timolol (Blocadren and Timolide 10-25 have been discontinued)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Annette (Gbemudu) Ogbru, PharmD, MBA

    Dr. Gbemudu received her B.S. in Biochemistry from Nova Southeastern University, her PharmD degree from University of Maryland, and MBA degree from University of Baltimore. She completed a one year post-doctoral fellowship with Rutgers University and Bristol Myers Squibb.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

DOSAGE: The range of dosing for adults is 10 to 60 mg per day.

DRUG INTERACTIONS:

  • The concurrent use of timolol and clonidine (Catapres), may cause rebound hypertension upon abrupt discontinuation of clonidine. It is advisable, therefore, to stop the beta adrenergic blocking drug by several days before gradually withdrawing clonidine.
  • Fenoldopam (Corlopam), which is used for the treatment of severe hypertension should not be taken together with timolol as the combination may increase the risk of hypotension due to additive effects of the two drugs in lowering blood pressure.
  • Close observation should be carried out when timolol is administered to patients receiving catecholamine-depleting drugs such as reserpine (Harmonyl) because of possible additive effects and the production of hypotension and/or a markedly slow heartbeat, which may produce dizziness, syncope, or postural hypotension (dizziness upon standing).
  • Concurrent use of NSAIDs with timolol may cause the antihypertensive action of beta-blockers to be decreased. This occurs because prostaglandins are important in controlling blood pressure.

PREGNANCY AND BREASTFEEDING SAFETY:

  • There are no adequate studies in pregnant women. Timolol should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk.
  • Timolol has been detected in human milk and has a potential for adverse events in infants.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/23/2016

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