GENERIC NAME: testosterone gel
BRAND NAME: Androgel
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Androgel is a gel containing testosterone. It is administered through the skin for treatment of low testosterone levels. It belongs to a class of drugs called androgens. Other testosterone replacement products include Androderm, Axiron, Testim, and Fortesta. Testosterone is the major male sex hormone responsible for the normal growth and development of the male sex organs and secondary sex characteristics. These effects include development of the prostate, penis, and scrotum; distribution of facial, pubic, chest and axillary hair; development of a deep voice and alterations in muscle mass and fat distribution. Low production of testosterone leads to erectile dysfunction, reduced sexual desire, fatigue and loss of energy, depression, regression of secondary sexual characteristics, and weakening of bones (osteoporosis). Androgel and other testosterone replacement products supplement or replace natural production of testosterone and reverse symptoms of low testosterone levels. The FDA approved Androgel in February 2000.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Androgel is a testosterone replacement product used for men 18 years old or older with a deficiency or absence of testosterone due to primary hypogonadism or hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.
SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects of Androgel are:
- high blood pressure,
- abnormal lab tests (for example, glucose and cholesterol tests),
- application site reactions (for example, itching, blisters, and redness),
- enlarged prostate, and
- increased serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels.
Quick GuideLow Testosterone (Low T) Treatments
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