Testicular Pain
(Pain in the Testicles)

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Testicular pain facts

  • Testicular pain refers to pain or discomfort that is felt in one or both testicles.
  • The primary role of the testicle is to produce sperm and the hormone testosterone.
  • There are numerous conditions that can cause testicular pain, and a few of them constitute medical emergencies.
  • The signs and symptoms may include pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness of the testicle and/or scrotum. Nausea, vomiting and fever may also be present.
  • The different causes of testicular pain can be diagnosed using blood tests, urinalysis and imaging studies, in addition to a complete physical exam.
  • The treatment for testicular pain varies depending on the underlying cause, and may include pain medication, antibiotics, and surgical intervention.
  • The complications of the conditions causing testicular pain may include infection, impaired fertility, permanent damage to the testicle or loss of the testicle.
  • Only a few causes of testicular pain are preventable.

What is testicular pain (pain in the testicles)?

Testicular pain is pain or discomfort that is felt in one or both testicles. The pain may originate from the testicle itself, or it may be the result of other conditions affecting the scrotum, groin or abdomen. Though there are numerous medical conditions that can cause testicular pain, it is important to understand that a few of them constitute medical emergencies that require immediate medical attention in order to prevent the loss of testicular function.

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Testicular Pain - Cause Question: What was the cause of your testicular pain?

Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer Signs and Symptoms

Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

Cancer of the testicles(testicular cancer) is an uncommon condition that accounts for only about 1% of all cancers in men. Each year, approximately 8,000 new cases of testicular cancer will occur in the U.S., leading to approximately 360 deaths.

Doctors do not know the exact cause of testicular cancer, but a number of risk factors for development of this disease have been identified. Young men between the ages of 15 and 39 are most often affected. White men are affected more than men of other races, although the disease can occur in men of any age and race, including children. Men who have an undescended testicle (termed cryptorchidism), even if surgery has been performed to remedy the condition, have an increased risk for the development of testicular cancer. Other risk factors include the genetic condition known as Klinefelter's syndrome, abnormal development of the testicles, and having relatives with testicular cancer.


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