Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Blood Clots Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins,...learn more »
  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the impact of diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Other types of diabetes
    • What are diabetes symptoms?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
  • Dizziness Dizziness is a symptom that is often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dizziness Article
    • Dizziness facts
    • Introduction to dizziness (feeling dizzy)
    • What are some common causes of dizziness?
    • Low blood pressure
    • Postural or orthostatic hypotension
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Endocrine diseases
    • Hyperventilation
    • Heart conditions
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Dizziness and vertigo
    • What are the symptoms experienced when a person feels dizzy?
    • When should I call the doctor for dizziness?
    • How is dizziness diagnosed?
    • How is vertigo diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness treated?
  • Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Article
    • Congestive heart failure facts
    • What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
    • What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
    • What lifestyle changes can help treat congestive heart failure?
    • Exercise
    • Diet
    • Fluid regulation
    • Maintaining weight
    • What is the long term prognosis for patients with congestive heart failure?
    • Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
  • High Blood Pressure High blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Article
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • What causes high blood pressure?
    • How is blood pressure measured?
    • What do blood pressure readings mean?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of untreated high blood pressure?
    • What dietary strategies can help lower high blood pressure?
    • How does exercise help lower high blood pressure?
    • Is complementary and alternative medicine effective for treating high blood pressure?
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Vascular Disease Article
    • Peripheral vascular disease facts
    • What is peripheral vascular disease?
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • How does atherosclerosis cause disease?
    • What are potential complications of peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the other causes of peripheral vascular diseases?
    • Who is at risk for peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of peripheral artery disease?
    • How is peripheral artery disease diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for peripheral artery disease?
    • Lifestyle changes
    • Supervised exercise
    • Medications
    • Angioplasty
    • Surgery
  • Hematoma A hematoma is a collection of blood that is outside a blood vessel. There are different areas where hematomas occur including the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hematoma Article
    • Hematoma facts
    • What is a hematoma?
    • What causes a hematoma?
    • What are the types of hematomas?
    • What are the symptoms of a hematoma?
    • When should I call the doctor about a hematoma?
    • How is a hematoma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a hematoma?
    • What are the complications of a hematoma?
    • Can hematomas be prevented?
  • Dementia Dementia is a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dementia Article
    • Dementia facts*
    • Introduction to dementia
    • What is dementia?
    • What are the different kinds of dementia?
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Vascular dementia
    • Lewy body dementia
    • Frontotemporal dementia
    • HIV-associated dementia
    • Huntington's disease
    • Dementia pugilistica
    • Corticobasal degeneration
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Other rare hereditary dementias
    • Secondary dementias
    • Dementias in children
    • What other conditions can cause dementia?
    • What conditions are not dementia?
    • What causes dementia?
    • What are the risk factors for dementia?
    • How is dementia diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for dementia?
    • Can dementia be prevented?
    • What kind of care does a person with dementia need?
    • What research is being done?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Aneurysm (Brain) Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aneurysm (Brain) Article
    • Brain aneurysm facts
    • What is a brain aneurysm and what causes a brain aneurysm?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of brain aneurysm?
    • How is brain aneurysm diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for brain aneurysm?
    • What is the outcome of brain aneurysm?
    • What are future directions for the treatment of brain aneurysm?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What causes a stroke?
    • What are the risk factors for stroke?
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain) Brain lesions (lesions on the brain) are caused by trauma, inflammation, autoimmune diseases, cancers, other diseases, stroke,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain) Article
    • Brain lesions facts
    • Brain anatomy
    • What are brain lesions?
    • What causes brain lesions?
    • What are the types of brain lesions?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of brain lesions?
    • How are brain lesions diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for brain lesions?
    • Can brain lesions be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for brain lesions?
  • Atrial Fibrillation Atrial fibrillation is an abnormality in the heart rhythm which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atrial Fibrillation Article
    • Atrial fibrillation facts
    • What is atrial fibrillation?
    • What causes atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the complications of atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation?
    • How is atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for atrial fibrillation?
    • Reversing the risk factors that cause atrial fibrillation
    • Slowing the heart rate with medications
    • Anticoagulation to prevent blood clots and strokes
    • Converting atrial fibrillation to a normal rhythm
    • Procedures for treating and preventing atrial fibrillation
    • What is new in atrial fibrillation?
  • Heart Failure Heart failure is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Failure Article
    • What is Heart Failure?
    • What Causes Heart Failure?
    • What are the Symptoms of Heart Failure?
    • What are the Types of Heart Failure?
    • How is Heart Failure Diagnosed?
    • How is Heart Failure Treated?
    • Stages of Heart Failure
    • How Can I Prevent Heart Failure From Worsening?
    • How Can I Prevent Further Heart Damage?
    • What Medications Should I Avoid?
    • How Can I Improve My Quality of Life?
    • What Surgical Procedures are Used to Treat Heart Failure?
    • Treatment is a Team Effort
    • What is the Outlook for People with Heart Failure?
  • Cholesterol High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholesterol Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are the different types of cholesterol?
    • Why is high cholesterol dangerous?
    • Where does cholesterol come from?
    • What are normal cholesterol levels?
    • Which foods can help lower cholesterol?
    • What other lifestyle interventions help lower cholesterol?
    • What medications are available to treat high cholesterol?
  • Aphasia Aphasia is a condition that is the result of damage to portions of the brain. It can be caused by stroke, head injury, brain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aphasia Article
    • Aphasia facts*
    • What is aphasia?
