Thrush (Oral Candidiasis)

Thrush facts

  • Thrush (oropharyngeal candidiasis) is a medical condition in which a fungus called Candida albicans overgrows in the mouth and throat.
  • Thrush may be caused by a variety of factors, including illness, pregnancy, medications, smoking, or dentures.
  • Thrush in infants is common and usually not harmful.
  • Risk factors for thrush include weakened immune systems, medications, smoking, or stress.
  • Symptoms of thrush include white patches in the mouth, inner cheeks, throat, palate, and tongue, as well as soreness and mouth pain.
  • Thrush is usually diagnosed by clinical examination by a physician or dentist.
  • Treatment for thrush depends on the severity and the cause and can include simple home remedies, oral medications, or systemic medications.
  • The prognosis for mild cases of thrush is good. The outlook for severe cases depends on the underlying cause and the status of the patient's immune system.
  • Thrush can be prevented in most cases by risk factor modification. Continue Reading
Reviewed on 1/30/2015
Dental Health Pictures Slideshow: Top Problems in Your Mouth


Get the Latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!