Thrush and Other Yeast Infections in Children

  • Medical Author:
    David Perlstein, MD, MBA, FAAP

    Dr. Perlstein received his Medical Degree from the University of Cincinnati and then completed his internship and residency in pediatrics at The New York Hospital, Cornell medical Center in New York City. After serving an additional year as Chief Pediatric Resident, he worked as a private practitioner and then was appointed Director of Ambulatory Pediatrics at St. Barnabas Hospital in the Bronx.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

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What if the medication does not effectively treat the yeast infection?

There are some situations when a different medication is needed to clear a yeast infection. A health-care provider may prescribe another type of antifungal cream or oral preparation that may include ketoconazole (Nizoral, Extina, Xolegel, Kuric), fluconazole (Diflucan), or itraconazole (Sporanox).

Should a child with yeast infection be kept out of child care?

There is no need to remove a child with yeast infection from child care. Since most healthy people already harbor Candida, children with thrush and Candida diaper rash do not have to be excluded from child care (as long they are able to participate comfortably).

Child-care providers should follow good hygiene, including careful hand washing and disposal of nasal and oral secretions of children with thrush, in order to avoid transmitting the infection to children who may not already be infected.

Are there other names for yeast infection?

Medically, a yeast infection is referred to as candidiasis because Candida causes the infection. Thrush is known as oral candidiasis. The old name for Candida was Monilia. The infection is still sometimes called moniliasis, and thrush is still at times known as oral moniliasis.

REFERENCES:

American Academy of Pediatrics. "Candidiasis (Moniliasis, Thrush)." In: Pickering, L.K., ed. Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 28th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, 2009: 245-249.

American Academy of Pediatrics. "Thrush and Other Candida Infections." HealthyChildren.org. Aug. 20, 2015. <https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/infections/Pages/Thrush-and-Other-Candida-Infections.aspx>.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/6/2015
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