- High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Slideshow
- Take the Salt Quiz!
- Lowering Blood Pressure Exercise Tips Pictures
- Salt FAQs
- What is the DASH diet?
- What is the recommended daily allowance of sodium?
- How does the DASH diet lower blood pressure and promote weight loss?
- What foods are allowed in the DASH diet eating plan?
- What foods and drinks should be avoided while following a DASH diet?
- What is a sample DASH diet sample menu?
- What are some DASH diet recipes?
- How can I make the DASH diet tastier?
- What heart-healthy lifestyle interventions are part of the DASH diet?
- Physical activity and high blood pressure
- Stress management and high blood pressure
- Sleep and high blood pressure
- Alcohol use and high blood pressure
- Smoking and high blood pressure
- Weight management and high blood pressure
- Where can I find more information about low sodium foods, diet plans, and low sodium shopping lists?
Quick GuideHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Warning Signs, Risks, Medications
Alcohol use and high blood pressure
Alcohol increases blood pressure and should be consumed in moderation in the DASH diet plan. The recommendations for alcohol are to limit it to one drink per day for women, and two per day for men.
Smoking and high blood pressure
Smoking raises blood pressure as well as contributing to other chronic diseases. It is difficult to quit smoking, so ask for help if you need it. Options to help you quit range from support groups to medications to hypnosis.
Weight management and high blood pressure
Losing weight is difficult for most people, but it ultimately improves more than your just blood pressure. With weight loss, most cardiovascular (heart) risk factors improve, your risk for cancers, diabetes, dementia, and many other chronic diseases decreases. Social support is very important to be successful in weight loss. Make a commitment with several friends or join a program that helps keep you accountable and provides support. If you are struggling to lose weight despite eating a DASH diet and being physically active, there might be problems with your metabolism or other underlying factors. Discuss the situation with your health-care professional to see if other conditions may be impacting your metabolism.
Where can I find more information about low sodium foods, diet plans, and low sodium shopping lists?
The following resources provide more information about how to lower sodium in your diet, and other healthy food choices that help lower blood pressure.
- Get the Facts: Sources of Sodium in Your Diet
- Low Sodium Foods: Shopping List
Appel, L. J., et al. "A clinical trial of the effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure. DASH Collaborative Research Group." N Engl J Med. 1997 Apr 17;336(16):1117-24.
Blumenthal, J. A. et al. "Effects of the DASH diet alone and in combination with exercise and weight loss on blood pressure and cardiovascular biomarkers in men and women with high blood pressure: the ENCORE study." Arch Intern Med. 2010 Jan 25;170(2):126-35.
Cano-Montoya, J. et al. "Interaction between antihypertensive therapy and exercise training therapy requires drug regulation in hypertensive patients." Rev Med Chil. 2016 Feb;144(2):152-61.