Testicular Cancer (Cancer of the Testicle)

Cancer 101: Cancer Explained

Testicular Cancer Symptoms & Signs

The first and early sign of testicular cancer is most commonly a little ("pea-sized") lump on the testis (painless testicular lump). There may be no real pain, at most just a dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin, perhaps a sensation of dragging and heaviness. The signs and symptoms of cancer of the testicle may include...

  1. a lump in or on a testicle (testicular lump) is the most common sign;
  2. any enlargement or swelling of a testicle and/or scrotum;
  3. shrinking of a testicle;
  4. a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum (scrotal heaviness);
  5. a dull ache in the lower abdomen (lower abdominal pain) or in the groin (groin ache)...

Quick GuideMen's Cancer Pictures Slideshow: 15 Symptoms Men Ignore

Men's Cancer Pictures Slideshow: 15 Symptoms Men Ignore

Testicular cancer facts*

*Testicular cancer facts medical author:

  • Testicular cancer is a disease when testicular cells become abnormal (malignant) in one or both testicles.
  • The exact cause of testicular cancer is not known but risk factors include undescended testicle(s), congenital abnormalities (for example, kidney, penile abnormalities), and history of testicular cancer (for example, family history or personal history of testicular cancer in one testicle).
  • Testicular cancer is often first detected by the patient discovering a lump or swelling in a testicle; other symptoms include testicular pain or discomfort; testicular enlargement; aches in the abdomen, back, or groin; or a fluid collection in the scrotum.
  • Testicular cancer is diagnosed by the patient's history and physical, ultrasound, and blood tests that measure testicular tumor markers. Biopsy of testicular tissue may be done.
  • Testicular cancer can be cured by surgery, radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy; side effects include infertility and may affect sexual function. Other side effects are due to radiation and chemotherapy.
  • Follow-up treatment is necessary because testicular cancer may recur. Follow-up treatment may involve regular blood tests and possibly CT scans.
  • Clinical trials are available for men with testicular cancer. Contact information is listed in the article.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/11/2016

Subscribe to MedicineNet's Cancer Report Newsletter

By clicking Submit, I agree to the MedicineNet's Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time.

  • Testicular Cancer - Symptoms

    What were the symptoms and signs associated with testicular cancer in you or your partner?

    Post View 6 Comments
  • Testicular Cancer - Treatments

    What kinds of treatment, surgery, or therapy did you or your partner receive for testicular cancer?

    Post View 1 Comment

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors