or testicles are caused by a variety of diseases or conditions such as testicular...learn more »
    In This Article
    Testicular Pain (Pain in the Testicles) Article
    • Testicular pain facts
    • What is testicular pain (pain in the testicles)?
    • What function do the testicles have?
    • What causes testicular pain?
    • Testicular torsion causes
    • Epididymitis causes
    • Torsion of a testicular appendage causes
    • Trauma causes
    • Inguinal hernia causes
    • Orchitis causes
    • Kidney stone causes
    • Testicular tumor causes
    • What are the signs and symptoms of conditions causing testicular pain?
    • How are the causes of testicular pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for testicular pain?
    • What are the complications of the conditions causing testicular pain?
    • How can testicular pain be prevented?
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are the signs or symptoms of sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • How is sepsis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • How can sepsis (blood poisoning) be prevented?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis (blood poisoning)?
  • Group B Strep Group B strep are bacteria called Streptococcus agalactiae that may sometimes cause infections both in a pregnant woman and her...learn more »
    In This Article
    Group B Strep Article
    • Group B strep facts
    • What is group B strep?
    • What causes group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep transmitted?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for group B strep?
    • What are the complications of group B strep infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent group B strep infection?
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Aches, pain, fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should I take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should I seek medical care for a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • Can fevers be prevented?
  • Blood in Urine Blood in the urine is termed hematuria. Hematuria, whether it be gross or microscopic, is abnormal and should be further...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in Urine Article
    • Blood in urine facts
    • What is blood in urine (hematuria)?
    • What are the causes of blood in urine?
    • How is blood in urine diagnosed?
    • How is blood in urine treated?
  • Osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Potential causes include injections around the bone, fractures that puncture the skin,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteomyelitis Article
    • Osteomyelitis facts
    • What is osteomyelitis?
    • What causes osteomyelitis?
    • What are osteomyelitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is osteomyelitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for osteomyelitis?
    • What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?
  • Urinary Retention Urinary retention (inability to urinate) may be caused by nerve disease, spinal cord injury, prostate enlargement, infection,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Retention Article
    • Urinary retention facts*
    • What is the urinary tract?
    • What causes urinary retention?
    • What are the symptoms of urinary retention?
    • How is urinary retention diagnosed?
    • How is urinary retention treated?
    • What are the complications of urinary retention?
    • What are the complications of treatments for urinary retention?
    • Hope through research
    • Where can people find more information about urinary retention?
  • Interstitial Cystitis Interstitial cystitis (IC) is an inflammatory disease of the bladder that can cause ulceration and bleeding of the bladder's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Interstitial Cystitis Article
    • Interstitial cystitis facts
    • Overview of urinary function
    • What is interstitial cystitis (IC)?
    • What is the cause of interstitial cystitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis?
    • How is interstitial cystitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of interstitial cystitis?
    • Are lifestyle modifications of value in the management of interstitial cystitis?
    • Are there any special concerns about interstitial cystitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of interstitial cystitis?
  • Urinary Tract Infections in Children Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common in children. Symptoms and signs include fever and abdominal pain. Associated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections in Children Article
    • Urinary tract infection (UTI) facts
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What causes urinary tract infections in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
    • How are UTIs in children diagnosed?
    • How long do UTIs in children last?
    • Are UTIs in children contagious?
    • Are there any home remedies for UTIs in children?
    • What is the treatment for UTIs in children?
    • Can UTIs in children be prevented?
  • Prostatitis (Inflammation of the Prostate Gland) Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. Causes of prostatitis include STDs, bacteria from urinary tract infections...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prostatitis (Inflammation of the Prostate Gland) Article
    • Prostatitis facts
    • Prostatitis definition
    • What causes prostatitis?
    • What are the risk factors for prostatitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of prostatitis?
    • When should I see my doctor for prostatitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of prostatitis made?
    • What is the treatment for prostatitis?
    • What are the complications of prostatitis?
    • What is the prognosis for prostatitis?
    • Prostatitis conclusion
  • Women's Health Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Women's Health Article
    • Introduction to women's health
    • Women's general health and wellness
    • Female anatomy
    • The female reproductive System
    • Female hormones
    • Diseases more common in women
    • Cancer in women
    • Women's cosmetic concerns
    • Menstruation
    • Sexuality
    • Fertility, birth control, and infertility
    • Pregnancy
    • Motherhood
    • Menopause
    • The mature woman - post menopause
  • Urethral Stricture A urethral stricture, or narrowing of the urethra, may cause decreased urine output. Symptoms include painful urination, urinary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urethral Stricture Article
    • Urethral stricture facts
    • What is the urethra?
    • What is urethral stricture?
    • What are the causes of urethral stricture?
    • What are the symptoms of urethral stricture?
    • What type of doctor treats urethral obstruction?
    • How is urethral stricture diagnosed?
    • Are there any special tests for diagnosing urethral stricture?
