Total Knee Replacement

  • Medical Author:
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

  • Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Surgical Treatment of Knee Pain

Partial knee replacement: The surgeon replaces the damaged portions of the knee with plastic and metal parts.

Total knee replacement: In this procedure, the knee is replaced with an artificial joint. It requires a major surgery and hospitalization.

Quick GuideOsteoarthritis Pictures Slideshow: Exercises for OA of the Knee

Osteoarthritis Pictures Slideshow: Exercises for OA of the Knee

Total knee replacement facts

  • Patients with severe destruction of the kneejoint associated with progressive pain and impaired function maybe candidates for total knee replacement.
  • Osteoarthritis is the most common reason for knee replacement operation in the U.S.
  • Risks of total knee replacement surgery havebeen identified.
  • Physical therapy is an essential part of rehabilitationafter total knee replacement.
  • Patients with artificial joints are recommendedto take antibiotics before, during, and after any elective invasiveprocedures (including dental work). Continue Reading
Reviewed on 10/28/2015
References
Medically reviewed by Aimee V. HachigianGould, MD; American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery

REFERENCE:

Klippel, John H., eds., et al. Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. 13th ed. New York: Springer and Arthritis Foundation, 2008.

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