Table of Contents
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome facts
- What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
- What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
- What causes TMJ syndrome?
- What are TMJ syndrome symptoms and signs?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose TMJ syndrome?
- What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome? Are there any home remedies that provide TMJ pain relief?
- What types of doctors treat TMJ?
- What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
- Is it possible to prevent TMJ syndrome?
TMJ Symptoms and Causes
The temporomandibular joints are complex structures containing muscles, tendons, and bones. Injury to or disorders of these structures can all result in pain in the jaw area.
Quick GuideDental Health: Top Problems in Your Mouth
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome facts
- The temporomandibular joint is the joint that connects your jaw to your skull. When this joint is injured or damaged, it can lead to a localized pain disorder called temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome.
- Causes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome include injury to the teeth or jaw, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, teeth grinding, poor posture, stress, arthritis, and gum chewing.
- Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome include
- pain in the jaw joint,
- jaw clicking and popping,
- ear pain,
- popping sounds in ears,
- stiff or sore jaw muscles,
- pain in the temple area, or
- locking of the jaw joint.
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome often responds to home remedies, including ice packs to the joint, over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), avoiding chewing gum, massage or gentle stretches of the jaw and neck, and stress reduction.
- When home treatment does not work, medical treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome includes dental splints, Botox injections, physical therapy, prescription medications, and in severe cases, surgery.
- The prognosis for TMJ syndrome is generally good as the disorder can usually be managed with self-care and home remedies. Continue Reading
American College of Prosthodontists. "Temporomandibular Joint Disorder & Facial/Jaw Pain." <http://www.gotoapro.org/temporomandibular-joint/>.
Scrivani, J., and Noshir R. Mehta. "Temporomandibular Disorders in Adults." UpToDate.com. Aug. 2015. <http://www.uptodate.com/contents/temporomandibular-disorders-in-adults?source=search_result&search=tmj&selectedTitle=1~77>.
"Study Evaluates Risk Factors for Chronic Temporomandibular Joint and Muscle Disoders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. 10 Nov. 2011.
"TMJ." Amerian Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. Dec. 2010.
The TMJ Association. "Arthroscopy." June 18, 2014. <http://tmj.org/site/page?pageId=263>.
"TMJ Disorders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Aug. 2013.
TMJ Hope. "TMJD Pain Management." <http://www.tmjhope.org/tmj-treatment/pain-management/>.
Subscribe to MedicineNet's Newsletters
Get the latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!