    • What is the treatment for urethral stricture?
    • What surgical options are available for urethral stricture?
    • Can urethral stricture be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for urethral stricture?
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate) is very common in men over 50 years of age. This noncancerous enlargement...learn more »
    In This Article
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Article
    • Benign prostatic hyperplasia facts
    • What is the prostate gland?
    • How does the doctor detect prostate enlargement?
    • What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
    • When does benign prostatic hyperplasia start?
    • What happens in BPH? What are symptoms of BPH?
    • How common is BPH? Are there any risk factors?
    • Is BPH a type of cancer?
    • Is BPH always treated?
    • How is BPH treated?
    • Are there other noncancerous prostate problems?
    • Can prostate problems be prevented?
  • Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized....learn more »
    In This Article
    Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Article
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) facts
    • What are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • What causes a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are risk factors for vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • How are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • How do physicians diagnose vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infections?
    • What is the treatment for a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are the complications of VRE infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • What precautions should people take when tending to someone with a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What research is being done on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • Where can people find more information on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
  • Hydronephrosis Distention of the kidney with urine. Hydronephrosis is caused by obstruction of urine outflow (for example, by a stone blocking...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydronephrosis Article
    • Hydronephrosis facts
    • What is hydronephrosis?
    • What causes hydronephrosis?
    • What are the symptoms of hydronephrosis?
    • When should I seek medical care for hydronephrosis?
    • How is hydronephrosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hydronephrosis?
    • What are the complications of hydronephrosis?
    • Can hydronephrosis be prevented?
  • Bladder Spasms People who have bladder spasms, the sensation occurs suddenly and often severely. A spasm itself is the sudden, involuntary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Spasms Article
    • What do bladder spasms feel like?
    • Who is most likely to develop bladder spasms?
    • What causes bladder spasms?
    • What are nervous system disorders that lead to bladder spasms?
    • Which types of surgery may lead to bladder spasms?
    • What are other causes of bladder spasms?
    • What is the treatment for bladder spasms?
    • What are complementary and alternative therapies for bladder spasms?
    • When should someone see a doctor for bladder spasms?
  • Overactive Bladder Overactive bladder is a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscle wall of the bladder causing urinary urgency (an immediate...learn more »
    In This Article
    Overactive Bladder Article
    • Overactive bladder facts
    • What is an overactive bladder?
    • What are the causes of overactive bladder?
    • Are there any risk factors for overactive bladder?
    • What are symptoms of an overactive bladder?
    • How is overactive bladder diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for an overactive bladder?
    • What is the role of medications in treating overactive bladder?
    • What are treatments for the chronically incontinent?
    • What measures can be taken at home to prevent overactive bladder symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of overactive bladder?
    • What is the prognosis for overactive bladder?
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is characterized by numerous cysts in the kidneys. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Article
    • Polycystic kidney disease facts*
    • What is polycystic kidney disease?
    • What is autosomal dominant PKD?
    • What are the symptoms of autosomal dominant PKD?
    • How is autosomal dominant PKD diagnosed?
    • How is autosomal dominant PKD treated?
    • What is autosomal recessive PKD?
    • What are the symptoms of autosomal recessive PKD?
    • How is autosomal recessive PKD diagnosed?
    • How is autosomal recessive PKD treated?
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • Hope through research
  • Adenovirus 14 Adenovirus infection, particularly Ad14, or the "killer cold virus" has been on the increase in the past two years. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adenovirus 14 Article
    • Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) facts
    • What is the killer cold virus?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • What causes an infection with Adenovirus 14 (Ad14)?
    • How is an Adenovirus 14 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
    • What are complications of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • What is the prognosis for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
    • Can an Adenovirus 14 infection be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about the killer cold virus (Adenovirus 14)?
  • Urethral Cancer Urethral cancer is a rare form of cancer that primarily affects white females, people over 60 years of age, and those who have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urethral Cancer Article
    • Urethral cancer facts*
    • What is urethral cancer?
    • What are risk factors for urethral cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of urethral cancer?
    • How is urethral cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for urethral cancer?
    • How is staging of urethral cancer determined?
    • What are the treatment options for urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for anterior urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for posterior urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for recurrent urethral cancer?
    • Where can people find more information about urethral cancer?
  • Urinary Tract Infection in Adults Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding It's important to know whether you will breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby prior to delivery, as the breasts' ability to produce...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding Article
    • Breastfeeding facts
    • When should we decide about breastfeeding?
    • Why is the choice so important?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of formula feeding?
    • Can we use both forms of feedings for our baby?
    • Is there any special preparation required for breastfeeding?
    • When can breastfeeding begin?
    • What is the proper technique for breastfeeding?
    • When should breast pumps be used?
    • Should certain foods be avoided while breastfeeding?
    • How can one manage minor discomforts related to breastfeeding?
    • Clogged milk ducts
    • Sore nipples
    • When should one seek medical care for problems with breastfeeding?
