Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) (cont.)

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What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?

The prognosis for TMJ syndrome is generally good. There are numerous causes for TMJ syndrome, so the outlook depends on the cause, if known. Most people can manage the discomfort with self-care and home remedies.

Complications of long-term TMJ syndrome include chronic face pain or chronic headaches. In severe situations, where pain is chronic, or associated with other inflammatory disorders, long-term treatment may be necessary.

Is it possible to prevent TMJ syndrome?

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Symptoms of TMJ syndrome tend to be episodic and related to stress and lifestyle.

Prevention of TMJ syndrome symptoms can often be achieved using self-care at home, such as

  • eating soft foods;
  • avoiding chewing gum;
  • maintaining proper posture;
  • practicing stress reduction and relaxation techniques;
  • using dental splint appliances as recommended by a jaw care professional;
  • while exercising, working, or participating in sports, using proper safety equipment to prevent jaw fractures and dislocations.


Scrivani, J., and Noshir R. Mehta. "Temporomandibular Disorders in Adults." UpToDate.com. Aug. 2015. <http://www.uptodate.com/contents/temporomandibular-disorders-in-adults?source=search_result&search=tmj&selectedTitle=1~77>.

"Study Evaluates Risk Factors for Chronic Temporomandibular Joint and Muscle Disoders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. 10 Nov. 2011.

"TMJ." Amerian Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. Dec. 2010.

The TMJ Association. "Arthroscopy." June 18, 2014. <http://tmj.org/site/page?pageId=263>.

"TMJ Disorders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Aug. 2013.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/2/2015

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TMJ - Symptoms Question: Besides pain, what TMJ symptoms do you experience?
TMJ - Treatment Question: What treatment have you had for TMJ?
TMJ - Exercises Question: Have you tried exercises or other self-care measures to prevent TMJ symptoms?
TMJ - Risk Factors Question: What kind of activities exacerbate your TMJ pain?
TMJ - Causes Question: What causes your TMJ symptoms?