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Tetanus is an often-fatal disease caused by nerve toxins produced by the common bacteria Clostridium tetani. In a seven-day period after infection, a person experiences muscle spasms, restlessness, headache, irritability, then lockjaw, and the lungs stop functioning. Tetanus is treatable with antibiotics and drainage. Sedation is often give to stop muscle spasms.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Muscle Spasms Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing...learn more »
    • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Headache Article
      • Headache facts
      • What is a headache?
      • How are headaches classified?
      • What are primary headaches?
      • What are secondary headaches?
      • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
      • What causes tension headaches?
      • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
      • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
      • How are tension headaches treated?
      • What causes cluster headaches?
      • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
      • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
      • How are cluster headaches treated?
      • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
      • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
      • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
      • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
      • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
    • Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture Wounds Cuts, scrapes, and puncture wounds are common, and most people will experience one of these in their lifetime. Evaluating the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture Wounds Article
      • Cuts, scrapes (abrasions), and puncture wounds facts
      • What is the best first aid for a cut or scrape?
      • Who should seek medical care for a cut?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of a wound infection?
      • How are puncture wounds different?
      • Will I need a tetanus shot for a cut, scrape, or puncture wound?
    • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
      In This Article
      Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
      • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
      • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
      • What causes whooping cough?
      • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
      • Can whooping cough be prevented with a vaccine?
      • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
      • How is whooping cough transmitted?
      • Can adults get whooping cough?
      • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
      • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
      • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
      • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
    • Burns (First Aid) Burns are categorized by severity as first, second, or third degree. First degree burns are similar to a painful sunburn. The...learn more »
      In This Article
      Burns (First Aid) Article
      • Introduction to burns
      • How are burns classified?
      • What is the significance of the amount of body area burned?
      • How important is the location of a burn?
      • What about electrical burns?
      • What about chemical burns?
      • First aid for burns
    • Rickets Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium or phosphate. Infants and children who are exclusively breastfed, have...learn more »
      In This Article
      Rickets Article
      • Rickets facts
      • What is rickets?
      • What is the history of rickets?
      • What causes rickets?
      • What are rickets symptoms and signs?
      • How is rickets diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for rickets?
      • What is the prognosis for rickets?
      • How can rickets be prevented?

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Terms related to Tetanus:

  • Lockjaw
  • Tetanic Contractions
  • Tetanic Spasms
  • Tonic Contractions
  • Tonic Spasms
  • Trismus