teriflunomide (Aubagio)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

What is teriflunomide, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Teriflunomide is an oral immunomodulatory agent used for the treatment of patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). It inhibits dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, an enzyme used to make pyrimidine which is used to build DNA. The exact mechanism of action of teriflunomide in the treatment of MS is unknown. However, it is thought to reduce the over activation of the immune system by decreasing the number of white blood cells (T and B lymphocytes) in the central nervous system. Teriflunomide decreases the number of MS relapses. The FDA approved teriflunomide in September 2013.

What brand names are available for teriflunomide?

Aubagio

Is teriflunomide available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: No

Do I need a prescription for teriflunomide?

Yes

What are the side effects of teriflunomide?

The most common side effects associated with teriflunomide treatment are alopecia (hair thinning or loss), diarrhea, influenza, paresthesia (tingling, burning, prickling or pricking sensations of the skin), and increase in liver enzymes. Serious liver injury, kidney problems, decrease in white blood cell counts, risk for serious infections such as tuberculosis, increase in blood potassium levels (hyperkalemia), increase in blood pressure, breathing problems, and serious skin problems were also reported in clinical studies.

Quick GuideMultiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms and Treatment

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms and Treatment
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