Toddlers: Child Development Related Diseases & Conditions

You are reading this article to get healthier and help prevent disease. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to Toddlers: Child Development. The conditions and diseases listed below may be helped by the healthy lifestyle interventions outlined in the article.

  • Roseola Roseola is a viral illness that most commonly affects young children. Symptoms and signs include a sudden high fever that lasts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Roseola Article
    • Roseola facts
    • What is roseola?
    • What virus causes roseola?
    • How is roseola spread?
    • What are roseola symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of roseola established?
    • How high can the fever go with roseola?
    • What is the treatment for the fever of roseola?
    • Can the fever cause a seizure?
    • Is a seizure due to fever dangerous?
    • What should I do if my child with roseola has a seizure?
    • Is there a rash with roseola?
    • What is most remarkable characteristic of roseola?
    • What is the course of roseola?
    • Are there any complications of roseola?
    • Should I take my child to the doctor with roseola?
    • When can the child return to child care?
    • Is it possible to prevent roseola?
    • What is the prognosis for a child with roseola?
    • Are there other names for roseola?
  • Iron Deficiency Iron is a mineral our bodies need. Iron deficiency is a condition resulting from not enough iron in the body. It is the most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iron Deficiency Article
    • Iron and iron deficiency facts*
    • What is iron and why do we need it?
    • What is iron deficiency and why is it a concern?
    • What causes iron deficiency?
    • Who is most at risk for iron deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of iron deficiency?
    • How is iron deficiency diagnosed?
    • How is iron deficiency treated?
    • Can iron deficiency be prevented?
    • Babies
    • Young children (aged 1-5 years)
    • Adolescent girls and women of childbearing age
    • Pregnant women
    • How much iron do I need?
    • What are dietary sources of iron?
    • Dietary sources of Vitamin C
    • Iron overload and hemochromatosis
  • Pinworms Pinworm infection is an intestinal infection caused by a pinworm, seatworm, or threadworm. Female pinworms leave the intestine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinworms Article
    • Pinworms facts
    • What is pinworm infection?
    • Who is at risk for getting pinworms?
    • Pinworms in children
    • Pinworms in adults
    • What do pinworms look like (pinworm pictures)?
    • What is the lifecycle of pinworms?
    • How is pinworm infection spread?
    • What are the symptoms of pinworms?
    • How is pinworm infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of pinworms; is there a home treatment?
    • What are the consequences of untreated pinworm infections?
    • How are pinworm infections prevented?
  • Mumps Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mumps Article
    • Mumps facts
    • What is mumps?
    • What is the history of mumps?
    • What causes mumps? How is mumps transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for contracting mumps?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of mumps in children and adults?
    • How is mumps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mumps in adults and in children?
    • What are complications of mumps?
    • Can mumps be prevented? Is there a vaccine for mumps?
    • What is the prognosis of a mumps infection?
    • Where can people find more information on mumps?
  • Croup Croup is a contagious viral infection that affects children's respiratory system. Symptoms include a barking cough, stridor,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Croup Article
    • Croup facts
    • What is croup? What causes croup?
    • Is croup contagious?
    • What are croup symptoms?
    • What is the treatment for croup?
    • What warning signs should parents look for with croup?
  • Cerebral Palsy Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cerebral Palsy Article
    • Cerebral palsy facts
    • What is cerebral palsy?
    • What are causes of cerebral palsy?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cerebral palsy?
    • What are the types of cerebral palsy?
    • What is spastic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dyskinetic cerebral palsy?
    • What is ataxic cerebral palsy?
    • What is dystonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is choreoathetoid cerebral palsy?
    • What is hypotonic cerebral palsy?
    • What is mixed cerebral palsy?
    • What other conditions are associated with cerebral palsy?
    • How is a child evaluated for cerebral palsy?
    • How is cerebral palsy treated?
    • What are specific treatment plans for cerebral palsy?
    • What is the long-term outlook for patients with cerebral palsy?
  • Cavities Learn more about cavities including symptoms, treatment, and prevention. See how tooth decay, plaque, and bacteria contribute to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cavities Article
    • What are cavities?
    • What are microcavities?
    • How does a cavity form?
    • What risk factors contribute to tooth decay?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cavities?
    • How are cavities diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cavities?
    • What is CAMBRA?
