Table of Contents
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome facts
- What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
- What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
- What causes TMJ syndrome?
- What are TMJ syndrome symptoms and signs?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose TMJ syndrome?
- What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome? Are there any home remedies that provide TMJ pain relief?
- What types of doctors treat TMJ?
- What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
- Is it possible to prevent TMJ syndrome?
Quick GuideDental Health: Top Problems in Your Mouth
What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder of the jaw muscles and nerves caused by injury to the temporomandibular joint. The temporomandibular joint is the connection between the jawbone and the skull. The injured temporomandibular joint leads to pain with chewing, clicking, crackling, and popping of the jaw; swelling on the sides of the face; nerve inflammation; headaches, including migraines; tooth grinding (bruxism); Eustachian tube dysfunction; and sometimes dislocation of the temporomandibular joint. Temporomandibular joint syndrome is also known as temporomandibular joint disorder.
What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
There are several risk factors for TMJ syndrome:
- Poor posture in the neck and upper back muscles may lead to neck strain and abnormalities of jaw muscle function.
- Stress may increase muscle tension and jaw clenching.
- Women 18-44 years of age have increased risk.
- Patients with other chronic inflammatory arthritis have increased risk.
- People with jaw trauma or poorly positioned teeth have increased risk.
- People who have a genetic predisposition to pain sensitivity and increased stress responses may be more susceptible.
American College of Prosthodontists. "Temporomandibular Joint Disorder & Facial/Jaw Pain." <http://www.gotoapro.org/temporomandibular-joint/>.
Scrivani, J., and Noshir R. Mehta. "Temporomandibular Disorders in Adults." UpToDate.com. Aug. 2015. <http://www.uptodate.com/contents/temporomandibular-disorders-in-adults?source=search_result&search=tmj&selectedTitle=1~77>.
"Study Evaluates Risk Factors for Chronic Temporomandibular Joint and Muscle Disoders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. 10 Nov. 2011.
"TMJ." Amerian Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. Dec. 2010.
The TMJ Association. "Arthroscopy." June 18, 2014. <http://tmj.org/site/page?pageId=263>.
"TMJ Disorders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Aug. 2013.
TMJ Hope. "TMJD Pain Management." <http://www.tmjhope.org/tmj-treatment/pain-management/>.
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