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- Patient Comments: Testicular Cancer - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Testicular Cancer - Treatments
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- Testicular cancer facts*
- What is testicular cancer?
- What are causes and risk factors of testicular cancer?
- What are testicular cancer symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose testicular cancer?
- How is testicular cancer staging determined?
- What are the stages of testicular cancer?
- What is recurrent testicular cancer?
- What is the treatment for testicular cancer?
- What are the five types of standard treatment for testicular cancer?
- Are there clinical trials for patients with testicular cancer?
- What follow-up is needed after treatment of testicular cancer?
- What are testicular cancer treatment options by stage?
- What is the treatment for recurrent testicular cancer?
- What is the prognosis of testicular cancer?
Quick GuideSigns of Cancer in Men: Could it Be Cancer?
Treatment Options for Recurrent Testicular Cancer
Treatment of recurrent testicular cancer may include the following:
- Combination chemotherapy.
- High-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplant.
- Surgery to remove cancer that has either:
- come back more than 2 years after complete remission; or
- come back in only one place and does not respond to chemotherapy.
- A clinical trial of a new therapy.
Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you.
Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
The prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on the following:
- Stage of the cancer (whether it is in or near the testicle or has spread to other places in the body, and blood levels of AFP, β-hCG, and LDH).
- Type of cancer.
- Size of the tumor.
- Number and size of retroperitoneal lymph nodes.
Testicular cancer can usually be cured in patients who receive adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy after their primary treatment.
Treatment for testicular cancer can cause infertility.
Certain treatments for testicular cancer can cause infertility that may be permanent. Patients who may wish to have children should consider sperm banking before having treatment. Sperm banking is the process of freezing sperm and storing it for later use.
United States. National Cancer Institute. "Testicular Cancer." July 7, 2016. <http://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular/patient/testicular-treatment-pdq>.