    • Treatment of cavities during pregnancy
    • What is the prognosis of a cavity?
  • Shigella Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever are common symptoms. Mild...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shigella Article
    • Shingellosis facts*
    • What is shigellosis? What causes shigellosis?
    • What sort of germ is Shigella?
    • How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
    • How can Shigella infections be treated?
    • Are there long term consequences of a Shigella infection?
    • How do people catch Shigella?
    • What can a person do to prevent this illness?
    • How common is shigellosis?
    • What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
    • What is the government doing about shigellosis?
    • How can I learn more about this and other public health problems?
    • Some tips for preventing the spread of shigellosis
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is the upward movement of stomach content, including acid, into the esophagus and...learn more »
    In This Article
    GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children Article
    • What are GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What causes GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What are the symptoms of GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • How are GER and GERD in infants and children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for GER in infants?
    • How are GER and GERD treated in infants and children?
    • What is the prognosis for GER and GERD in infants and children?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms include fever and nasal congestion and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Respiratory Syncytial Virus Article
    • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection facts
    • What is the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?
    • When does RSV infection occur, and who gets it?
    • Who is at risk for severe disease?
    • Is RSV infection contagious, and how is RSV infection transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of RSV infection?
    • How is RSV infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an RSV infection?
    • How can RSV infection be prevented?
    • Is there an RSV vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis of a respiratory syncytial virus infection?
  • Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety disorder is a common childhood anxiety disorder that has many causes. Infants, children, older kids and adults...learn more »
    In This Article
    Separation Anxiety Article
    • Separation anxiety disorder facts
    • What is separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for separation anxiety disorder?
    • How is separation anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for separation anxiety disorder?
    • What happens if separation anxiety disorder is left untreated?
    • Where can I find more information on separation anxiety disorder?
  • Hirschsprung's Disease Hirschsprung's disease (Hirschsprung), is a disease of the nerve cells of of the large intestine. The primary symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hirschsprung's Disease Article
    • What is Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the large intestine, colon, rectum, and anus?
    • Why does Hirschsprung's disease cause constipation?
    • What causes Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung's disease?
    • How is Hirschsprung's disease treated?
    • What will my child's life be like after surgery?
    • If I have more children, will they also have Hirschsprung's disease?
    • Hirschsprung's Disease At A Glance
  • Childhood Obesity Fast food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Obesity Article
    • Childhood obesity facts
    • What is childhood obesity? How is childhood obesity diagnosed?
    • How prevalent is childhood obesity?
    • What causes childhood obesity?
    • What are childhood obesity symptoms and signs?
    • What are risk factors for childhood obesity?
    • What are the risks, complications, and long-term health effects of childhood obesity?
    • What is the treatment for childhood obesity?
    • Can childhood obesity be prevented?
    • What research is being done on childhood obesity?
    • Where can people find more information on childhood obesity?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome) Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome) is a rare genetic neurometabolic disorder. The symptoms of Leigh's disease include loss of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome) Article
    • What is Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome)?
    • What causes Leigh's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Leigh's disease?
    • Is there any treatment for Leigh's disease?
    • Are there other forms of Leigh's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Leigh's disease?
    • What research is being done with Leigh's disease?
    • Clinical trials for Leigh's disease
    • Support for Leigh's disease
  • Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Sleep needs in children and teenagers depends on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as sleep apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Article
    • How much sleep do children need?
    • Can a lack of sleep impact a child's behavior?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • What are some common sleep disorders in children?
    • What are some common physiological sleep disorder symptoms in children?
    • Sleep apnea symptoms in children
    • Parasomnia symptoms in children
    • Confusional arousals symptoms in children
    • Night terror symptoms in children
    • Narcolepsy symptoms in children
    • Sleepwalking in children
    • Do teenagers have the same sleep requirements as younger children?
    • How can I teach my child or teen healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene?
    • What are some ways I can help my child or teenager get a better nights sleep?
    • What are some "dont's" for getting my child or teen to sleep?
  • Parenting Good parenting helps foster empathy, honesty, self-reliance, self-control, kindness, cooperation, and cheerfulness, says...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parenting Article
    • Introduction to healthy parenting
    • What are the 10 principles of good parenting?
    • How can parents avoid the dinnertime battle with their children?
    • How can parents fit in family fitness?