- Treacher Collins syndrome facts*
- What is Treacher Collins syndrome?
- What are the signs and symptoms of Treacher Collins syndrome?
- What are the characteristics of Treacher Collins syndrome?
- How common is this syndrome?
- How do people inherit Treacher Collins?
- What genes are related to this syndrome?
- What are the treatment and management guidelines for this syndrome?
- What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with Treacher Collins syndrome?
- Where can I find information about diagnosis or management of Treacher Collins syndrome?
- What other names do people use for Treacher Collins syndrome?
What are the treatment and management guidelines for this syndrome?
There is currently no cure for TCS. Treatment is tailored to the specific needs of each child or adult. Ideally, treatment is managed by a multidisciplinary team of craniofacial specialists.
Newborns may need special positioning or tracheostomy to manage the airway. Hearing loss may be treated with bone conduction amplification, speech therapy, and/or educational intervention.In many cases, craniofacial reconstruction is needed. Surgery may be performed to repair cleft palate, to reconstruct the jaw, or to repair other bones in the skull. The specific surgical procedures used and the age when surgery is performed depends on the severity of the abnormalities, overall health and personal preference.
There are some possible treatments that are being investigated. Researchers are looking for ways to inhibit a protein called p53, which helps the body to kill off unwanted cells. In people with TCS, p53 is abnormally activated, leading to the loss of specific cells and ultimately causing features of TCS. It has been proposed that inhibiting the production of p53 (or blocking its activation) may help to treat affected people. However, more research is needed to determine if this type of treatment is effective and safe.
Researchers are also studying the use of stems cells found in fat tissue to be used alongside surgery in people with TCS and other craniofacial disorders. Early studies have shown that surgical outcomes may be improved using these stem cells to help stimulate the regrowth of affected areas. However, this therapy is still experimental and controversial.
What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with Treacher Collins syndrome?
Usually, people with TCS grow to become functioning adults with normal intelligence. With proper management, life expectancy is approximatelythe same as in the general population. In some cases, the prognosis depends on the specific symptoms and severity in the affected person. For example, very severe cases of TCS can cause perinatal death because of a compromised airway.
What resources are available for people Treacher Collins syndrome?
These resources address the diagnosis or management of TCS and may include treatment providers.
- Gene Review: Treacher Collins Syndrome
- Gene Tests: POLR1C-Related Treacher Collins Syndrome
- Gene Tests: POLR1D-Related Treacher Collins Syndrome
- Gene Tests: TCOF1-Related Treacher Collins Syndrome
What other names do people use for Treacher Collins syndrome?
Other names for TCS include:
- Franceschetti-Zwahlen-Klein syndrome
- Mandibulofacial dysostosis (MFD1)
- Treacher Collins-Franceschetti syndrome
- zygoauromandibular dysplasia
Genetics Home Reference. "Treacher Collins Syndrome." U.S. National Library of Medicine. Jan 31, 2017. <http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/treacher-collins-syndrome>.
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences. "Treacher Collins syndrome." Updated: Nov 11, 2015.
Tolarova, MM., MD. "Mandibulofacial Dysostosis (Treacher Collins Syndrome)." Medscape. Updated: Feb 09, 2016.