    • Who has aphasia?
    • What are the types of aphasia?
    • What is the treatment for aphasia?
    • What is the prognosis for aphasia?
    • What research is being done for aphasia?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies) Lewy body dementia (LBD or dementia with Lewy bodies) is one the most common causes of dementia. There are two types of LBD: 1)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies) Article
    • Lewy body dementia facts*
    • Lewy body dementia (LBD) introduction
    • What are Lewy bodies?
    • What is Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the types of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Who is affected by Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • What are the common symptoms of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Cognitive symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Behavoiral and mood symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Sleep disorders associated with Lewy body dementia
    • Movement symptoms of Lewy body dementia
    • Other Lewy body dementia symptoms
    • How is Lewy body dementia (LBD) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment and management of Lewy body dementia (LBD)?
    • Medications for Lewy body dementia
    • Medications for cognitive symptoms
    • Medications for movement symptoms
    • Medications for sleep disorders
    • Medications for behavioral and mood problems
    • Other treatment considerations
  • Heart Attacks in Women Heart disease, particularly coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Women are more likely to die from a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attacks in Women Article
    • One woman's heart attack story
    • What is heart disease?
    • Do women need to worry about heart disease?
    • Do women of color need to worry about heart disease?
    • What can I do to prevent heart disease?
    • What does high blood pressure have to do with heart disease?
    • How can I lower my blood pressure?
    • What does high cholesterol have to do with heart disease?
    • What do my cholesterol and triglyceride numbers mean?
    • How can I lower my cholesterol?
    • How do I know if I have heart disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?
    • One of my family members had a heart attack. Does that mean I'll have one too?
    • Sometimes my heart beats really fast and other times it feels like my heart skips a beat. Am I having a heart attack?
    • Should I take a daily aspirin to prevent heart attack?
    • Does taking birth control pills increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does using the birth control patch increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does menopausal hormone therapy (HT, HRT, ET) increase a woman's risk for heart disease?
    • For more information on heart disease in women
  • High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Cholesterol occurs naturally in the body. High blood cholesterol levels increase a person's risk of developing heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • Why should I be concerned about cholesterol?
    • What's the difference between "good" and "bad" cholesterol?
    • How much cholesterol is too much?
    • Can I lower my risk for heart disease if I lower my cholesterol?
    • What makes my cholesterol levels go up?
    • What can I do to lower my cholesterol?
    • What medications are used to treat high cholesterol?
    • If a product's package reads "low cholesterol" does that mean that the product is low in fat and safe to eat?
    • At what age should people begin having their cholesterol checked?
  • Stroke Prevention Stroke is the third leading killer in the United States. Some of the warning signs of stroke include sudden confusion, trouble...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Prevention Article
    • Introduction
    • What is a Stroke?
    • What are Warning Signs of a Stroke?
    • What are Risk Factors for a Stroke?
    • What Are the Treatable Risk Factors?
    • Do You Know Your Stroke Risk?
  • Carotid Artery Disease The term carotid artery disease refers to the narrowing of the carotid arteries and can also be called carotid stenosis. Fatty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Carotid Artery Disease Article
    • What is carotid artery disease?
    • What are the causes of carotid artery disease?
    • What are the risk factors for carotid artery disease?
    • What are the symptoms of carotid artery disease?
    • How is carotid artery disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for carotid artery disease?
    • Surgery for carotid artery disease
    • What are the complications of carotid artery disease?
    • Can carotid artery disease be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for carotid artery disease?
  • Lower Cholesterol Levels with Diet and Medication Cholesterol is naturally produced by the body, and is a building block for cell membranes and hormones. Low-density lipoprotein...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lower Cholesterol Levels with Diet and Medication Article
    • Cholesterol levels facts
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are LDL and HDL cholesterol?
    • What determines the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood?
    • Does lowering LDL cholesterol prevent heart attacks and strokes?
    • How can LDL cholesterol levels be lowered?
    • What are "normal" cholesterol blood levels?
    • What are the 2013 ACC/AHA Guidelines?
    • Why is HDL the good cholesterol?
    • What are LDL/HDL and total/HDL ratios?
    • How can levels of HDL cholesterol be increased?
    • What are triglycerides and VLDL?
    • Do high triglyceride levels cause atherosclerosis?
    • What causes elevated triglyceride levels?
    • How can elevated blood triglyceride levels be treated?
    • What are cholesterol-lowering foods?
    • What medications are available to lower cholesterol, lipids, and triglycerides?
    • Is lowering LDL cholesterol enough?
  • Coma Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coma Article
    • What is a coma?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • What are the causes of a coma?
    • Trauma
    • Bleeding (hemorrhage)
    • Epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid hemorrhages
    • Tumors
    • Swelling
    • Infection
    • Lack of Oxygen
    • Hypoglycemic coma
    • Poisons
    • How is coma diagnosed?
    • What tests help diagnose coma?
    • What is the prognosis for coma?
  • Heart Attack Prevention Overview Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack is also a significant cause of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Overview Article
    • Introduction
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • What are coronary heart diseases (CHD)?
    • What is angina pectoris?
    • What is a heart attack?
    • Ventricular fibrillation
    • Heart failure
    • What is cerebral vascular disease?
    • Ischemic stroke
    • Hemorrhagic stroke
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • When does the coronary atherosclerosis process begin?
    • Have most people done enough to prevent atherosclerosis and heart attacks?
    • What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease?
    • How can coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks be prevented?