Table of Contents
- Tick facts
- What are ticks? What do ticks look like?
- What are the risk factors for tick bites?
- What specialists treat tick bites?
- What are tick bite symptoms and signs?
- What diseases do ticks transmit (act as vectors) to humans?
- What are the symptoms and signs of diseases transmitted by ticks?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose a tick bite?
- What is the treatment for a tick bite?
- What is the best method of tick removal?
- Is it possible to prevent tick bites?
- What is the prognosis for people who get a tick bite?
- Where can I find more information about ticks?
Quick GuideLyme Disease Symptoms, Rash, Treatments
What is the treatment for a tick bite?
For all tick bites, local cleansing and antibiotic cream may be applied. If the bite area develops itching, preparations containing diphenhydramine (Benadryl) are recommended. These Benadryl compounds can be applied directly to the skin for itching or administered orally by tablets. This is usually the only treatment needed.
However, treatment of the pathogens that the tick may pass to a person depends on other factors, such as the type of tick, length of time of attachment to the host, diseases in the community, and symptoms developed by the patient. Specific treatment is based on the identity of the pathogen transmitted. For example, oral antibiotics may be prescribed for some patients with tick bites if they live in an area where Lyme disease is endemic. With more significant symptoms, antibiotics may need to be given intravenously and the patient may need to be hospitalized. The best approach to treatment is to diagnose which pathogen has been transmitted to the patient (for example, Borrelia species of bacteria) and then use the specific treatment recommended to reduce or kill the pathogen.
Burns, Bo. "9 Bug Bites Your Need to Know." July 27, 2016. Medscape.com. <http://reference.medscape.com/features/slideshow/bug-bites>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Symptoms of Tickborne Illness." June 1, 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/ticks/symptoms.html>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Tick Removal." May 16, 2011. IMAGES:
2.Getty Images/Kallista Images
9.Getty Images/Dorling Kindersley