Dr. Nabili received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), majoring in chemistry and biochemistry. He then completed his graduate degree at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). His graduate training included a specialized fellowship in public health where his research focused on environmental health and health-care delivery and management.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Infections of the urethra (sexually transmitted diseases or
STDs, urethritis, gonorrhea, chlamydia)
Prostate infection or inflammation
Previous hypospadias surgery (a congenital birth defect in which
the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis instead of the tip)
Congenital malformations of the urethra, which rarely can cause urethral
stricture in children
According one study, about one-half of causes of urethral stricture are from
medical procedures and manipulation of the urethra or nearby structures
(surgeries, catheter insertion, etc.). In about one-third of cases, no
identifiable cause was found.