- Cancer 101 Pictures Slideshow
- Breast Cancer Slideshow
- Skin Cancer Slideshow
- Patient Comments: Testicular Cancer - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Testicular Cancer - Treatments
- Find a local Oncologist in your town
- Testicular cancer facts*
- What is testicular cancer?
- What are causes and risk factors of testicular cancer?
- What are testicular cancer symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose testicular cancer?
- How is testicular cancer staging determined?
- What are the stages of testicular cancer?
- What is recurrent testicular cancer?
- What is the treatment for testicular cancer?
- What are the five types of standard treatment for testicular cancer?
- Are there clinical trials for patients with testicular cancer?
- What follow-up is needed after treatment of testicular cancer?
- What are testicular cancer treatment options by stage?
- What is the treatment for recurrent testicular cancer?
- What is the prognosis of testicular cancer?
Quick GuideSigns of Cancer in Men: Could it Be Cancer?
Five types of standard treatment are used:
Surgery to remove the testicle (inguinal orchiectomy) and some of the lymph nodes may be done at diagnosis and staging. Tumors that have spread to other places in the body may be partly or entirely removed by surgery.
Even if the doctor removes all the cancer that can be seen at the time of the surgery, some patients may be given chemotherapy or radiation therapy after surgery to kill any cancer cells that are left. Treatment given after the surgery, to lower the risk that the cancer will come back, is called adjuvant therapy.
Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy:
- External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancer.
- Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the cancer.
The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. External radiation therapy is used to treat testicular cancer.
Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping the cells from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.
Surveillance is closely following a patient's condition without giving any treatment unless there are changes in test results. It is used to find early signs that the cancer has recurred (come back). In surveillance, patients are given certain exams and tests on a regular schedule.
High-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant
High-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant is a method of giving high doses of chemotherapy and replacing blood -forming cells destroyed by the cancer treatment. Stem cells (immature blood cells) are removed from the blood or bone marrow of the patient or a donor and are frozen and stored. After the chemotherapy is completed, the stored stem cells are thawed and given back to the patient through an infusion. These reinfused stem cells grow into (and restore) the body's blood cells.