Testicular Pain (Pain in the Testicles)

  • Medical Author:
    Steven Doerr, MD

    Steven Doerr, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Doerr received his undergraduate degree in Spanish from the University of Colorado at Boulder. He graduated with his Medical Degree from the University Of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver, Colorado in 1998 and completed his residency training in Emergency Medicine from Denver Health Medical Center in Denver, Colorado in 2002, where he also served as Chief Resident.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

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What are the complications of the conditions causing testicular pain?

The complications associated with the different causes of testicular pain are varied. Some individuals may suffer from chronic testicular pain, even after the acute cause of the testicular pain has been treated. Other potential complications may include the following.

Testicular torsion complications

  • permanent damage to the testicle
  • loss of testicle
  • infertility
  • infection
  • cosmetic deformity

Epididymitis complications

  • epididymo-orchitis
  • abscess (a collection of pus) formation
  • impaired fertility
  • systemic blood infection (sepsis)

Torsion of a testicular appendage complications

  • no significant complications exist

Trauma complications

  • permanent damage to the testicle
  • atrophy (decrease in size) of the testicle
  • loss of testicle
  • infertility
  • abscess formation
  • cosmetic deformity
  • testicular torsion

Inguinal hernia complications

  • incarceration (hernia unable to be pushed back in)
  • strangulation (disruption to the blood supply of the intestine protruding through the abdominal wall defect)

Orchitis complications

  • atrophy of the testicle
  • impaired fertility
  • abscess formation

Kidney stone complications

  • permanent kidney damage
  • urosepsis (systemic blood infection arising from infected urine)

Testicular tumor complications

  • The complications of a testicular tumor vary depending on the underlying type of tumor and the extent of disease.

How can testicular pain be prevented?

There are a few measures that you can take to prevent certain causes of testicular pain. However, many of the causes are not entirely preventable.

  • For epididymitis or bacterial orchitis caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), condom use can reduce the risk of transmission of STDs
  • The use of appropriate protective gear during sporting activities can help prevent testicular trauma.
  • Mumps immunization can decrease the incidence of viral orchitis.

REFERENCES:

Ching, C. MD. "Epididymitis." Medscape. Dec 15, 2014
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/436154-overview>

Terry, N. MD. "Orchitis." Medscape. Sep 11, 2015
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/777456-overview>

Sachdeva, Kush, MD. "Testicular Cancer." Medscape. Feb 16, 2015
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/279007-overview>

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/7/2015

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