Testicular Disorders (cont.)

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What are the complications of the conditions causing testicular pain?

The complications associated with the different causes of testicular pain are varied. Some individuals may suffer from chronic testicular pain, even after the acute cause of the testicular pain has been treated. Other potential complications may include the following.

Testicular torsion complications

  • permanent damage to the testicle
  • loss of testicle
  • infertility
  • infection
  • cosmetic deformity

Epididymitis complications

  • epididymo-orchitis
  • abscess (a collection of pus) formation
  • impaired fertility
  • systemic blood infection (sepsis)

Torsion of a testicular appendage complications

  • no significant complications exist

Trauma complications

  • permanent damage to the testicle
  • atrophy (decrease in size) of the testicle
  • loss of testicle
  • infertility
  • abscess formation
  • cosmetic deformity
  • testicular torsion

Inguinal hernia complications

  • incarceration (hernia unable to be pushed back in)
  • strangulation (disruption to the blood supply of the intestine protruding through the abdominal wall defect)

Orchitis complications

  • atrophy of the testicle
  • impaired fertility
  • abscess formation

Kidney stone complications

  • permanent kidney damage
  • urosepsis (systemic blood infection arising from infected urine)

Testicular tumor complications

  • The complications of a testicular tumor vary depending on the underlying type of tumor and the extent of disease.

How can testicular pain be prevented?

There are a few measures that you can take to prevent certain causes of testicular pain. However, many of the causes are not entirely preventable.

  • For epididymitis or bacterial orchitis caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), condom use can reduce the risk of transmission of STDs
  • The use of appropriate protective gear during sporting activities can help prevent testicular trauma.
  • Mumps immunization can decrease the incidence of viral orchitis.


Ching, C. MD. "Epididymitis." Medscape. Dec 15, 2014

Terry, N. MD. "Orchitis." Medscape. Sep 11, 2015

Sachdeva, Kush, MD. "Testicular Cancer." Medscape. Feb 16, 2015

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/7/2015

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