    • Can supplements or medications increase a low milk supply?
    • Is it possible to breastfeed while pregnant?
    • Is smoking harmful when breastfeeding?
    • Do breast implants, surgeries, or reductions affect breastfeeding?
    • How should one wean a baby from breastfeeding?
  • Urinary Incontinence in Women Millions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Women Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in women facts*
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • What are the types of urinary incontinence?
    • How is incontinence evaluated?
    • How is incontinence treated?
    • Points to remember
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • Urinary Incontinence in Children Urinary incontinence in children (enuresis) is twice as common in boys as in girls and may occur during the daytime or nighttime....learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Children Article
    • Urinary incontinence in children facts
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • How does the urinary system work?
    • What are the different types of urinary incontinence in children?
    • How common is urinary incontinence in children?
    • What causes nighttime incontinence in children?
    • What causes daytime incontinence in children?
    • How do you differentiate between organic and nonorganic causes of urinary incontinence?
    • What is the treatment for urinary incontinence in children?
    • What is the prognosis of urinary incontinence in children?
    • Where can people get more information on urinary incontinence in children?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Men's Health Men's health is an important component to a happy lifestyle and healthy relationships. Eating healthy, exercise, managing stress,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Men's Health Article
    • Introduction to men's health
    • Prostate problems
    • Testosterone
    • Top 10 diseases that kill men
    • 1. Heart disease
    • 2. Cancers
    • 3. Injuries
    • 4. Stroke (cerebrovascular accident, CVA)
    • 5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    • 6. Diabetes
    • 7. Influenza and pneumonia
    • 8. Suicide
    • 9. Kidney disease
    • 10. Alzheimer's disease
    • The checklist: How to stay healthy
  • Sex, Urinary, and Bladder Problems of Diabetes Having diabetes can mean early onset and increased severity of bladder symptoms (urinary incontinence and urinary tract...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sex, Urinary, and Bladder Problems of Diabetes Article
    • Sexual and urological problems of diabetes facts*
    • Introduction to sexual and urological problems of diabetes
    • Diabetes and sexual problems
    • What sexual problems can occur in men with diabetes?
    • What sexual problems can occur in women with diabetes?
    • Diabetes and urologic problems
    • Who is at risk for developing sexual and urologic problems of diabetes?
    • Can diabetes-related sexual and urologic problems be prevented?
    • Sexual and Urologic Problems of Diabetes At A Glance
    • Hope through research
  • Bedwetting Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, is the accidental passage of urine while asleep. There are two types of bedwetting: primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bedwetting Article
    • Bedwetting facts
    • What is bedwetting?
    • What are the types of bedwetting?
    • What is primary bedwetting?
    • What is the basic problem in primary bedwetting?
    • Is primary bedwetting due to emotional problems?
    • How is primary bedwetting treated?
    • How common is secondary bedwetting?
    • What causes secondary bedwetting?
    • How is the cause of secondary bedwetting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for secondary bedwetting?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for children with bedwetting?
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Article
    • Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs
    • STDs include
    • What are the symptoms of STDs?
    • How can STDs affect my pregnancy?
    • How can I find out if I have an STD?
    • How are STDs treated in pregnancy?
    • How can I protect myself from STDs?
    • How can I prevent spreading a STD?
  • Kidney Dysplasia Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which one or both of a baby's kidneys do not develop normally. In kidney dysplasia, cysts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Dysplasia Article
    • What is kidney dysplasia?
    • How does kidney dysplasia happen?
    • What causes kidney dysplasia?
    • What are the signs or complications of kidney dysplasia?
    • How is kidney dysplasia diagnosed?
    • How is kidney dysplasia treated?
    • What is the long-term outlook for a child with kidney dysplasia?
    • Questions to ask the doctor
    • Points to remember
  • NDM-1 NDM-1 (New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase) is an enzyme produced by certain strains of bacteria that have recently acquired the...learn more »
    In This Article
    NDM-1 Article
    • NDM-1 facts
    • What is NDM-1?
    • What causes NDM-1 to be produced in bacteria?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a person infected with bacteria carrying NDM-1?
    • How are bacteria that produce NDM-1 identified?
    • What is the treatment for an infection caused by bacteria that make NDM-1?
    • What is the prognosis for a person infected with NDM-1 producing bacteria?
    • Can infections with bacteria containing NDM-1 be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about NDM-1 producing bacteria?
  • Microsporidiosis Microsporidiosis is an infection caused by the microsporidia parasite. The disease is uncommon in people with normal immune...learn more »
    In This Article
    Microsporidiosis Article
    • Microsporidiosis facts
    • What is microsporidiosis? What causes the disease?
    • How are microsporidia transmitted?
    • What symptoms does microsporidiosis cause?
    • How is microsporidiosis diagnosed?
    • How is microsporidiosis treated?
    • How is microsporidiosis prevented?
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulent E. coli infections?